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Salem Witch Trials
Transcript of Salem Witch Trials
Salem Witch Trials
What is a Witch?
The Beginning of it All
Around late 1691, early 1692, the Salem Witch Trials begun.
There were no witches at all, but no one knew that at the time.
Common methods of execution for convicted witches were hanging, drowning and burning.
What is a Poppet?
The word poppet is an older spelling of puppet, meaning a small child or doll.
Poppet is also a British term of affection, especially for a young woman or girl.
A poppet is used in spell casting.
Who Was Bridget Bishop?
This is the gravestone of Bridget Bishop.
Bridget Bishop was the first to be found guilty of witchcraft.
She was hung in the following June.
Bridget was accused of bewitching five girls.
By Malia Gallagher (P5), Aarthi Sivasankar (P3), and Megan Paluzzi (P3)
Who Was Betty Parris?
This is a picture of Betty Parris.
Betty Parris was one of the main accusers in the Salem Witch Trials.
She was showing strange behaviors, like barking, screaming in the lord’s prayer, forgetting things, appearing to be preoccupied, and even threw a bible across the room once.
William Griggs diagnosed Betty of the “Evil Hand.” In other words, she was one that practices witchcraft.
Betty was 9 years old at the time of the trials.
A witch is someone that gave the devil permission to use their body to harm others.
Someone that is a witch signed “The Devil’s Book,” letting the devil take his or her shape on Earth.
So, in the Salem Witch Trials, people were accusing others of signing “The Devil’s Book,” which means (pun intended) that they were a witch.
Some accusing and Gallows Hill
In January 1692, the daughter and niece of Reverend Samuel Parris of Salem Village became ill.
When they didn't get better, the village doctor was called in.
His diagnosis of bewitchment started the forces that would result in the death of nineteen men and women.
The above picture shows one of the girls pointing their finger in court.
Stories/Tales of Bewitched People
One night, three girls tried to see the faces of their future husbands in an egg white dropped in a glass of water.
One of the girls thought that she saw the shape of a coffin.
After that, the girls started acting strangely, and they were suspected to be victims of witchcraft.
Salem Witch Court
In January 1693, the Superior Court began hearing the remaining cases.
Between January and May of 1693, many were found innocent and released or had charges dropped.
Everyone else who was found guilty was excused, and no more executions took place.
All kinds of evidence was used against suspected witches to prove they were evil.
They were accused of harming animals and making people sick.
Some even said they were pinching people as they slept, and even yelling at their husbands in public.
Effect after Bishop's Trial
After Bishop's trial, everything else followed quickly.
Over the course of five months, twenty-two guilty verdicts were returned.
Of the twenty-two, eighteen were executed following their trial.
A group of girls claimed that they were possessed by the devil.
After noticing these girls’ strange habits, many people were soon accused of being a witch.
If they had known what a silly thing it was, then people wouldn’t have been killed, imprisoned, or just accused.
It was not until 1000 AD that the practice of witches invoked Christianity.
Witches used two types of witchcraft, white and black. The two are completely opposite.
In this time, there were no “good witches” that we read about or watch in fantasy books or movies.
If you were accused of having a poppet in the witch trials, then you were considered a witch.
Poppets were used to aid a person through magic or help cast a spell on another person.
Voodoo Dolls arose from poppets.
Many people of the town believed she was a witch, and Bridget Bishop did not deny when a man named William Stacy said that she used witch craft to torment him.
Samuel Shattuck said that Bridget Bishop bewitched his child and struck his son with a spade.
People also testified that there were poppets in Bishop’s home.
This is a picture of a Venus Glass, which was used to tell the future.
Abigail, Betty's cousin and the other main accuser, and Betty experimented with fortune telling using a mirror called a “Venus Glass.”
Tituba was a woman that told girls stories of witches and was the first to be accused of being a witch by the 2 cousins. She confessed to witchcraft.
Between June and September of 1692, nineteen men and women were convicted of witchcraft.
All of them had to go to Gallow Hills for hanging themselves to death.
Gallows Hill is also known as Witch Hill or Witchcraft Hill.
Another interesting and key fun fact was that one of the men that went to Gallow Hills, at an age of over eighty years old, was pressed to death under heavy stones for refusing to submit to a trial on witchcraft charges.
A slave named Tituba claimed that she met a tall man from Boston. She said she was forced to sign a book, which had other names written in it.
That convinced the authorities that there must be other witches in Salem, besides the ones that had already been arrested.
In January 1697, the Massachusetts General Court declared a day of fasting for the tragedy of the Salem Witch Trials.
However, the damage to the community stayed.
The Massachusetts Colony even tried to restore the good names of the condemned, but it didn't work.
Ann Putnam accused a woman named Martha Corey of being a witch. An old woman named Rebecca Nurse was also accused.
Hundreds of people were arrested for witchcraft in the summer of 1692, and a lot of them admitted to it.
This was mostly because everyone who denied being a witch was executed.
However, these were not the first examples of executions for Witchcraft in New England.
The number of convictions caused in this particular Witchcraft had more than the others.
This caused one of the most famous events in American History.
Who was Abigail Williams?
This is a drawing of Abigail Williams, Betty's cousin and the other main accuser.
One time, Abigail accused 40 people of drinking blood in a ritual outside of the Parris house.
She usually said that people have tried to make her sign the devil's book or she saw their spirit separate from their bodies.
Abigail Williams was about the age of 11 or 12 during the trials. In some pop culture and fiction works, she is around the age of 17 or 18, like above.
She gave 7 formal testimonies during the trials, and was involved in many of the other cases.
Abigail and Betty accused Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osbourne of afflicting the 2 cousins and some other local girls.
Arthur Miller wrote a play based on the Salem Witch Trials called "The Crucible."
This play is a drama that has a few added stories that didn't actually happen, such as an affair between Abigail Williams and John Proctor.
It was a story that was meant to reveal a hidden meaning for what Senator Joseph McCarthy was doing to people around the 1950’s since he and his committee thought they were Communists.
This is a picture of Grafton High School's production of "The Crucible" in 2013.
It was initially called "The Chronicles of Sarah Good."
This play was written in 1953.
"Horror History: 8 Facts about the Salem Witch Trials." Examiner.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
"Salem Witch Trials." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
Lord, Bruce W. "Bruce Lord." Bellingham. 08 Nov. 2013. Speech.
"The Salem Witchcraft Site." Salem Village History. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
The Crucible. By Arthur Miller. Grafton. 23 Nov. 2013. Performance.
"Betty Parris." Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, 12 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
"Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations from 1692-1693." Totally History Salem Witch Trials Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
"The Salem Witch Trials." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
"The Salem Witch Trials of 1692." Kidzworld. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
"Smithsonian.com." Smithsonian Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.