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Transcript of MUSLIM WORSHIP
• Five times a day, approx. 10 minutes each
• Five types of prayer: Fajr occurs at dawn, Zuhr occurs after noon, Asr occurs in the mid-afternoon, Maghrib occurs at sunset, and Isha occurs at night
• Room and prayer mat must be clean
• Raising of the hands as a sign of respect
• Spoken, “Allahu Akbar”, meaning “God is most great”, while bending down; this position is known as the “ruku”
• Recite the first chapter of the holy book, the Qur’an
• Spoken three times, “Subhana rabbiyal adheem”, meaning “Glory be to my Lord Almighty”, while bending
• While standing, spoken “Sam'i Allahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa lakal hamd”, meaning “God hears those who call upon Him; Our Lord, praise be to You”
• Act of bowing down and reciting “Allahu Akbar”; this position is known as “sajdah”
• Spoken to the person on your right, “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah”, meaning “Peace be upon you and God's blessings”
• Two “cycles” of prayer occur; known as “rakats”
Known to purify the soul and mind,
There are three types of washing:
TAYAMMUM (Dry Ablution)
Before entering a Mosque for prayer or handling the Qu'ran, Muslims perform a ritual washing which is called Wudu also known as ablution; a cleansing of the body using water.
Muslims perform wudu to be physically and spiritually clean before Allah. It is a mental preparation for the Salat prayer. It is a requirement for a Muslim to maintain good spiritual and physical hygeine for Allah according to the Prophet Muhammad who had once said, "Cleanliness is half of faith."
Wudu can be done in any place as long as it is clean and water is available.
HOW WUDU IS PERFORMED
Before the cleansing, the Muslim must make Niyyah which is intention in their heart to remind themselves that this is performed to prepare themselves for prayer. Then they say Bismillah which means 'in the name of Allah'.
Hands are washed up to the wrists. This is done 3x
Mouth is rinsed out with water using the right hand. This is done 3x
Face is washed 3x
Arms are washed up till the elbows. Done 3x
The head is lightly wiped or rubbed with wet hands and this is done once
The ears are to be cleaned with the index fingers and the back of the ears are to be cleaned with thumbs. This is done once.
The back of the neck is wiped once.
Then the feet are washed up to the ankles. Done 3x
Lastly, after the washing is finished, the Muslim recites a brief prayer: "Ashhadu alla ilaha illallahu, wa ash-hadu anna muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu" which means: "I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone,and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger."
Ghusl is the bathing of the whole body. For the same reason as Wudu, Ghusl is required for performing Salah in the following situations:
Janabah (major ritual impurities): The discharge of seminal secretions or sexual intercourse
At the end of a menstrual period.
At the end of postpartum bleeding.
Firstly, one must make Niyyah, make Wudu, wash the head including the hair, wash the right side of your body from the shoulder to the foot three times, and finally wash the left side of the body.
If water is unavailable, the Muslim may perform Tayammum which translates to dry ablution. This is the cleansing procedure that replaces water with sand or dust.
It may be performed when:
1. If no water is found or amount is too less
2. No access to water
3. Water is being saved for later use.
4. Person is too ill and cannot use water
5. Use of water is likely to do harm, worsen illness or delay the cure
Adhan is known as the Islamic call to prayer. It is most lyrical prayer for Muslims. Its compelling sound is amplified by the skill of the person who recites it: The more melodius and clear the voice, the more powerful the adhan is.
* In the Qur'an, Allah says: "When My servants ask about Me, I am indeed close to them. I listen to the prayer of every supplicant, when he calls on Me. Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me, so that they may walk in the right way" (Qur'an 2:186).
* The word du'a in Arabic means "calling" - the act of remembering Allah and calling upon Him.
* Aside from the daily prayers, Muslims are encouraged to call upon Allah for forgiveness, guidance, and strength throughout the day. Muslims can make these personal supplications or prayers (du'a) in their own words, in any language
* Muslims believe that Allah is Merciful and Forgiving, and that only Allah can forgive sins.
* All human beings make mistakes, and all that is needed is to recognize the error, rectify it, and seek forgiveness for it. Muslims may ask forgiveness using any words in any language, but these personal prayers (du'a) from Islamic tradition are most common.
* When reciting du'a with several repetitions, Muslims often use prayer beads to keep track of the number of repetitions. Many simple phrases can be repeated to seek Allah's forgiveness.
THE CONCEPT OF PRAYER
• Submission and obedience are the only ways to please Allah.
• Muslim enjoys serving Allah, and this means that he enjoys obeying and praising Him through an extensive tradition of prayer.
• Muslims recites certain prayers out of religious obligation. But it is also true that he does so with joyous intensity.
• Muslim prayer is built on the fundamental intention to obey and honor Allah.
• Prayer holds elements of fear and reverence before Allah. But the Muslim trusts that Allah will be merciful and generous to those who come to Him with mindful, good intention.
PRACTICE OF PRAYER
• Involves a variety of forms and techniques.
• There is certainly a strong fixed prayer tradition. Some fixed prayers are said under obligation, while others are chosen at a person’s own discretion perhaps regularly, perhaps in a moment of joy or sorrow.
• In addition, personal requests might arise spontaneously and be spoken freely to Allah. Attentive reading and recitation of sacred texts is yet another practice of prayer in Islam.
• The fixed, obligatory prayer repertoires are referred to as salat.
• As mentioned previously, they are traditionally conducted five times a day. These prayer rites involve not only reciting praise and thanks to Allah, but also expressing submission to Him through gestures and prostrations.
• Islam teaches that Allah is all-present and that He sees and knows every occurrence and thought
• Muslims make an effort to remember His presence throughout the day. One way of this is to practice additional personal prayer, whether it takes the form of meditative sayings or petitions to Allah composed in the moment.
• Therefore, nonobligatory prayer is important for bringing the Muslim into constant mindfulness of Allah.
• Personal nonobligatory fixed prayers of praise and thanksgiving fall under the title of dhikr. Dhikr involves repetition aloud or mental of certain phrases or words.
• Many of the traditional dhikr prayers are in Arabic, but it is not considered a wrongdoing for the worshipper to recite personal prayers in his/her native tongue.
OBLIGATORY AND NONOBLIGATORY PRAYER
Obligatory Prayer are the prayers discussed in this section said prior or during the obligatory prayer rite known as salat.
Nonobligatory Prayer are those:
After an obligatory prayer ritual, many Muslims perform further prayers.
Many Muslims carry out personally designed prayer sessions, regular or over the course of the day.
Personal prayers may be repeated phrases endeavouring to praise Allah prayers of petition.
• Muslims believe that Friday is the judgment day, extra prayer is also (usually said in mosk)
• Salaat-ul-Jumma or Friday Prayer is offered in congregation.
• Each week on Friday, Muslims are required to take a bath, dress in their best clean clothes, assemble in the mosque for Friday Prayer. (not a mandatory prayer but quite different from everyday prayer that is why it takes place usually in a mosk unless, someone in the house hold knows how to properly perform it)
• If a Muslim spends Friday in the remembrance of God Almighty, supplicating before his Lord, he is abundantly rewarded by Allah.
• In a large city, Friday Prayer can be offered in more than one place for the convenience of the Muslim community. It gives them an opportunity to meet together to discuss and solve their individual as well as community problems.
• Getting together once a week develops unity, co-operation and cohesiveness among Muslims. Friday Prayer is also a demonstration of Islamic equality.
• It gives the Imam (leader of the congregation) a chance to advise all Muslims at the same time on urgent matters that face them.
• The Imam's sermon gives them guidance in Islamic teachings. Friday Prayer is a Prayer mainly acknowledge by adult male Muslim. However, those who are sick, blind or disabled, those on a journey, and women, are exempt from the obligation of attending the Prayer at the mosque.
• They can join in the Prayer if they so wish, but if they cannot attend the Friday Prayer, they can offer Zhuhr Prayer instead, as the Friday Prayer is offered in place of Zhuhr Prayer.
FRIDAY PRAYER CONT.
• The sermon consists of two parts.: Imam, after the recitation of Att'-awwuz and Sura Fatiha, advises the gathering to act upon the commandments of Allah and also about the duties they have to perform to become good Muslims.
• The sermon can also deal with any other matter of importance.
• Muslims must listen to the sermon attentively. Any type of conversation during the sermon is prohibited. After the Imam has delivered the second part of the sermon, the Iqamah is recited and the Imam leads the congregational two Raka'at of Jummah Prayer.
• The Imam should recite Sura Fatiha and some verses of the Holy Quran in a loud voice during the Jummah Prayer.
• If a person is late for Friday Prayer and joins the congregation in the final Qa'dah, he should complete his Prayer individually after the Imam has finished leading the Prayer.