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Simon Bolivar Joseph Fort Mill Kinard
Transcript of Simon Bolivar Joseph Fort Mill Kinard
Cartagena, but much more ambitious. From: Jamaica From: Cartagena Bolivar was able to get support from Haiti, and eventually.... ....after three years of fighting Venezuela... ...Bolivar came up with the decisive plan... ...to just march over the mountains and take over New Granada (controlled by Spain at the time) instead. The Spanish were taken by surprise, and
Bolivar won the Battle of Boyoca on
August 7,1819. Three days later, Bolivar entered Bogota. Colombia was officially liberated. Also, Bolivar was made president and military dictator. Making this man the ruler of 1 nation at that time. Anyway... Bolivar's first priority was to urge the creation of... Gran Colombia ...which was established, containing New Granada (present-day Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito (present-day Ecuador). Though, since he didn't control most of this land, the Republic of Colombia was mostly in name only. In 1820, the two sides negotiated a six-month truce. In June of 1821, Bolivar won the decisive Battle of Carabobo, and Venezuela was his shortly after. This time, Venezuela was free from Spain for good. In May of 1822, one of Bolivar's officers,
Antonio Jose de Sucre freed Ecuador. This guy. One thing led to another, and Bolivar ended up being the dictator of Peru after the Spanish there were defeated in 1824. Making this man the ruler of 2 nations at that time. Then, in 1825, Upper Peru, the last Spanish-controlled territory on the continent, was liberated. This new nation chose to name itself... Bolivia Also, Bolivar was made president for life of the new country. Making this man the ruler of 3 nations at that time. Part 3: Failed Ambitions Bolivar had big plans for South America: wanted nothing short of a united South America. His plans, however, failed. In 1826, civil war began to break out between New Granada and Venezuela. In 1828, there was an attempt on Bolivar's life. Venezuela seceded in 1829, followed by Ecuador. Gran Colombia was no more. In 1830, Bolivar learned that Sucre, whom he had wished to be his successor, had been assassinated. Eventually, Venezuela refused to negotiate with Colombia as long as Bolivar was there, and Bolivar was forced to leave. However, before he could leave, Bolivar died of tuberculosis on December 17, 1830, Bolivar was born into a very wealthy family. Legacy? It is difficult to label Bolivar as singularly good or bad. On the one hand, he freed a significant portion of South America from Spanish rule. On the other hand, Spain's rule was replaced by Bolivar's dictatorship. Ultimately, however, while Bolivar served as a catalyst for revolution, his tendency to become dictator of the countries he freed, and his determination to unite the South American countries whether they liked it or not, outweighs the actions he took to liberate them from Spain. "I swear before you, by the God of my fathers and the honor of my country: I will not rest, not in body or soul, till I have broken the chains of Spain." -Simon Bolivar Europe Jamaica Simon Bolivar... The Liberator