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Greek Mythology

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Alexis Dreyer

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of Greek Mythology

Godly Parentage
Chaos existed at the creation of the Universe, but was not created by anything.
Poseidon is the god of the sea, earthquakes, and storms
Aphrodite is the goddess of love, beauty, and sexuality.
Zeus is a god.
Uranus is a god
Gaia & Uranus
Gaia created Uranus and Pontus
Hades is a god.
Greek Mythology
By: Mackenzie Nieman & Alexis Dreyer
Chaos was a goddess and the first of the primordial gods.
Gaia and Uranus are the parents of Cronos and Rhea
Gaia is a goddess
Gaia is 'Mother Earth'
Uranus is the sky
Cronos & Rhea
Both of their parents are Gaia and Uranus
Their children are Hestia, Poseidon, Demeter, Hera, Zeus, and Hades.
Cronos is a Titan
Rhea is a Titanide
Cronos is the Titan of time.
Rhea is the Titan of fertility and motherhood
Poseidon lives in an underwater palace.
The other primordial gods are Gaia, Eros, Erebus, and Tartarus.
Poseidon's sacred animals are the dolphin and the horse.
His parents are Cronos & Rhea
He is the god of the Underworld and wealth.
The first god to emerge at the creation of the Universe.
Hades' sacred animal is Cerberus.
He is the god of the sky, weather, law, order, fate, and is the king of the gods.
He is married to Persephone, daughter of Demeter.
Zeus' sacred animal is the eagle.
He and his wife are the only gods with Olympic children.
He is married to the sea goddess Amphitrite.
His parents are Cronos and Rhea.
He is married to Hera.
His parents are Cronos and Rhea.
She is married to Hephaestus.
Her sacred animals are dolphins and doves.
She is the only Olympian who is not related to Gaia in any way because she was created from Uranus's flesh and sea foam.
Hera is the goddess of marriage and childbirth.
Her sacred animal is the peacock.
She is married to Zeus.
Her Olympic children are Ares and Hephaestus.
Her parents are Cronos and Rhea.
Hestia is the oldest of the Olympians.
Hestia is the goddess of hearth, family, and home.
She is a virgin goddess, and therefore has no children or husband.
Her parents are Cronos and Rhea.
She has no sacred animal, but her symbol is the hearth and its fire.
Demeter is the goddess of agriculture/farming and harvest.
Demeter has no husband, despite having multiple children with various gods, including Zeus.
Her parents are Cronos and Rhea.
Her sacred animal is the serpent.
Ares is the god of war and battle lust.
He is not married.
His parents are Zeus and Hera.
His sacred animal is the boar.
Athena is the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and craft among like 20 other, lesser things.
Her parents are Zeus and Metis, although she was born out of Zeus's forehead, so who even knows how that works.
Her sacred animal is the owl.
She is a virgin goddess, so she is not married.
Hephaestus is the god of fire, the forge, and sculpture.
He is married to Aphrodite.
His parents are either Zeus and Hera, or possibly just Hera.
His sacred animal is the quail.
Artemis is the goddess of hunting, the moon and archery.
Her parents are Leto and Zeus.
She is a virgin goddess, and has no husband or children, mortal or otherwise. Even her Hunters are sworn to never fall for a man.
Her sacred animal is a stag.
Apollo is the god of the sun, archery, prophecy, music, medicine, and poetry.
He is not married.
His parents are Zeus and Leto and Artemis is his twin sister.
His sacred animal is his cattle.
The Labyrinth
The Labyrinth is essentially an infinite, ever-changing maze. It was originally created by Daedalus, a son of Athena and a brilliant inventor.
The most famous myth involving the Labyrinth is the Minotaur, a monster that has the body of a man, and the head of a bull. Theseus was the hero who finally killed this beast, using Ariande's thread to find his way through the complicated maze without getting lost.
This was great and everything, but King Minos, who had ordered Daedalus to build the Labyrinth in the first place, imprisoned Daedalus and his son, Icarus, in Daedalus's own Labrinth to keep the Labyrinth's secrets from getting out. Unable to escape by sea without being immediately caught, Daedalus built Celestial bronze wings out of hundreds of tiny bronze feathers held together with wax. He made two pairs, one for Icarus, and one for himself. With King Minos drawing nearer to the tower, Daedalus warned his son not to fly too high or too low for fear of the wax melting, but once they started flying, Icarus got carried away and swooped down near the sea, low enough that the moisture melted the wax and sent Icarus falling to his death.
Daedalus, devastated by his son's death, named some land near where Icarus died Icaria in his honor.
Hermes is the god of trade, thieves, and travelers, and is the Messenger of the gods.
He is not married.
His parents are Maia and Zeus.
His sacred animals are the tortoise and rooster, but he is better known for the caduceus, which depicts two snakes entwined around a winged staff.
Tantalus was a mortal who was invited to share the food of the gods (ambrosia and nectar). There are two variations of his stories. In one, he tried to share ambrosia with other mortals, and in the other he cooked his son, Pelops, and fed him to the gods. Upon finding out what they were eating, the gods brought Pelops back to life and cursed Tantalus to stand in a lake under a fruit tree, but when he bent down to drink the water eluded his mouth, and when he reached to grab fruit, the wind blew the branches out of his reach.
Orpheus has been in a few Greek myths, one being his participation in Jason's quest through the Sea of Monsters, and the other being his own personal story, in which he is essentially known as "that one guy who couldn't look back in the Underworld". You see, when his wife died, Orpheus was devastated, so he went to the Underworld to get her back. Hades, being the jerk he is, decided that Orpheus could get his wife back, so long as she walked behind him and he did not look back to check on her. On his way out of the Underworld, he wanted to see his wife so bad that he couldn't resist the urge to look back. And when he did, he got to watch her fade back into the horde of spirits in the Fields of Asphodel.
That Time Hera Threw Hephaestus Off Olympus
Hephaestus, the god of fire, was born weak and crippled. Hera, displeased at the sight of her son, threw him off Olympus. He fell for a whole day before landing in the sea, where some Nymphs rescued him. To get revenge, Hephaestus built a throne, which he presented to the gods. But when Hera sat in it, she was trapped. The gods pleaded with Hephaestus to release her, but he refused until Dionysus got him drunk and brought him to Olympus, where Aphrodite married him in exchange for Hera's release.
Sea of Monsters
All right, kids, hold on to your seats, 'cuz this is a long one.
So the myth of the sea of monsters begins with Jason and the Golden Fleece. Essentially, the entirety of Jason's journey into the sea of monsters started because Jason wanted to be king of Iolkos (it was his rightful throne). The current king, his uncle Pelias, decided that if Jason wanted the throne, he had to complete a difficult task to achieve it. This task was to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the sea of monsters, a treacherous sea guarded by countless monster (ooh look, the sea of monsters has lots of monsters), including Sirens, some clashing rocks, Cyclopes, gods, goddesses, et cetera, et cetera.
So Jason gets together the best crew he can and heads off into the sea to retrieve the Fleece. And since it's really hard to pack that much detail into this, I'm gonna skip the details, but basically Jason gets the Fleece and returns it to Pelias, completes a few more tasks for him, and
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"Greek Mythology :: Greek Gods :: Greek Goddesses :: Greek Myths." Greek Mythology :: Greek Gods :: Greek Goddesses :: Greek Myths. January 1, 2000. Accessed October 21, 2014.
Harding, C., & Harding, S. (1897). <i>Stories of Greek gods, heroes, and men: A primer of the mythology and history of the Greeks</i>. Chicago: Scott, Foresman and.
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