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IOM Presentation - Iraq by Salah G. Hamed

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Salah Hamed

on 10 July 2014

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Transcript of IOM Presentation - Iraq by Salah G. Hamed





Conclusions
Recommendations
Survey Background
Methodology
What would attract you to return?
Have you ever seriously considered migration?
Why do you want to leave Iraq?
Why do you no longer consider migration?
Where do you want to leave to and why?
Are you aware of their immigration rules?
Who supports your migration, how and why?
What improvements would keep you in Iraq?
Perceptions on migration - how do people leave Iraq?
Why do people leave irregularly and how much do people pay for it?
Life in the UK - what do you expect in your new country?
Would you return to Iraq/UK?
Questions
Most migrants have little to no knowledge of the destination country
Migration is more popular in Baghdad and Basra than the North
Potential migrants want to be safe, employed and socially free
Money, family and security were the main reasons why people stayed in Iraq
Most potential migrants just want to leave Iraq regardless of destination country
Families in Sulemanya were the least supportive of migration
Smuggling is perceived as the main irregular way of leaving
Improvements in job opportunities would reduce people’s desire to migrate
Irregular migration is cheaper, easier and faster, but above all it is possible
Expectations are very different to reality
Although return is unpopular, once returned many
do not want to go back to the host country
Returnees feel they need more support
Most returnees expressed dissatisfaction with all aspects of their return and reintegration support, but mostly would not attempt irregular migration again.
Conclusions
Recommendations
Questions?
Many youth are frustrated with the lack of adequate employment and social freedoms and feel distrustful towards authority. These are particularly prevalent in the KRG and are the major push factors in their desire to migrate.
Knowledge of migration is well spread but not well informed. Many people have anecdotal evidence of migration successes and failures and not the reasons or circumstances around them.
Irregular migration is a common and relatively well understood part of the migration dynamics and most people, especially in the KRG, have some information about it.
Smugglers seem easily accessible and smuggling people out of Iraq is very simple.
Those irregular migrants who make it to the UK suffer from being stuck in limbo during asylum claims and challenges. Without status life is difficult especially when leaving family in Iraq. Anecdotally, many are forced to work illegally.
Return without status is generally seen as failure by the migrants, their families and communities.
• The Government of Iraq must continue to recognise the importance of migration in future planning.
• There needs to be a better understanding of the needs of young people in Iraq, their motivations and the actions taken to support their aspirations.
• In the UK and Iraq more accurate and independent information on regular and irregular migration must be disseminated.
• The northern border of Iraq is very easy to cross and must be secured more effectively.
• Returnee packages need to be better designed, better understood and better evaluated.
• The Iraqi diaspora has a key role to play.
• In the UK and Iraq more accurate and independent information on regular and irregular migration must be disseminated.
• The northern border of Iraq is very easy to cross and must be secured more effectively.
• The Government of Iraq must continue to work with regional and European countries to develop a mature migration relationship.
“UK citizenship is the only thing that would attract me to return.” FGD, Irregular migrants, Brighton, UK
“I would not go back for the sake of a secured job there because I know that the amount of work I do here will be paid much better than if I did the same in Kurdistan. Also, being legalised in this country secures you are safe if anything goes wrong, while I’m in Kurdistan, I can leave when I want.” FGD, Irregular migrants, Birmingham, UK
“The government must provide employment and housing and the possibility of returning to study and open social projects for them.” FGD, Returnees Dahouk.
“If the British and Kurdish governments establish a guaranteed scheme granting the returnees jobs, I believe many would make the choice to return. People want to work and provide for their lives. If they are given jobs somewhere else than where they are, they will go there.”
Dr Janroj Keles. UK
"KRG has good plans for youth but it’s not enough and basically just to decrease illegal migration. For example we have a loans project for youth. We give them money but we don’t give them vision. We give them 15.000.000 IQD but they say I will make a small business and with the other part I can get marry with or buy a car.”
Key informant, Erbil.
“If we as a government cooperate with organizations like IOM to send people in groups to these countries to see their cultures whilst also promoting projects for youth in IT, sports, education, media and sport centers for youth this will lead to an educated generation who will want to stay.”
Lewzha Jalal, Ministry of Culture
1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2013
2600 Surveyed by questionnaire in Iraq
FCO-IOM Conference- Baghdad
Full transcript