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CELLS

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by

Sofia H

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of CELLS

Cytoplasm contains the cytoskeleton, which supports and shapes a eukaryotic cell.
CELLS
Topic
A cell is the basic building block of life. Cells are composed of organelles, structures of a cell that act as specialized organs. Each of these little organelles work together to help the cell function.
In Both


cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
chromatin
golgi apparatus
mitochondria
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
rough endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
vacuoles

Animal Cell
centrioles
centrosomes
lysosome

Animal Cell Diagram
Plant Cell Diagram
provides support and protection of plant cells;

The cell wall is like the foundation and wall of a house.

Cell wall
food producers of plant cells

The chloroplasts are like solar panels because they take energy from the sun to produce power, or in this case, food.
Chloroplast
Vacuole
Cytoplasm
Plant Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Golgi Apparatus
cell wall
chloroplast
Mitochondrion
Cytoskeleton
controls movement of materials in/out of cell

A cell membrane is like a fence with a gate, because it protects the cell and regulates what goes in and out.
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Smooth ER
consists of all organelles inside the cell

Cytoplasm is like fruit jello in a cup, because it provides support and holds the fruit in place.
control center of the cell

The nucleus is like a person's brain, because it controls all actions of the body.
center of nucleus , composed of proteins and RNA

The nucleolus is like the capitol building. It is the main building in the main city.
Vesicles
combination of DNA and proteins in the cell

The chromatin is like a library because it holds the information of a cell.
central to the transport and modification of proteins within the cell
The golgi apparatus is like a post office, because it ships mail like the golgi apparatus ships proteins.

Cell Membrane
provides power to the cell

The mitochondria is like a power plant that gives energy to an entire city.
Golgi
Apparatus
Vesicle
functions as a packaging system

The smooth ER is like a factory or processing plant, that produces things needed for the cell, like certain hormones.
Mitochondria
Makes proteins

The rough ER is like an assembly line that assembles proteins.
Lysosome
storage center for the cell

The vacuole is like a locker, because it stores things for the cell, like a locker stores books for a student.
Smooth ER
Rough ER
help the cell when it is time to divide

A centriole is like a straw because it lets things get from one end to the other end.
main microtubule organizing center

A centrosome is like a library because it organizes the microtubules like a library organizes books
Cytoplasm
cell's digestive system

A lysosome is like a garbage truck because it gets rid of the waste in a cell.
Ribosome
Nucleus
Nucleolus
works to translate RNA into proteins.

Ribosomes are like the workers of a factory, because they each have the same job, translating RNA into proteins.
THE END
Centrosome
Centriole
The nucleus can be broken down into these parts:
nuclear pores-openings in nuclear envelope through which materials must pass
nuclear envelope-controls what goes in an out of nucleus
chromatin-mass of genetic material composed of DNA
Also found in the cytoplasm are microtubules and microfilaments.
Microtubules: fibrous, hollow rods that help support and shape the cell
Microfilaments: thin filament maintaining cell's structural integrity
Cytoskeleton
Vacuole
Full transcript