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Anthropology

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by

Fernando Osorio

on 15 February 2015

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Transcript of Anthropology

o Historical background: It emerged in the 19th Century
o Period: XIX Century
o Postulates: That the history of human society has developed progressively through time.
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Edward B. Tylor, ‘General Anthropology’.

What is anthropology?
Anthropology
Evolutionist School.
o Historical background: It emerged as a reaction to prevailing evolutionary ideas.
o Period: 20th Century
o Postulates: To emphasize particular aspect of history of cultures.
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Franz Boas.

Historical Particularism
o Historical background: This currented emerged as a reaction to the evolutionism ideas.
o Period: 19th Century
o Postulates: It says that cultures adopt their elements by imitation others.
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Fritz Graebner and Wilhelm Schmidt.

Diffusionism
o Historical background: It emerged in England.
o Period: -
o Postulates: To describe the functions of the customs and institutions for the society studied
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Bronislaw Malinowski

Functionalism
o Historical background: Emerged in United States
o Period: 1930s
o Postulates: it emphasized the cultural molding of the personality and focused on the development of the individual.
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict.
Culture and personality
Anthropology.
By: Fernando Osorio
Carlos Escutia

It can be described as the study of humans and their life styles through the history.
We will see next, the theories that anthropology has.
NeoEvolutionism
o Historical background: It developed in after the Second World War
o Period: 1930s
o Postulates: Tries to explain the evolution of societies by drawing on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and discarding some dogmas of the previous social evolutionism.
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Leslie A. White


French Structuralism
o Historical background: Emerged in France in the 1950s
o Period: 1950
o Postulates: Believes that things cannot be understood in isolation
o Main representatives and their most important texts: Levi-Straus.

Conclusion

It is always important to know that anthropology can helps us explain a lot of the styles of living of humans, even something as usual as a tradition that everyone does in daily life indeed. Know that anthropology can explain this kind of things, we can live our lives more easily as we now comprehend why we do what we do.
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