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The Diorama Experience

Philippine History as presented by the Ayala Museum

Richard Francisco

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of The Diorama Experience

Glimpse of the Past:
Ayala Museum Dioramas
Introduction First Installed in June 1974 60 dioramas Fernando Zobel 5 artists:
Simeon Abaya
Tam Austria
Mamerto Evangelista
Amorsolo Tuason
Guillermo Veloso
Carved by artisans from Paete, Laguna
Master Carvers: Esmeraldo Dans, Mar Edjawan and Lauro Sanchez
carved from baticulin wood 2.5 feet 8 months to 2 years The Dioramas Focused mainly on agricultural life Examples include: Pottery Making in Bicol [Diorama 4] and an illustration of the Banaue Rice Terraces [Diorama 5] Shows how the Philippines were resourceful pre-Colonization and trading with foreigners Dioramas 1-6 Interaction Begins Diorama 8: Introduction of Islam

Dioramas 9 through 39: Spanish Rule

Between 9-39, there are brief examples of Chinese and British influence.
Mixture of good times and bad Depicts great influence of Spanish to Filipino culture [First Mass, Galleon Trade, Construction of University of Sto. Tomas, etc.] Filipinos were portrayed
as unhappy during
most of the occupation.
Spanish took advantage of the rich resources of the Philippines [Parian Scene and Manila Galleon Scene] Jose Rizal only gets
credited in two dioramas.
American and Japanese Occupation Wars and Battles Negativity Deaths Pre-Colonial Period Tabon Caves Ifuago – Rice Terraces Hunting Pottery
Trade with the chinese Introduction of Islam Misconceptions Land Cultivation
Barter System
Early Civilizations
Appearrance Spanish Period Arrival and First Mass
Battle of Mactan
Blood Compact
First Books
University of Sto. Tomas
Assassination of Governor Bustamante
First Newspaper Rizal
Blood Compact
Battle of Manila Bay Misconceptions Bonifacio wearing red pants
Bonifacio’s chest and abs not shown
Katipuneros depicted as brave and ready for war Ayala’s wanted to glorify their name more by including the contributions of their ancestors. Jacobo Zobel y Zangroniz’ Pubic transportation or street cars from Manila to Malabon Did not show the brutality in the way the Spanish treated innocent Thoughts on the Dioramas What Should be Included Encomienda system
Scenes of Friars taking advantage of Filipinos
Gomburza Execution
Propaganda Movement What Can be Removed 27: Sunday Mass at Santa Ana
53: A scene from Zarzuela
28: Escolta Scene
29: De La Torres Malacañang Palace Reception Biases of Ayala Light Spanish Captivity
Didn’t much show of how the Spanish Abused Filipinos
Showed more the good side of the Spaniards
(e.g Construction of UST)
Lacked Significant Events Gomburza Execution
Presented Rizal’s Execution
without presenting his advocacies
Titles and Captions all in English – Elite
Pre-Colonial Diorama – No Captions
Captions: Quotes mostly from Spaniards
Filipino Quotes – After Rizals death (during the war)
Conclusion The medium is the message The way history is presented conveys a message.
History is always written with bias, for an audience and definitely for a purpose
Full transcript