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Dependent and Independent clauses Review

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on 5 October 2015

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Transcript of Dependent and Independent clauses Review

Adverb Clauses
A dependent clause is a clause that does not express a complete thought.
A clause can be dependent because of the presence of a:

• Conjunction (
And, or, nor, but, yet
)
Dependent clauses MUST be joined to another clause, in order to avoid creating a sentence fragment.

Because
I forgot my homework

Dependent Clause

I enjoy sitting by the fireplace and reading.
• Waiting to have my car’s oil changed is boring.
• She wants to travel the world and see wonderful sights.
• Our planets revolve around the sun.
• The professor always comes to class fully prepared.
• Hurricanes strengthen over warm waters.
• It is good to tackle the hardest chores first.
• Meredith fixed the leaky faucet all by herself.
• The soprano sang the aria perfectly.
• Cheetahs are the fastest land animals.
• Hiking and biking are my favorite summertime activities.
• It is very important to brush your teeth twice a day.

Independent Clause Examples
An independent clause is a clause that can stand on its own, by itself. It does not need to be joined to any other clauses, because it contains all the information necessary to be a complete sentence.


Independent Clause
A related group of words with a subject and a predicate is a CLAUSE. A single independent clause can be a sentence, by itself.
However, dependent clauses are used to make sentences more complete and more interesting.
Using conjunctions and proper punctuation, dependent and independent clauses can be joined together to create interesting and complex compound sentences that are fun and engaging to read.
Independent and Dependent Clauses
Dependent and Independent clauses

When
the president arrives

Because
I can’t wait for the bus

As if
he knew what was going to happen

Than
his sister can

If
you can work on Sundays

Until
the sun sets

While
flowers continue to bloom

Whenever
you come to visit

Since
I don’t have enough money

Although
I had never considered it

Unless
you have the right size

As
the lights were dimming

How
he got elected

Before
the food gets cold


1. If you don't fix the car, it will continue to leak oil.
2. While the car is being fixed, we will need to take the bus.
3. It isn't necessary to
cram
all night if you have studied a little each day.
4. Before you begin studying for the exam, you will probably want to rest.
5. I can't go to the movies since I don´t have any money.
6. Whether he attends the party or not, I have decided to go.
7. I will stop playing the drums when you go to sleep.
8. Since you've taken your exam in Biology, you probably don't feel like studying for tomorrow's exam in math.
9. Until he apologizes to me for his rude behavior, I refuse to see him.
10. I wore my boots because it looked like it might snow.

CLASSWORK
Circle the independent clause and color the dependent clause.
Independent clauses have three components:
1. They have a subject - they tell the reader what the sentence is about.
2. They have an action or predicate - they tell the reader what the subject is doing.
3. They express a complete thought - something happened or was said.
An independent clause can be as simple as a subject and a verb:
• Jim reads.
COMPOUND SENTENCES ARE JOINED BY
For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So
SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION
Before,
after,
because,
since,
in order to,
although,
though,
whenever,
wherever,
whether,
while,
even though,
even if
)
Full transcript