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Research Prezi

Public Perceptions of Nursing Roles

Ayesha Walden

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Research Prezi

Results Research Our Project (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Methods Surveys Findings Public's Perception About Nurses Research Problem Collection & Analysis Jacob Childs, Sarineh Davoudian, Corey Folse, Joudan Leiro and Ayesha Walden Sample Size Qualitative Study
2 Average Americans w/no experience
2 Registered Nurses
3 Doctors
Most Los Angeles residents, 1 was from Oregon
Age range: 21-62
Socioeconomic status: Middle income americans Framework Survey Questionnaire Variables: None Due to Qualitative Study Ethical Consideration:
Ethical Committee Approval was obtained

Research was approved by Professor Jocson

Respect to all participants

No ethical issues References Misconceptions about nurses
Nurses are all females
Nurses are failed doctors
Nurses don't get paid well
Male nurses are not as respected
Unclear about the nurse's role To explore the perceptions people have of nurses.

Understand the public's perception of the nurse's role.

Important for nurses to understand perceptions of the public to achieve their professional goal of quality nursing care.

Help educational institutes to establish professional curriculum. Ayesha Walden Joudan Leiro Corey Folse SarinehDavoudian The Hypothesis This is a qualitative study not a hypothesis testing.

The Public's Perceptions of the Role of a Nurse.

The Doctor's Perceptions of the Role of a Nurse.

The Nurse's Perceptions of the Role of a Nurse. 4 different interviewers
Nursing student is the interviewer leads to bias answers
One doctor is a relative of a nursing student which leads to bias answers
The sample size was small
Patient's perception perspective missing
Limited demographics
Concept was too broad Limitations Jacob Childs Interviews Consent Form Video Interviews Literature Review By Walden Made Research Purpose Data Analyzed: Walden Made researchers Used:
Interpretive techniques
Questionnaires to gather subjective information
Open-ended format
Incorporated perceptions and beliefs of our researchers & participants I, _____________ agree to participate in the research project “Public Perceptions About Nurses" conducted by Walden Made researchers. I understand that I will be recorded in a video and portions of the taped video interviews will be shown and our responses discussed in the classroom setting at West Coast University. I understand that these interviews will only be used for this research project.

I hereby relinquish any right that I may have to examine or approve the completed
Materials or their use(s) and from any claims.

I hereby affirm that I have read the above document and I fully understand its contents. This agreement shall be binding upon me and my heirs, legal representatives and assigns.

Dated: _______________
Signed: __________________ California,
Phone: ___________________
1. What is your, age, race, income, family and occupation?

2. When you hear the name “Nurse” what does that mean to you?

3. What do you think a nurse’s role is?

4. What influences your perception of a nurse?

5. How much education do you think a nurse has?

6. What is the first word that comes to mind, when you hear the word “Nurse”?

7. How much income do you think a nurse makes on an average?

8. What income do you think is fair for a nurse to earn?

9. Are male nurses as respected or accepted by patients or by doctors?

10. There’s a misconception that “Nurses are failed doctors.” How do you feel about that statement? Public’s Perception of Nursing: Survey Questionnaire Recommend Consensus among all 3 groups that nursing is a completely different profession from that of a doctor.
Consensus that nursing is a highly respected field.
Nurses role requires great discipline, responsibility and education.
Mixed reaction concerning respect for male nurses.
The nurse's role equates higher salaries.
Their role is defined as caring, compassionate life saving individuals with a great deal of responsibility. Conclusion Conclusion Our Perception of the Nurse's Role Further studies should be conducted.
Perceptions of nursing roles in different aspects of nursing care. Sample 3 Doctors 2 Average Americans 2 Nurses Filipino
35 years old
NICU for 10 years
Location: Panera Bread in Simi Valley, California
Time: 120 minutes
25 years old
NICU for 3 years
Location: Barnes & Noble in Woodland Hills, California
Time: 60 minutes Caucasian American
45 years old
DPT at St. Charles Hospital for 15 years
Location: Her office in Bend, Oregon
Time Spent: 40 Minutes
62 years old
Chiropractor for 30 years
Location: His office in Chatsworth, California
Time Spent: 45 minutes Male Doctor Female Doctor Female Registered Nurse Male Registered Nurse Average Male Caucasian American
21 years old
Student at MUDD Makeup Academy
Location: Sycamore Park in Simi Valley, California
Time Spent: 30 minutes Average Female Caucasian American
31 years old
Dental Hygienist for 4 years
Location: Runyon Canyon in Studio City, California
Time Spent: 45 minutes 1. What is your, age, race, income, family and occupation?

2. When you hear the name “Nurse” what does that mean to you?

3. What do you think a nurse’s role is?

4. What influences your perception of a nurse?

5. How much education do you think a nurse has? Questions 6. What is the first word that comes to mind, when you hear the word “Nurse”?

7. How much income do you think a nurse makes on an average?

8. What income do you think is fair for a nurse to earn?

9. Are male nurses as respected or accepted by patients or by doctors?

10. There’s a misconception that “Nurses are failed doctors.” How do you feel about that statement? Questions Framework Limitations Strengths xceptional Research Team
xtraordinary Interviews
xcellent Sample Participants
mpirical Results Identified Themes E Data Transcribed the video taped interviews verbatim to a word document.
Side by side comparison.
Reviewed the transcripts and observed for themes & differences in the participant's responses.
This lead us to our findings and ultimately, our conclusion. Analyzed Data Public's Perception on Nursing Careers
(Donelan, Buerhaus, DesRoches, Dittus, & Dutwin, 2008). Students’ Perceptions of Effective and Ineffective
Clinical Instructors
(Tang, Chou & Chiang, 2005) Registered Nurses' Perception
of Nursing
(Buerhaus, Donelan, Ulrich, Kirby, & al, e. 2005). Studies of nursing roles can help define roles as a profession.
Help schools identify learning needs or specialties.
Help nurses understand public's perspective.
Nurses can apply EBP with a caring approach. Nursing Implications Qualitative Study Phenomenology Design To describe, explore, and explain phenomena being studied.

To have a better understanding of a phenomenon and gain new perspectives.

To collect and explore in-depth information that can’t be conveyed quantitatively.
Emphasizes on each person's unique subjective experience
Inductive approach
A semi-structured interview
Used a survey that contained 10 open-ended questions
Constant comparison were made Bonnie, M. J., & Loan, L. A. (2001). Misconceptions among nurses about evidence-based practice. Journal
of Nursing Scholarship, 33(2), 121-7. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/236442660?accountid=35996

Buerhaus, P. I., Donelan, K., Ulrich, B. T., Kirby, L., & al, e. (2005). Registered nurses' perceptions of
nursing. Nursing Economics, 23(3), 110-8, 143, 107. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/236937487?accountid=35996

Donelan, K., Buerhaus, P., DesRoches, C., Dittus, R., & Dutwin, D. Public perceptions of nursing careers:
The influence of the media and nursing shortages. (2008, July-August). Nephrology Nursing Journal, 35(4), 431. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA184851979&v=2.1&u=lirn_crevc&it=r&p=EAIM&sw=w

Halfer, D., & Graf, E. (2006). Graduate nurse perceptions of the work experience. Nursing Economics, 24(3),
150-5, 123. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/236937968?accountid=35996

Heyman, I. (2012, Challenging misconceptions about mental health nursing. Nursing Times, 108, 16-7.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1033745411?accountid=35996

Lakeman, R. (n.d.). Remembering Hildegard Peplau. Reterieved from

Raymond, J. (2008, May 08). School nurses in state overcome misconceptions. McClatchy - Tribune Business
News. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/465246164?accountid=35996

Tang, F., Chou, S., & Chiang, H. (2005). Students' perceptions of effective and ineffective clinical instructors.
Journal of Nursing Education, 44(4), 187-192. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/203931594?accountid=35996

The American Society of Registered Nurses. (2007, December 1). The real public perceptions of nurses.
Journal of Nursing. Retrieved from http://www.asrn.org/journal-nursing/249-the-real-public-perception-of-nurses.html Published in 1952

Peplau’s theory focuses on the interpersonal processes and therapeutic relationship that develops between the nurse and client.

It includes the nurse- client relationship, communication, pattern integration and the roles of the nurse.

Theory stressed the importance of nurses’ ability to understand own behavior to help others identify perceived difficulties.

Peplau died on March 17th 1999 at age of 89. Hildegard Peplau Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Purposive sample Male Doctor Caucasian American
50 years old
Plastic Surgeon for 13 years
Location: His office in Beverly Hills, California
Time Spent: 50 minutes Quantitative Study
Conclusion: While majority of RNs would recommend a career in nursing, fewer than half of RNs agreed it is a good career for those seeking RESPECT in their career. Quantitative Study
Conclusion: The national survey of the public about nursing demonstrate that the nursing profession is highly RESPECTED and that the vast majority of the general public would recommend nursing careers to qualified students. Quantitative Study
Conclusion: It is a teacher’s ATTITUDE toward students, rather than the teacher’s professional ability, that is the crucial factor in whether the teacher is effective or ineffective. Q2 Average Person Response
Comforter, caretaker, sexy outfit and role play
Nurses Response
Angels that save lives
A profession that consists of science and caring
Doctors Response
A medical Assistant
Someone willing to help a patient
Responsibility and compassion Q3 Average Person Response
To provide quality care to the patient.
To ensure comfort.

Nurses Response
Nurse’s role is to give comfort. To be a patient advocate, manager and educator.
Primarily to be an advocate.

Doctors Response
The role is diverse and depends where the nurse works.
Not sure, and thought nurses just gave medication.
Patient medication administration, ADLs, communication and teaching. Q5 Average Person Response
A lot of grueling hours of schooling
2 years

Nurses Response
Depends on their title, BSN, MSN, PHD or DON- many years of schooling.
Registered nurse has 2 years of schooling and a BSN has 4 years and if you have a masters or doctorate can be 8 to 10 years.

Doctors Response
I think it’s 4 years for your bachelors
I know it’s 4 years
I know it's 4 years Q6 Average Person Response
Nurses Response
Life saver
Doctors Response
Responsibility Q7 Average Person Response
75,000 per year
70 -100,000 per year

Nurses Response
"There is no price tag to saving lives"
Depends on the years experience can be about 100, 000.

Doctors Response
Maybe 60-70,000 per year
Depends on what field they’re in, an administration can have an income well over 100,000 a year. Nurses in hospitals on patient floors can make 60-70,000 per year.
60-70,000 per year Q9 Average Person Response
Now they are
Aren't as respected and can’t be as comforting as a female nurse.

Nurses Response
Patient’s think male nurses are doctors but when they’re in pain they want a female nurse because they are more caring.
To a point- doctors don't respect male nurses but they expect them to perform sometimes better than the female counterparts.

Doctors Response
Male nurses are respected.
Male nurses are not as respected. Look at the movie “Meet the Parents” and how Robert DeNiro reacted when Ben Stiller told him he was a male nurse.
Male nurses bring a different perspective and yes very respected. Q10 Average Person Response
Disagreed- felt nurses and doctors are two completely different professions.
Disagreed- nurses don’t want to be doctors because they want more direct relationship with the patient.

Nurses Response
There is some truth to it however felt that a nurse can make a great doctor but a doctor cannot make a great nurse.
It’s just two different fields for different types of people.

Doctors Response
Disagreed completely and never met a would be doctor that became a nurse.
Disagreed, doctors have a medical degree and nurses have nursing degrees. Breakdown Nurses felt a sense of pride and were impassioned and emotional about their role as a nurse.
Nurses seem to be overwhelmed by their role and responsibilities.
Income did not matter to the nurses, "There is no price tag to saving lives."
Nurses view themselves as a patient advocate and caretaker but also as an educated professional.
Nurses did not feel as respected by the physicians.
Doctors (except female doctor)did not understand the complexity of the nurse's role but still felt they deserved higher incomes.
Public perception of nursing is one of respect and a lot of responsibilities, which is at odds with the doctors perception of a nurse as a "Medical assistant."
There is a disconnect in nurse/doctor relationship (old mind set of nurses) One objective interviewer who is not part of the study to conduct the interviews.
There should not be any participants that have any relations to the researchers.
Needed patient's perspective.
Funnel down and focus on a clinical specialty.
To conduct interviews in a quiet place.
Research studies are not easy and require a great deal of discipline, commitment and accuracy of details. What We Learned...
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