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polio vaccine

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Leslie Rivera

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of polio vaccine

Polio Vaccine What is polio?
Poliomyelitis is a disease caused by a virus. This affects the central nervous system and spinal cord. The polio can cause paralysis (you can't move your legs and arms) or even death.
What is the polio vaccine?
It is a vaccine that protects you from getting the disease. The polio vaccine is also called IPV, is given in the leg or arm, depending on age.
This vaccine was dicovered by an American called
Dr. Jonas Salk and it was made public in April,1955.
This vaccine works by exposing you to a small dose of the bacteria or a protein from the bacteria, which causes the body to develop immunity to the disease. This vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body. Two types of polio vaccine are available: oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). After a few years, Albert Sabin, a Russian-born American virologist developed an oral vaccine . By the 1950’s, as many
as sixteen thousand individuals, most of them children, were being
paralyzed by the disease each year. The 32nd president of the United States Franklin Roosevelt contracted an illness believed by his physicians to be polio, which resulted in his total and permanent paralysis from the waist down.
After he became President, he helped to found the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (now known as the March of Dimes). His leadership in this organization is one reason he is commemorated on the dime.
In 2003, it was discovered that Roosevelt's paralytic illness was Guillain-Barré syndrome, not poliomyelitis.
The March of Dimes was founded to fight polio.
The mission of the March of Dimes is to improve the health of babies by preventing birth defects and infant mortality. Salk polio vaccine introduced 12 April 1995 In the first five months of 1959, ten million children in the Soviet Union received the Sabin oral vaccine. Albert Sabin received a medal in gratitude from the Russian government during the height of the cold war.
Because Salk vaccine was used so extensively in the United States, Sabin had to go overseas in the late 1950s to find people for his clinical trials, so he did it in the Soviet Union.
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