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Human Trafficking in Houston

Presentation for Medicine, Bodies, and Culture
by

Caitlin Madison

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of Human Trafficking in Houston

Protest
Against
Human Trafficking Yes, it does!
Human Trafficking can be found in nearly every corner of the globe. Trafficking victims need a voice. Graph courtesy of http://druckenmillerfamily.blogspot.com/2011/01/slavery-and-human-trafficking-awareness.html This image shows the body bound as in slavery. The children in the image reminds us that the average age of being trafficked is around 13. This image shows the body marked with a UPC code like a product one can buy on a shelf. Women's bodies are seen as a product that has been packaged and is on the shelf awaiting purchase. The vulnerability of the trafficking victims labels them as "Fresh Meat" In 2005, trafficking was considered a lucrative market with estimated global profits of $32 billion. This is an image of a live protest, people using their bodies as instruments of protest. Protest against trafficking our young girls. It is time to become aware of human trafficking If you know of someone that is being abused..
don't wait. Speak up..
For some it would be too late. Image courtesy of http://action.voices.org/site/Calendar?id=101441&view=Detail Image courtesy of http://druckenmillerfamily.blogspot.com/2011/01/slavery-and-human-trafficking-awareness.html Image courtesy of http://rightsandwrongs.pbworks.com/w/page/8788554/Human%20Trafficking Image courtesy of http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/313459 Image courtesy of www.notforsalecampaign.org/ Image courtesy of http://haltht.spcollege.edu/ Image courtesy of http://russiatrafficking.wordpress.com Image courtesy of http://www.fairbanksyouthadvocates.org/2012/04/17/human-trafficking/ Image courtesy of http://girlservesworld.wordpress.com/category/sex-trafficking-2/ Image courtesy of Houston Rescue and Restore Image courtesy of http://bawso.org.uk/home/Human-Trafficking/ What is one girl's life worth on the black market?... victims don't even know that answer. Help for victims in Houston:
* Houston Rescue & Restore Coalition
* Coalition Against Human Trafficking
* Human Trafficking Rescue Alliance There are many faith-based organizations and ethnically specific community centers that address the needs of victims both directly and indirectly. The face of innocence that is about to be destroyed!! Does Human Trafficking Exist in Texas? This is for all the people that have been lost due to modern slavery...... Image courtesy of nnhschemistry.pbworks.com Image courtesy of http://gaviesocialissues.wordpress.com/ Image courtesy of http://www.kimpurcell.com/trafficked Image courtesy of http://frauenrechte.de/online/index.php/our-work-2/focus-areas/trafficking-in-women.html Image courtesy of http://www.voanews.com/content/decapua-human-trafficking-iom-17apr12-147760855/179986.html Image courtesy of http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2009/sep/27/group-rallies-bring-attention-child-prostitution/ The League of Nations Slavery Convention emphasized “legally owned” as defining slavery in 1926. Due to human trafficking, scholars and activists have fought to change and or expand the definition of slavery to include forced domination and exploitation because trafficking victims are not seen as slaves because they are not legally owned (Smith). According to the UN Palermo Protocol, the definition of human trafficking has three key elements:

•The act – what is done: “recruitment, transportation, transfer harboring, or receipt of persons”;

•The means – how it is done: “threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim”; and

•The purpose – why it is done: “exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, or similar practices and the removal of organs” (Alvarez & Alessi). WORKS CITED

Alvarez, Maria B. and Alessi, Edward J. “Human Trafficking Is More Than Sex Trafficking and Prostitution: Implication for Social Work.” Affilia 27 (2012): 142-152. DOI: 10.1177/0886109912443763. Print.

Okech, David, Morreau, Whitney, and Benson, Kathleen. “Human Trafficking: Improving Victim Identification and Service Provision.” International Social Work 55 (2012) originally published online December 1, 2011: 488-503. DOI: 10.1177/0020872811425805. Print.

Sanborn, Robert; Kimball, Mandi; Sinitsyn, Olga; and Solak, Jennifer, Eds. "Children at Risk: The State of Human Trafficking in Texas". Texas Bar Foundation. www.childrenatrisk.org

Smith, Heather M. “Sex Trafficking: Trends, Challenges, and the Limitations of International Law.” Human Rights 12 (2011): 272-286. DOI: 10.1007/s12142-010-0185-4. Print. Is forced domination and exploitation considered slavery? How many people do you think are victims of Human Trafficking? How do we stop human trafficking?

•Start viewing human trafficking as a violation of “human rights”
Most governments do not view trafficking as a human rights violation. As studied in many Anthropology and Sociology classes, women are seen as inferior and treated as possessions

•Prevention
Educating the community, law enforcement, and other professionals in identifying victims.
•Protection
Provide medical, house, food, and safety services to identified victims.
•Prosecution
Make trafficking a federal crime with stiff penalties like imprisonment for life for sexual traffickers who exploit children under the age of 14 (Okech, Morreau, & Benson)
“Texas is a hub for international human trafficking because of its many busy interstate highways, international airports, bus stations, the shipping commerce through the Gulf of Mexico, and its shared border with Mexico. Texas is also home to Houston, the fourth largest city in the U.S. which also boasts one of the largest international communities in the country. In addition, Texas houses the I-10 corridor, which the Department of Justice designated as the number one route for human trafficking in the United States.”
“Houston, as well as other large Texas cities, possesses all of the factors that make a community susceptible to human trafficking. Not only is it the closest major city to the border and I-10 corridor passing right through it, it is also home to a large number of sexually oriented businesses including strip clubs, massage parlors, and modeling studios, most of which can be found along inter and intra-state highways.”
In 2009, the National Human Trafficking Hotline received more calls from Texas than from any other state. Since the early 21st century, human trafficking has been considered one of the leading criminal enterprises.

The estimates for the number of victims in America may be lower than the actual numbers due to so many cases going unreported and because it is mostly an underground phenomenon. “Trafficking is often exacerbated by socio-economic problems, conflicts, or natural disasters that force people to seek work far from home or to migrate for survival” (Okech, Morreau, & Benson). Does Human Trafficking Always Involve Sex & Females?
The Overlooked Population:

Individuals forced to produce commodities such as grains, coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton, and gems that are sold in global markets
Men are trafficked, usually as slave labor in the agricultural and construction markets
Labor (domestic human) trafficking takes place in locations such as restaurants, the agricultural industry, and traveling carnivals.
Foreign nationals used as domestic servitude in private homes and family owned businesses such as nail salons. Who helps the victims of Human Trafficking within Houston? Does Human Trafficking – Modern Day Slavery Exist? NO According to the Texas Bar Foundation “Children At Risk”... In 2009, the National Human Trafficking Hotline received more calls from Texas than from any other state. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57338345/178-kids-rescued-in-china-human-trafficking-bust/ http://childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/effects-of-conflict/the-changing-nature-of-conflict/human-trafficking/ http://thegazette.com/2012/09/25/trafficking-victim-hails-awareness/ Team Members...

* Ericka Giesie
* Claudia Guerra
* Charlene Hatch Pearson
* Caitlin Madison
* Cheryl Saye
* Colden Snow
Full transcript