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Styles and Techniques of various art periods

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by

Sam Fruitman

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of Styles and Techniques of various art periods

Styles and Techniques Pointillism Neoclassical Romantic REALISM Impressionism Post-Impressionism of Neoclassical Artists from this time period continued to contrast light and dark colours like Baroque painters did, but they stopped using really vibrant colours and excessively busy compositions. Artists focused more on line and symmetry, And they used a set of pre-determined proportions and exact perspectives to create a more desirable piece of art. The subjects in Neoclassical paintings often look smooth and polished. The artists concealed their brushstrokes because they wanted to imitate the smoothness of a marble sculpture. Romanticism Romanticism was fueled more by the emotions of the artist than what was happening in the world at the time. Landscapes became the subject matter for Romantic-period paintings, rather than the setting as they had been before. Artists from this period moved away from the smooth texture of Neo-Classicism, and showed their brushtrokes to convey the mood of the scene. 1800-1850 1780-1820 REALISM 1850-1900 Realism was an art period in which artists portrayed the truth of their subject matter through their art. Artists were striving to depict the life and hardships of the poor class in society from an objective point of view. Unlike Romanticism or Neo-Classicism, painters in the Realist movement stayed away from ideal proportions and ratios. They wanted to paint from an objective point of view. These artists painted the poor class to show people that the poor were important enough to be painted, and to show they existed. http://www.frontpainting.com/famous-paintings-realism.html Georges Seurat had a more calculated style in his paintings. he developed a technique called pointillism, which was unlike any of the other artist's styles from this art period. It consisted of filling the piece with a multitude of tiny dots, to mimic the vibrant quality of light. Impressionism 1860-1886 This movement was created in response to the invention of the photograph. Artists sought out a method in which to capture how light affects the scene and subject matter. They began painting outdoors to achieve this style. Artists achieved this new style by applying the paint directly onto the canvas, in heavy layers. Artists also used excessive colour in their paintings to show how light interacted with the scene. The short brushstrokes combined to form a unified piece, while still showing the light interaction. Artists from this period painted landscapes at different times each day, to show how the changing light affected the subject matter. Post-Impressionism http://bsu.edu/artinsight/Timeline/timeline_neoclassicism.html WORKS CITED 1880s-1910s Moving away from painting the external world, Post-Impressionist painters looked within to create more abstract and pattern-filled paintings. Post-Impressionist paintings were characterized by saturated colours and short, heavy brushstrokes (much like the Impressionists' style). Paintings from this art period were concerned more with personal observations and styles. Artists developed their own separate styles to add personal meaning to each of their own paintings. Other artists, such as Paul Gauguin and Henri Rousseau, painted almost entirely from their own minds. As a result of this, they had a strong connection to the artwork, as it expressed the inner workings of their minds. http://www.theartstory.org/movement-post-impressionism.htm http://bsu.edu/artinsight/Timeline/timeline_neoclassicism.html http://bsu.edu/artinsight/Timeline/timeline_romanticism.html http://bsu.edu/artinsight/Timeline/timeline_realism.html http://bsu.edu/artinsight/Timeline/timeline_impressionism.html Title: The Hay Wain
Artist: John Constable
Year: 1821
Medium: Oil on canvas Title: Three Women In Church
Year: 1882
Artist: Wilhelm Leibl
Medium: Oil on Mahogany Title: Apotheosis of Homer
Artist: Ingres
Year: 1827
Medium: oil on canvas Title: A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
Artist: Georges-Pierre Seurat
Year: 1884–1886
Medium: Oil on canvas Title: Glimmer Glass
Year: 1895
Artist: John Ottis Adams
Medium: Oil on Canvas
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