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Spain and the Philippines In the 19th Century

Rizal Course

lyzel navarro

on 23 July 2014

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Transcript of Spain and the Philippines In the 19th Century

Over-emphasis on religion.
Limited & irrelevant curriculum.
Obselete classroom facilities.
Inadequate instructional materials.
Absence of academic freedom.
Racial prejudice against the Filipino in school.

Administrative Organization
Spain in the 19th Century
Political Instability in Spain
1830- all of Spain's American colonies have seceded and became independent states with the exception of Cuba and Puerto Rico

Isabella II and Charles(Carlos V)- Ferdinand's daughter and son

Carlist Wars- were a series of civil wars
Spain and the Philippines
In the 19th Century

The Philippine During Rizal's Time
Encomienda System
They were forced by the Spanish colonizers to accept Spanish culture and religion
of Mercantilism
The Social Structure of Filipino Society
Encomienda system

Educational System

Parochial School
Racial Hierarchy
Chapter 3 :
Public Education for the natives begun.

Canovite System or Rotativism
The government of the country was unitary as policies implemented by colonial administrators from Luzon to Mindanao emanated from the Manila, the seat of the central government.

Head of the Spanish colonial government in the country.

He was the Vice Royal Patron over religious affairs.

Actos acordados

Local Government Units
Alcalde mayor
Indulto de commercio – Licensed to trade


Gobernadorcillo - as the town executive, his principal responsibility was tax collection.

Also called Barangays

Cabeza de Barangay
– head of the barangay

During the Spanish regime was called Ayuntamiento

Cabildo – or city council composed of a city mayor, councilors, chief constable and a secretary.

Spanish Friar
The key figure in the local administrative set-up
The supervising representative of the Spanish government for all local affairs.
He was practically the ruler of the town, local school inspector, health inspector, inspector of the accounts of the gobernadorcillos and cabeza de barangays
His approval was required in census lists, tax lists, list of army conscript and register of births, deaths and marriages.

Guardia Civil
Deals with the outlaws and renegades

Filibisteros and Erehes

Peninsulares Insulares
Spanish mestizos, Principalia
Chines mestizos

Indios or Natives
Spanish and Chinese mestizos, and the Principalia
Indio or Natives
Centered on teaching of fear of God and obedience to the friars.

Offered Courses:
Canon and Civil Law

Spaniards opened secondary schools for boys:

Colegio de Santo Tomas
Colegio de San Juan de Letran

Secondary Schools for Girls:
Santa Isabel
La Concordia
Santa Rosa
Santa Catalina
“Educational Decree of 1863”

- Which required the establishment of one elementary school for boys and one elementary school for girls in each town in the Philippines.

Weaknesses were as follows:
The country's wealth and power are measured in its stock of gold and silver.
All trade should be conducted within a certain country and its colonies.
Laissez Faire or Free Market Trade
Countries and their colonies began trading with one another.
Merchants began trading freely.
There was a demand for Philippine products such as sugar, coffee, rice and tobacco
Economic Situation
Rising of middle class in the colony.
Middle class families were able to acquire higher education.
Enlightenment of ideas.
Full transcript