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Sam Hilton

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Satisfactions Conclusion Provides updates to the AIP Amendments Annex 11: Air Traffic Services Airport Technical Services Established rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety Chicago Convention, 1944 What are Technical Services? Airline-Airport Relationship Airport Technical Services And Their Effects On Airline Operations NOTAM : List of codes Notice to Airmen (NOTAMs) Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) Structure of AIS Information essential for any flight to take place Aeronautical Information Services (AIS) Meteorology Major contributor to airline and airport safety Meteorology Helps transmission of information relating to air navigation to departing or inflight aircraft. Broadcast services Are navigation aids used by instrument-rated pilots, including the enroute aids, and the precision and non-precision approach aids with the intention to benefit, and for safe operation of aircraft. Radio Navigation services The ground stations of the air/ground radio services used for air traffic services. Mobile services Self-developments Requirements for Airlines Checks Requirements for Pilot(s) ASICs Identification Checks Ground support staffs Approved Dangerous Goods Courses X-ray checks: Security Checks Civil Aviation Safety Authority CASA Must be aligned with ICAO regulatory frameworks Meteorology A telecommunication service with worldwide point- to – point system of fixed circuits. Fixed services http://www.icao.int/Pages/default.aspx Codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation International Civil Aviation Organisation, 1947 Airline-Airport Relationship Airline Airport Quality Time Efficiency Safety Cost/Savings Airlines and Airports rely on each other Common goal: Safety and Efficiency Airport become the primary source to ensuring efficiency to airline operations Efficiency can only be achieved within the limits of safety How do airports provide safety to airline operations? Technical Services! In general terms, technical services provide airlines with a wide range of information that includes control, navigation, communication and information all of which act as a provision of safety in the aviation industry (Ashford, pg. 325). Where did they come from? Established the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Fosters the planning and development of international air transport Promotes safe and orderly growth Annex 10: Aeronautical Telecommunications Annex 3: Meteorology Services for International Air Navigation Airline Safety Requirement Analysis Air safety regulator in Australia Civil Aviation Regulations (CAR) Civil Aviation Orders (CAO) Civil Aviation Advisory Publication (CAAP) Baggage(s) Body scanner: Passengers Ground Support Staff Airline employees Persons doing relative work at airport AVIDs Renewal of licences and medicals Well-prepared to conduct flight(s) Training Telecommunications Services Fixed Services Mobile Services Radio Navigation Services Broadcast Services Primarily for safety and to the regular, efficient, and economical operations civil aviation. Covering Communication and Navigations Airspace Restrictions Airport Layout Airport Hours of Operation Air Traffic Control Requirements Usually in the form of replacement pages Contains information that are time critical Urgent notices for flight crew Alert pilots of potential hazards along flight routes Communicated using the fastest available channel Visual/Instrument Flight Rules Airport Information
i) Operational Hours
ii) Facilities
iii) Runway Characteristics Air Traffic Procedures What has become clear from our presentation is that all technical services provided by airports is vital to the airline industry and that it is in the airlines’ key interests to ensure that these services remain at a state-of-the-art level

The flow-on effects of this is seen in operational efficiency, with the greater the accuracy and efficiency of technical services provided by airports leading to a much more achievable goal of operational efficiency for airlines Safety requirements acts as a link to airports and airlines to ensure that technical services are as accurate as possible. Why Safety?.. Why The 4 Technical Services?
A Brief Overview Meteorology is vital to the industry, as we need to know how the environment going to act. Meteorology

Aeronautical Information


Air Traffic Control AIS is to ensure the flow of information necessary for the safety, regularity and efficiency of international air navigation. Telecommunications is vital for Air traffic management for without it, the relay of information would be useless ATC is to prevent collisions, organize and fast track the flow of traffic, and provide information and other support for pilots Order of Importance Air Traffic services Meteorology Aeronautical
Services Aeronautical
Telecommunications Government responsibility, plus skilled individuals tailored to airline and airport operations Forecast reports, including SIGMET (Significant Meteorological Phenomena) TAF – Terminal Area Forecast TTF - Trend Forecast Mutual Financial Benefits of Accurate Weather Reports and airport operational costs The economic value of TAFs produced in
1993 for Sydney Airport, based on Qantas
Airways Limited international routes into
Sydney, was estimated at A$6.9 million Allows better flight planning, e.g. fuel loads required for specific flights in problematic weather Prepared by:
Anthony Paul Zanetti (s3285676)
Alexandra Victoria Howe (s3370549)
Shu Yu Timothy Seow (s3308340)
Wee Cheng Leow (s3358978)
Samuel Mitchell Hilton (s3370327)
Hao Chen Kuo (s3274086)
Viraj Shashendra Leanage (s3286911) Annex 15: Aeronautical Information Services The logic behind this outcome is that basically the most fundamental service provided to airlines with regards to safety and efficiency is in the field of traffic management. Tower Control Ensuring the safe coordination of air traffic Air Traffic Control Upper Levels of Airspace En Route Control Multi-facet role Outside Regional Airports Not a Direct Service provided by the airport Located at Airport Coordination of the aircraft(s) taxing process Ground controllers also provide the airline with general information regarding the weather, aerodrome and emergency services This Concludes Our Presentation

Thank you for your attention En Route Tower Control Approach Control Runway and immediate/approaches turnoffs to a separate designated to separate controller - " Air Control"

Approach Control Located at Airport Aircraft coordination in the immediate area around airfields, a radius of approximately 45 nautical miles and a height of 28,000 feet

Surveillance Technology Due to the position of the airspace, terminal control is unique in that it manages aircraft coming from both the airport & en route control. Airline Relationship Relationship can be described as
"awkward" (Besco 1997) Efficiency is perceived differently
by each party Common goal of safety References References:
Agenzia Nazionale Per La Sicurezza Del Volo, 2004. Linate Airport Final Report. [Online]. Available at: http://www.ansv.it/cgi-bin/eng/FINAL%20REPORT%20A-1-04.pdf [accessed 13 May 2013]AINOnline, 2009, Final Report: Slush, crosswind factors in nosegear separation, viewed 13/5/13, < http://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/aviation-international-news/2009-03-31/final-report-slush-crosswind-factors-nosegear-separation> Air Disaster. 2006, Special Report: Delta Air Lines Flight 191, viewed 13 May 2013 <http://www.airdisaster.com/special/special-dl191.shtml>Airservicesaustralia.com (2013) How air traffic control works | Airservices. [online] Available at: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/services/how-air-traffic-control-works [Accessed: 14 May 2013].Airservicesaustralia.com (2008) Profile of a terminal area controller | Airservices. [online] Available at: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/careers/air-traffic-controller/types-of-controllers/profile-of-a-terminal-area-controller [Accessed: 14 May 2013].Airservicesaustralia.com (2012) Profile of a tower controller | Airservices. [online] Available at: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/careers/air-traffic-controller/types-of-controllers/profile-of-a-tower-controller [Accessed: 14 May 2013].Airservicesaustralia.com (2012) Profile of an en route controller | Airservices. [online] Available at: http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/careers/air-traffic-controller/types-of-controllers/profile-of-an-en-route-controller [Accessed: 14 May 2013].Air Services Australia. (n.d.) Guide To Our Operations. [e-book] p.6,9. Available through: Air Services Australia http://www.airservicesaustralia.com/wp-content/uploads/12-058BKT_Guide-to-our-operations_WEB.pdf [Accessed: 10th May 2013].Ashford, N, Stanton, HPM, Moore, CA, 2007, Airport Operations, 2nd edn, McGraw Hill, New York.Auerbach, S. and Koch, B. (2007) Cooperative approaches to managing air traf?c ef?ciently—the airline perspective. Air Transport Management, 37-44 (13), p.42. Available at: http://www.lhconsulting.com/fileadmin/downloads/studies/Coop_approach_JATM_Vol13_1_2007.pdf [Accessed: 13th May 2013].BBC News (2010) Effects Of Volcanic Ash, online image, viewed 13 May 2013 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/8622099.stm> Besco, R. (2000) Pilot/Controller Teamwork: An Awkward Alliance. Business & Commercial Aviation, 87 (3), p.p82.BOM, Bureau of Meteorology, Aviation Weather Services, viewed 13/5/13, http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/> BOM (a), Bureau of Meteorology, Australian SIGMETS, viewed 13/5/13, http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/warnings/sigmet/Brenna, Z (2007) The story of BA flight 009 and the words every passenger dreads, viewed 13 May 2013 <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-431802/The-story-BA-flight-009-words-passenger-dreads-.html >CAAS, 2013, AIP Supplements, viewed 7th May 2013, <http://www.caas.gov.sg/caas/en/Regulations/Aeronautical_Information/AIP_Supplements/?__locale=en>.Civil Aviation Safety Authority, 2003, MOS Part 171- Aeronautical Telecommunication and Radio Navigation Services, Viewed on 10 May 2013, PDFCivil Aviation Safety Authority, 2013. Aviation Safety Explained. [Online] Available at: http://www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC_91480. [Accessed 13 May 2013]Civil Aviation Safety Authority, 2013. ASIC’s and AVID’s. [Online] Available at: http://www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC_90101 [accessed 13 May 2013]Civil Aviation Safety Authority, 2013. Approved Dangerous goods Courses. [Online] Available at: http://www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC_90377#crew [accessed 13 May 2013]Civil Aviation Safety Authority, 2013. Dangerous goods Courses. [Online] Available at: http://www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC_90376 [accessed 13 May 2013]Civil Aviation Safety Authority, 2013. Types of Medical Certificates and Uses. [Online] Available at: http://www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC_91594 [accessed 13 May 2013]Civil Aviation Safety Authority, 2013. CPL Examination. [Online] Available at: http://www.casa.gov.au/scripts/nc.dll?WCMS:STANDARD::pc=PC_9007 [accessed 13 May 2013]Goetsch, B & Albers, S (2007). Airport-Airline interaction. University of Cologne. Available at: http://www.garsonline.de/Downloads/070616/Goetsch_GARS.pdfIATA (2012) IATA - Airlines to Welcome 3.6 Billion Passengers in 2016. [online] Available at: http://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/pages/2012-12-06-01.aspx [Accessed: 14 May 2013].ICAO Annex 15, Aeronautical Information Services, AIS - AIM SG/3-SN NO. 7, Chapter 1 ‘Chapter Introduction’. Leigh, R. J. (1995), Economic benefits of Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) for Sydney Airport, Australia. Met. Apps, 2: 239–247. doi: 10.1002/met.5060020307 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/met.5060020307/abstractUnknown. (2013) Sydney ATC Tower. [image online] Available at: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-QyNJPIQbiGk/Tz60fK0GJyI/AAAAAAAARFQ/n331fQFolEs/s1600/sydney+air+traffic+control+tower.jpg [Accessed: 13th May 2013].
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