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Acculturaturation in Kota Belud
Transcript of Acculturaturation in Kota Belud
THE GONG MUSIC
THE PEOPLE OF KOTA BELUD
THE GONG ENSEMBLE
THE IRANUN CULCUTRE
Gong ensemble 2
Gong ensemble 3
Dusun Tindal - The Gong Music
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
THE GONG ENSEMBLE MUSIC OF BAJAU
THE BAJAU PEOPLE
Speak the language designated as west coast Bajau
Lived in Kota Belud for around 900 years
Traditionally was a fishing community
Now they are known living on land
Adapt to riding horse from the Iranun people and animal husbandry from the Dusun people.
THE GONG ENSEMBLES
The Bajau ensembles is called kuri-kuriyan bertitik. (according to the sound)
This ensembles include the kulintangan, babandil (two small hanging gong), agung (two large gong), and the gendang
A wedding being held in kg Tambilaung
A gendang maker Rajim Ahmat in his house in
Kg. Taun Gusi Kota Belud
Although the Bajau/Sama from the west coast and
east coast share the same ethnic, but there is a slice difference musically from the tagunggu’
During a celebration, the kuri-kuriyan bertitik, that is called malupus is played.
Followed by berunsai dance.
Iranun is categorized tribes to as the indigenous population of Sabah .
According to the history , people Iranun native Ilana Bay on the island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines .
Iranun tribes inhabit two main areas of the Gulf of Lake Lanao and Ilana . However the existence of Iranun community in Sabah in Kota Belud as particularly attractive coastal areas for discussion.
THE PROCESS OF COMMUNITY MARRIAGE IRANUN
The see was only Attended by Representatives of the next of kin of men and women without the knowledge of the outside peopler.the answer be given Later it afterwards urination cans refer to all members of the family or close relatives (family woman) to get a consensus.
This mat is a mat Iranun tribal weavings, which are used by the groom to the marriage ceremony
Musical instruments Iranun tribe is divided into beats tool,
pan and stringed instrument. Each set of instruments categorized in terms of performance art, the meaning of a set of musical instruments like general, gendang, tagatok and kubing.
Two stringed lute made of wood, one string for the melody, one for the drone. Eight frets originally held in place placed on the neck of the lute by a sticky rubbery
The Sabah Iranun ethnics Bavaria is one of the arts of Contribute, music, and create a culture of tribal Iranun is unique and has its own aesthetic value
Hong Ya Dan
The Tindal Dusun speak a sub-dialect of the Central Dusun dialect of the Kadazandusun language.
Kadazandusun is one of thirteen languages under the Dusunic Family
The Tindal Dusun are an egalitarian society practicing wet rice agriculture and rearing water buffalo.
Living in contact with Iranun and Bajau people.
The Tindal Dusun have adopted many elements of material culture from their neighbours-their ceremonial costume, for example, shows strong Iranun influence.
Dusun Tindal Costume
This colourful and seldom-seen costume belongs to the Dusun Tindal in the Tempasuk area near Kota Belud. The first time this bridal outfit was shown outside its district was at the 1991 Cultural Pageant.
Like most of Sabah's traditional costumes, it's basic black with splashes of colour here and there. This two-piece outfit consists of a long-sleeved blouse (sinipak ) and a knee-length sarong (gonob ).
Traditionally gong ensemble music -in ritual contexts.
Nowadays - important ceremonial -wedding, thanksgiving celebrations and at other social gatherings
Iranun - sakadaremetan a kulintangan (kulintang- other village)
Bajau – kuri-kuriyan bertitik (sound)
Tindal Dusun –ma`agung (magagung-to beat a gong)
Two small sanang type hanging gongs ( iranun) bebendir,
Two large deep sided hanging gongs with raised fronts supporting their bosses ( iranun-agung, bajau-agong, tindal-tawog)
A pair of red double headed barrel ( shaped-drums)
Beat The Gong
Tutuntung - gong beaters
Gagandang – rotan beaters for lower drum head
Kulintangan and smaller gongs – played by women
Larger gongs and gandang – men
Lee xue jee
Bebendir(Iranun), Babandil(Bajau) Janang(Tindal)
Agung(Iranun), Agong(Bajau), Tawog(Tindal)
Kulintangan and two smaller gongs are always played by women.
Gandang and larger gong played by man.
The gandang players sit facing each other holding their drum with the smaller head pointing upwards towards the left.
The drumsticks or gagandang are pairs of rotan loops tied together.
Two gandang may be stood vertically and hot with sticks on the tops of their heads.
Version of the bajau kuri-kuriyan bertitik are found along the west coast and differs markedly both structurally.
The tindal Dusun ma’agung also totally different from other traditional Dusunic gong ensembles.
That consist of sets of hanging gongs arranged in a straight line as for long the veranda of a
long house is very long
The barrel-shaped gandang drum pair has clearly been acculturated from iranun and bajau ensembles.
In former times before the tindal Dusun adopted the ma’agung ensemble ,they played a wooden xylophone which they called kulintangan.
In time, the people developed a metal xylophone tuned like the kulintangan gong set of the bajau and iranun.
REST 5 SECOND
Gabang—musical instrument of Bajau
(unsur mistik n ilmu perubatan)
Chou En i
The Dusun Tindal, Bajau, and Iranun in Kota Belud long having a very easy, friendly and cosy relationships with each other.
The Dusun Tindal of Kota Belud are part of the larger Dusun/Kadazan group. They are mostly rice farmers. So, the rituals related to rice cultivation are important to them as rice is their main income.
Gong is very important musical instrument. It use in almost all festive occasions.
Gongs, usually made from brass or iron, are beaten using wooden sticks sometimes with rubber covering at one end.
The six gongs vary in size. The smallest is beaten first followed by the other five goings, one after another. The sixth and biggest gong produces a "bass" sound.
'Sumazau ', is a traditional dance of the Dusuns. The Sumazau and gong accompaniment is typically performed during joyous ceremonies and occasions, the most common of which being wedding feasts.
Sumazau is the name of the dance between a male and female, performed by couples as well as groups of couples, which is usually accompanied by a symphony of handcrafted bronze gongs that are individually called 'tagung'.
People perform the "sumazau" dance making physical movements in accordance to the sounds of the gongs beaten in harmony.
Gabang—musical instrument of Bajau
The gabbang , a bamboo xylophone, normally of seventeen keys, is played by women, either as a solo instrument or in accompaniment to singing and dancing.
ting ting! tiong! ting!...
The main dance form that employs the gabbang is the daling-daling, performed usually at weddings or betrothals, in which male ad female dancers exchange improvised verses of song.
In conclusion, Kota Belud's processes of acculturation contributed the development of a rich dynamic cultures. This can be seen from traditional music instrument similarity in Bajau, Tindal Dusun and Iranun races.
Iranun and Baju has made an instrument which is called kulintangan and this instrument was inspired from the Tindal Dusun's early intrument called wooden xylophone.This creativity and dynamic continuity is a recurring characteristic of music in Sabah.
(Shute, Kovacev, 2004).
ACCULTURATION AT KOTA BELUD
changes that occur in members of a minority group in contact with another dominant culture.
HELMY BIN MOHD RAMLEE
CHOU EN I
HONG YA DAN
LEE QUE JEE