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Simon Bolivar Joseph Fort Mill Kinard

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Joseph Downs

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Simon Bolivar Joseph Fort Mill Kinard

Simon Bolivar: Born on July 24, 1783 in Caracas, Venezuela. Died on December 17, 1830 in Santa Marta, Colombia. Career Revolutionary in South America Part One: Early Life His father died when he was three. His mother died when he was nine. As a result, Bolivar was raised by his uncle. Then, when he was 11, Bolivar came across his first major influence for later in life... Simon Rodriguez Rodriguez was Bolivar's tutor five years. Bolivar would later be influenced by his radical political ideals. As a matter of fact.... Rodriguez had to leave Venezuela after being involved in an attempted revolution. Now without a tutor, Bolivar went to Europe to continue his education... While in Madrid, Bolivar met Maria Teresa de Toro, who he married in 1801. Bolivar then returned to South America with his new wife. However, Maria Teresa died within a year of arriving. Bolivar eventually returned to Europe in 1804. While there, Bolivar came across Simon Rodriguez, and was introduced to many thinkers of the time. The culmination of the journey came when the two journeyed to a place north of Rome called Monte Sacro. Details vary, but Bolivar is said to have made a vow to liberate South America. In 1807, Bolivar returned to Venezuela. Part Two: Liberator Bolivar quickly became involved in the movement for Venezuelan independence. In 1808, Napoleon deposed the royal family of Spain and appointed his brother King. This upset the political situation enough that the revolutionary movement could take hold, and on April 19, 1810, the Spanish governor of Venezuela was officially expelled. Bolivar served the new government as a diplomat to England. On July 5, 1811, Venezuela officially declared its independence from Spain. Venezuela's independence was short lived, and the royalists regained control in July of 1812. When this happened, Bolivar fled to New Granada (now Colombia). While there, Bolivar wrote the Manifesto of Cartagena, the first of his major works, advocating a stronger government, and a unified revolution against Spain. Bolivar garnered support the support of New Granada, and embarked on a campaign to free Venezuela from the Spanish... And, on August 6, 1813, Bolivar and his army marched into Caracas, earning him the title... El Libertador Venezuela was soon lost to this guy... ...and Bolivar fled, ending up in Jamaica... Where he wrote The Letter From Jamaica Which was similar to the Manifesto of
Cartagena, but much more ambitious. From: Jamaica From: Cartagena Bolivar was able to get support from Haiti, and eventually.... ....after three years of fighting Venezuela... ...Bolivar came up with the decisive plan... ...to just march over the mountains and take over New Granada (controlled by Spain at the time) instead. The Spanish were taken by surprise, and
Bolivar won the Battle of Boyoca on
August 7,1819. Three days later, Bolivar entered Bogota. Colombia was officially liberated. Also, Bolivar was made president and military dictator. Making this man the ruler of 1 nation at that time. Anyway... Bolivar's first priority was to urge the creation of... Gran Colombia ...which was established, containing New Granada (present-day Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito (present-day Ecuador). Though, since he didn't control most of this land, the Republic of Colombia was mostly in name only. In 1820, the two sides negotiated a six-month truce. In June of 1821, Bolivar won the decisive Battle of Carabobo, and Venezuela was his shortly after. This time, Venezuela was free from Spain for good. In May of 1822, one of Bolivar's officers,
Antonio Jose de Sucre freed Ecuador. This guy. One thing led to another, and Bolivar ended up being the dictator of Peru after the Spanish there were defeated in 1824. Making this man the ruler of 2 nations at that time. Then, in 1825, Upper Peru, the last Spanish-controlled territory on the continent, was liberated. This new nation chose to name itself... Bolivia Also, Bolivar was made president for life of the new country. Making this man the ruler of 3 nations at that time. Part 3: Failed Ambitions Bolivar had big plans for South America: wanted nothing short of a united South America. His plans, however, failed. In 1826, civil war began to break out between New Granada and Venezuela. In 1828, there was an attempt on Bolivar's life. Venezuela seceded in 1829, followed by Ecuador. Gran Colombia was no more. In 1830, Bolivar learned that Sucre, whom he had wished to be his successor, had been assassinated. Eventually, Venezuela refused to negotiate with Colombia as long as Bolivar was there, and Bolivar was forced to leave. However, before he could leave, Bolivar died of tuberculosis on December 17, 1830, Bolivar was born into a very wealthy family. Legacy? It is difficult to label Bolivar as singularly good or bad. On the one hand, he freed a significant portion of South America from Spanish rule. On the other hand, Spain's rule was replaced by Bolivar's dictatorship. Ultimately, however, while Bolivar served as a catalyst for revolution, his tendency to become dictator of the countries he freed, and his determination to unite the South American countries whether they liked it or not, outweighs the actions he took to liberate them from Spain. "I swear before you, by the God of my fathers and the honor of my country: I will not rest, not in body or soul, till I have broken the chains of Spain." -Simon Bolivar Europe Jamaica Simon Bolivar... The Liberator
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