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La Gran Colombia
Transcript of La Gran Colombia
The Creation of the New Nation
To create the "Gran Colombia", Bolívar needed the territories to be independent, so he started is military campaign.
Colombia won his independence on 1819 with the Battle of El puente de Boyacá
Venezuela won his independence on 1821 with the Battle of Carabobo
Ecuador won his independence on 1822 with the Battle of Pichincha
A new Constitution
The constitution of the new nation was done in Cúcuta in May of 1821 and this reunion was known as "El congreso de Cúcuta"
Simón Bolívar was chosen as president
Francisco de Paula Santander was chosen as vice-president
State was divided into 3 branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial
New nation was going to be centralist
People had freedom of speech and religion
Sons of slaves were free once they turned 18 years old.
Bogotá was the capital of the Nation
Men over 21 could vote
How was the evolution of la Gran Colombia?
Politics: Communication with the capital (Bogotá) was very difficult so governing this vast (enormous) territory was almost imposible. That's why many leaders arose from different regions motivating SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS (Political movements that fought for a separation from La Gran Colombia)
Economy: Simón Bolívar and his army spent a lot of time in war fighting for the independence; that left the new nation with a lot of debts with England. Aside from that, most of the working men were involved in war, so agricultural production or mining were almost abandoned. The new nation wasn't producing enoght resources to survive.
Social: The cultural and geographical differences between the people of la Gran Colombia made it very difficult for them to feel as part of the same nation. This all got worst with the fights between Centralist and Federalists
Centralists vs Federalists
One central and unique government
Congress will create the laws for all the nation
All provinces of the country will be unified under the same rules
Creation of only one national army.
End of "La Gran Colombia":
Santander vs Bolívar.
Simon Bólivar and Santander had many disagreements with the way a nation should be govern: Bolívar was Centralist and Santander, Federalist.
In 1826 Bolívar wanted to change the constitution:
President should stay in charge until his death
Constitution stengthen centralism
Santander and his followers voted against Bolívar.
Venezuela and Ecuador separate from la Gran Colombia:
José Antonio Páez: leader of Separatist movement of Venezuela, is able to achieve the separation of his nation in 1829
Juan José Florez:leader of Separatist movement of Ecuador, is able to achieve the separation of his nation in 1830
Bolívar leaves the Government in the hands of Rafaél Urdaneta (second president of Colombia)
La Gran Colombia
1819-1830 (Nueva Granada, Venezuela and Ecuador)
The Gran Colombia was founded on 1819 by Simón Bolívar in the city of Angostura.
Bolívar unified these territories to make sure that the new country could be economicaly competitive and independent from Europe (Enough resources to produce what they needed and sell to other nations)
Battle of Carabobo
Creation of governments in the provinces in which the central government doesn't have much power
Povincial congresses to dictate the laws for each province
Each province has it's own constitution
Armies for each province.