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Transcript of ZHOU dynasty
Healing methods & technology
Zhou dynasty location
The highlighted region was the location of the Zhou dynasty.
Decline of the Power
The king was lighting warming fires to entertain one of his friends. Every time he lit the fire the armies would rush to the capital to protect the king. Soon, they found out that the king wasn't really in danger. So, when the king was really in danger the armies didnt come. Zhou lost the battle but the dynasty still survived. When the Zhou lost the battle, the lords began to fight and soon after the dynasty lost power.
The Political side
Their Social Hiearchy was confusian.
King-led to the government and gave land to lords.
Lords and warriors- lords paid taxes to the king and provided warriors to protect his lands.
Peasants- Farmed the noble lands.
by: taleya, Maddie, Sarah, nakia, and bryson
The Zhou dynasty began in 1100's and ended in the 250 B.C.
The Zhou Dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty. The Zhou Dynasty also over threw the Shang Dynasty.
Ruled ancient china from 1045 B.C. to 256 B.C.
The most popular piece of literature was called the "
Book of Songs"
Accupuncture- involves pricking the skin/tissue with needles
Moxibustion- burning of moka on or near a persons skin.
Perfected bronze casting, gold and silver inlays.
How the government worked
The early leaders of the Zhou Dynasty introduced the idea called "Mandate of Heaven". Mandate of Heaven was the concept that taught that the leaders of the dynasty gained their power to rule from the gods. Everyone had then believed that when the Zhou overthrew the Shang Dynasty, it was because the Shang had become tyrants and the gods allowed them to fall. The government of the Zhou was based on the feudal system. The emperor divided the land into fiefs that were usually ruled by his relatives. The nobles who ruled the fiefs basically owned the farmers who worked their lands.
Who was in power and who ruled
Warring States Period
Around 1046 BC, King Wu, the leader of the Zhou (Chou), a subject people living
in the west of the Chinese kingdom, overthrew the last king of the Shang Dynasty. King
Wu died shortly after this victory, but his family, the Ji, would rule China for the next few
centuries. After his death, KingWu was succeeded by his son Cheng, but power remained
in the hands of a regent, the Duke of Zhou.
Roles of Women and children
Women- Were usually married, and were excpected to run household, raising the children. Women made the houses (yurts).The majority of women would have belonged to the peasant class, and would probably have been expected to work in the fields, tend livestock etc, as well as raising the children, cooking, spinning and weaving and sewing etc.
Children-The roles of children would also have varied depending on their class. Peasant children would be expected to help out in the fields when they were old enough. The children of artisans and craftsmen would probably be taught their father's trade when they were old enough. Children of better families might have gone to school, or been educated at home by tutors.
Who made the laws
Kings and rulers of the Zhou dynasty
Silk-The Zhou were the first to gather silk from silkworms by feeding them mulberry leaves. It became China's largest industry and biggest export.
Iron Tools-Iron tools eventually beat bronze weapons because they were cheaper and better for war. Iron became widespread and an important feature to everyday life.
Copper coins- Copper was the first metal used for coin money and the first the Zhou used.
Chariot- The Zhou used chariots specifically for war times. The chariots could carry up to 3 people.
This period began around 475 BC and lasted up until the end of the Zhou dynasty in 221 BC. There were seven major states left in the empire. It was clear that they would fight each other until only one was left. At the end of this period the leader of the Qin state, Qin Shi Huang, conquered the other six states and crowned himself as the first emperor of a united China.
THE eCONOMICAL SIDE
The types of jobs people had in the Zhou dynasty were Iron workers,Crafts men, Vendors, Government Officials, and Warriors.
Types of jobs
Goods people bought and sold
The goods people bought were wheat, rice, fruit, iron, and claypots. People of the Zhou dynasty sold the same things that they bought.
The most valuable item of trade of the Zhou dynasty was the plow, but they also traded silk, and iron. The Zhou dynasty traded but there was ver little of it.
The early rulers of the Zhou Dynasty issued or enforced laws. The earliest document on law in China that is generally regarded as authentic is the Kang Gao, a set of instructions issued by King Wu of Zhou to a younger prince for the government of a fief. The Kang Gao is a chapter of the Book of Documents.
How the power was transferred
發 Fa 周武王 King Wu of Zhou 1046–1043 BC
誦 Song 周成王 King Cheng of Zhou 1042–1021 BC
釗 Zhao 周康王 King Kang of Zhou 1020–996 BC
瑕 Xia 周昭王 King Zhao of Zhou 995–977 BC
滿 Man 周穆王 King Mu of Zhou 976–922 BC
繄扈 Yihu 周共王/周龔王 King Gong of Zhou 922–900 BC
囏 Jian 周懿王 King Yi of Zhou 899–892 BC
辟方 Pifang 周孝王 King Xiao of Zhou 891–886 BC
燮 Xie 周夷王 King Yi of Zhou 885–878 BC
胡 Hu 周厲王/周剌王 King Li of Zhou 877–841 BC
共和 Gonghe Regency 841–828 BC
靜 Jing 周宣王 King Xuan of Zhou 827–782 BC
宮湦 Gongsheng 周幽王 King You of Zhou 781–771 BC
End of Western Zhou / Beginning of Eastern Zhou
宜臼 Yijiu 周平王 King Ping of Zhou 770–720 BC
林 Lin 周桓王 King Huan of Zhou 719–697 BC
佗 Tuo 周莊王 King Zhuang of Zhou 696–682 BC
胡齊 Huqi 周釐王 King Xi of Zhou 681–677 BC
閬 Lang 周惠王 King Hui of Zhou 676–652 BC
鄭 Zheng 周襄王 King Xiang of Zhou 651–619 BC
壬臣 Renchen 周頃王 King Qing of Zhou 618–613 BC
班 Ban 周匡王 King Kuang of Zhou 612–607 BC
瑜 Yu 周定王 King Ding of Zhou 606–586 BC
夷 Yi 周簡王 King Jian of Zhou 585–572 BC
泄心 Xiexin 周靈王 King Ling of Zhou 571–545 BC
貴 Gui 周景王 King Jing of Zhou 544–521 BC
猛 Meng 周悼王 King Dao of Zhou 520 BC
丐 Gai 周敬王 King Jing of Zhou 519–476 BC
仁 Ren 周元王 King Yuan of Zhou 475–469 BC
介 Jie 周貞定王 King Zhending of Zhou 468–442 BC
去疾 Quji 周哀王 King Ai of Zhou 441 BC
叔 Shu 周思王 King Si of Zhou 441 BC
嵬 Wei 周考王 King Kao of Zhou 440–426 BC
午 Wu 周威烈王 King Weilie of Zhou 425–402 BC
驕 Jiao 周安王 King An of Zhou 401–376 BC
喜 Xi 周烈王 King Lie of Zhou 375–369 BC
扁 Bian 周顯王 King Xian of Zhou 368–321 BC
定 Ding 周慎靚王 King Shenjing of Zhou 320–315 BC
延 Yan 周赧王 King Nan of Zhou 314–256 BC
There were about 39 kings that ruled during the Zhou Dynasty.
Confucius was born in the chinese state of Lu during 551 BC. His parents were Shuliang He( father) and Yan Zhengzai(mother). Shuliang died when Confucius was 3.Confucius started working as a sheperd, cowherd, clerk and book keeper. While he was the age of 23 his mother died which led to 3 years of mourning. When he was 32 he began teaching the ancient rituals to a minister's sons. At age 33 he went to Lo-yang to study the customs and traditions of the Zhou Dynasty.At age 51 he was appointed Minister of Justice. Confucius had one child and it was Kong Li. Confucius was the most influential chinese teacher and a influential philosopher. One of his quotes is, " Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated." He also wrote the Analects which was a collection of his sayings and ideas.
Power was transferred through the family of the king. After the leader King Wu had a victory, he died his family ruled the dynasty and China for the next years. The power went throught his family and remained in the hands of the Duke of Zhou.
During the Spring and Autumn period, the feudal structure gradually crumbled. Aristocrats who lost their domains and status in interstate and intrastate conflicts fell from their privileged social positions, while those who proved themselves useful as soldiers, strategists, advisers, or administrators were promoted to higher positions. Economic development opened other channels of social mobility. Peasants who reclaimed land for themselves were not tied to the old feudal system. Wealth gathered by trade and production of marketable commodities provided merchants and craftsmen with social status. By the beginning of the Warring States period, this dramatic increase in social mobility had led to a reconstruction of society. Feudalism was dissolved and was replaced by an increasingly centralized government
slide by: Sarah Meek
slide by: Taleya Todd
slide by: Nakia Fullerton & Bryson O'brien
slide by: Nakia Fullerton
slide by: Taleya Todd
Art of the Zhou
Spring and Autumn period
Warring States Period
Drum Stand 5c
One of the major contributions the Zhou dynasty made for religion was the introduction of the ideas of a Chinese philosopher, Confucius. He started Confucianism, which was more of a guide to morality than a religion since it did not have a perspective on a life after death. Confucianism emphasizes sincerity in one's personal and public duty. Confucianism teaches men to be gentlemen-- men of good moral character, who are respected by their fathers and their ruler. A gentleman also must study continuously and practice self-examination. Confucianism also emphasizes the "Golden Rule" which states: " What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others." 1 This must also be followed by a gentleman. This kind of person would inspire those, he is superior to, to the same conduct.
3 main achievements
The Zhou dynasty contributed much for literature. It was one of the first dynasties to start collecting books including some famous works such as Chou-li (meaning Chou Rituals), which is a description of how the early Chou government was organized and the conduct of a gentleman. Another famous work is the Book of Documents, which is a history of the Chou dynasty.
The Zhou dynasty implemented field grid patterns, which promoted efficient use of the land and systematic irrigation allowing fields to be properly watered. Fertilization became common, as did crop rotation, which is allowing a field to lie fallow so that it can restore its lost nutrients. Animal-drawn plows and farm tools were advanced by producing these using iron which made plowing and cultivating more effective. These advances initiated a huge agricultural expansion, to the point where there was practically no more room for grazing animals. Hunting also turned from being a necessity to being a sport, as it was not needed as much due to the increases in agriculture.
ANCIENT STORIES OF THE zHOU
slide by: Sarah Meek
Daoism-Stressed living in harmony with the dao, the guiding force of all reality.
Laozi-Was the most famous Daoist teacher.
Legalism- The belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled.
Ethics- Moral values.
Confucianism- The ideas of confucius.
Lords- people of high rank.
Peasants-Farners with small farms.
Each winter a monster named Nian would enter the villiage and attack the people. The vilagers were scared and didnt know what to do. Then one year a wise old man figured out a plan. The next year Nian appeared they used fireworks and drums to make alot of noise. These noises scared off the monster and the monster fled into the hills.
The villagers celebrated the day they freed themselves from the monster. Each year they would light fireworks and celebrate their victory. This day became the start of the spring festival and The Chinese New Year.
The Dragon is a long snake-like creature with four legs each and long and dangerous claws. Some dragons are drawn with small wings, but they all have the magical power to fly. Dragons were thought to have power over water and weather. They can control Tornadoes, storms, the ocean, and floods.
The dragon was the power of emperor. His throne was even called the dragon throne. It was told the Yellow Emporer turned into a dragon and flew to heaven when he died.
slide by: Sarah Meek