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Transcript of WH- Questions
predicate WH-Questions Notice the fundamental difference between of th the two previous example questions. The derivation of the first one is straightforward. Since it is the subject is being queried, and since the subject is already in initial pisition in asentence, only the rules to copy subject person and number on tense, and morphology are needed to derive the surface structure. Who wrote a memo to his boss before he quit ? output of base: who -past write a memo to his boss before he -past quit.
copy s/ t: who -past [+3,+sg] write a memo to his boss before he -past [+3, +sg] quit.
morphology: Who wrote a memo to his boss before he quit ? Here it is a different story with the second question, where it is the object NP that is being queried. In this tree, we see that the information gap is in the predicate; thus the wh- question word is not in the position it normally occupies in English. In order, to deal with this matter, we will have to move the wh- question word to the front of the sentence. Applying the derivation rule of wh- fronting. S' S sm Q-wh SUBJ PRED NP N What Lee AUX T -past VP AdvI V NP write Ø PrepP PreP. NP to det N his boss AdvIØØ AdvI CI Adv sub S before SUBJ PRED NP AUX VP pro T V he -past quit +3 +sg wh - fronung AUX S sm s' Q-wh SUBJ PRED NP N Lee What T -past
+sg VP V VP write Ø do operator
addition AdvI PreP Prep NP to det N his boss AdvI AdvI CI adv sub S before SUBJ PRED NP pro he AUX VP T V -past
+sg quit S Then, subject and operator can be inverted sm Q- wh S' SUBJ PRED NP N Lee What- Past do AUX Ø VP V NP write Ø AdvI PreP Prep NP to det N his boss AdvI AdvI CI adv sub S before SUBJ PRED NP pro he AUX VP T V -past
+sg quit Jae Yah YOU CAN DO ALL THINGS THROUGH HIM! ^-^