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May 10, 2013 How Media Influences Adolescents Today INFLUENCES ON SEX BEHAVIOR Different Types of Media VIOLENCE & AGGRESSION Media Violence and Media Literacy Peer pressure leads to bullying - the new generation past time
Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest, Instagram, YouTube
Media violence is damaging to young children because they cannot differentiate between real life and fantasy
Adolescents watch 20-30 hours per week
Violent films, TV programs or video games desensitizes teenagers, blunts their emotional responses to aggression and potentially promotes aggressive attitudes and behaviors Imagine if cell phones didn't exist Then Conclusion •The media is one influence in the behavioral development of a youth.
•The graphic violence, overt sexuality, morally mixed and negative messages of the media have polluted the established truths a youth may have learned at school, home and/or church.
•In the teen years, the media replaces and or takes on a more significant influence upon youth than at any other time in their lives.
•Stronger research is necessary to make the correlation between media and its influence on youth; however, there seems to be enough research to justify a concern and a preventative approach to the issues of media influence.
•The media messages and portrayals do have a lasting negative effect upon a youth’s behavior and judgment.
•The media messages and portrayals do have a lasting
negative effect upon a youth’s behavior and judgment.
•Significant reductions in the negative influences of the media are necessary. Here are some steps parents can follow to reduce media influence.
Limit the use and find acceptable content
No TV or computer in the adolescent’s room
Have child ask for permission to use media
Tell adolescent what media content is appropriate
Instead of watching TV, encourage adolescent to be involved in recreational activites
Ask children what they interpret from the media they watch or hear
Monitor the adolescent’s media usage
Be able to turn off the media
Become a good example Body Image ALCOHOL & DRUGS Alcohol is associated with success, excitement, and good times
By the time adolescents reach their senior years of high school, 71% of them will have tried alcohol and nearly half have tried an illicit drug at least once.
The most common and harmful form of alcohol use among all adolescents is “binge drinking”
Marijuana is the drug tried and used most often by adolescents, followed by prescription drugs without medical supervision, and then by inhalants and hallucinogens According to the media boys should be tall, dark, handsome, tough, muscular, protective, and perfect The Media's Effect on Male Body Image Average woman model weighs up to 25% less than the typical woman and maintains a weight of 15 to 20 percent below what is considered healthy for his or her age and height”
Magazines, television, and newspapers contain advertisements endorsed by celebrities influences, for Jenny Craig, Weight Watchers and other weight loss programs (Jennifer Hudson, Jessica Simpson, and Marie Osmond) The media does not affect females alone. Boys can also face lower self-esteem if they feel their bodies do not measure up to the idea of perfection presented by the media.
Males should have the following traits:
When boys do not have these traits,
they seek out ways to get them, such
as exercising too much and steroid misuse Ads persuade females that wrong eating habits are right.
Girls feel as if they don't have what everyone else has.
The media makes girls think that those with ideal body images have perfect lives Average adolescent is exposed to 400-600 advertisements a day illustrating the "perfect body" or the "perfect life"
Youth under the age of eighteen take on the media culture as a symbol, or representation, of what to grow to be.
Poor nutritional status
Advertisements attempting to convince consumers that buying a product will result in thinness, beauty, increased sexuality, and popularity among other things. Channels
Thin = Beauty
Beauty + Talent = Success REFERENCES MASS MEDIA Health: "State of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity. Adolescents and young adults engage in a range of behaviors that can affect the quality of their health and the probability of their survival in the short terms. Premature deaths among adults can be associated with behaviors or conditions that began or occurred during adolescence. (WHO 2002)
Mass media: television, radio, magazines, newspaper, pamphlets, Internet
Risky Behaviors: Violence, alcohol, tobacco, and other drug abuse; poor body image and eating disorders; precocious, unsafe sexual activity; teenage pregnancy
All media images and messages are constructions. They are not reflections of reality. Advertisements and other media messages have been carefully crafted with the intent to send a very specific message.
Advertisements are created to do one thing: convince you to buy or support a specific product or service TV AND MUSIC The average house in America has 3.6 television sets and 66% of children have a TV in their room
98% of teenagers spend 11 hours per week minimum in front of a T.V.
average teenager listens to 2 ½ hours of music per day.
The majority of music is normally about sex, drugs, or alcohol.
Unlike visual media, music is a powerful social force that also taps into an individual’s personality identity
Music can provide many positive and negative effects SEX IS EVERYWHERE
With the media playing such an important role in the lives’ of today’s teens, it is no wonder that many of the messages about teen sexuality come directly from the media they consume.
Teens report that their main source of information about sex, dating and sexual health comes from what they see and hear in the media and that the idea if dressing sexy, talking about sex and casual hook-ups seem like the norm for them
popular media rarely show teens practicing abstinence in a positive way. Bell, B., & Dittmar, H. (2011). Does Media Type Matter? The Role of Identification in
Adolescent Girls' Media Consumption and the Impact of Different Thin-Ideal Media on Body Image. Sex Roles, 65(7/8), 478-490. doi:10.1007/s11199-011-9964-x.
Bleakley, A., Hennessy, M., Fishbein, M., & Jordan, A. (2011). Using the Integrative Model
to Explain How Exposure to Sexual Media Content Influences Adolescent Sexual
Behavior. Health Education & Behavior, 38(5), 530-540.
Carson A., B., Kaylor, G., Meredith, M., Brintha, V., & Dina L.G., B. (n.d). Body
Image, Eating Disorders, and the Relationship to Adolescent Media Use. The Pediatric Clinics Of North America, 59(Children, Adolescents, and the Media), 693-704. doi:10.1016/j.pcl.2012.03.017
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, July 11). About Us: Media and
Adolescents. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mentalhealth/about-us.htm.
Gibbons, F. X., Pomery, E. A., Gerrard, M., Sargent, J. D., Weng, C., Wills, T.
A., & ... Yeh, H. (2010). Media as social influence: Racial differences in the effects of peers and media on adolescent alcohol cognitions and consumption. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 24(4), 649-659. doi:10.1037/a0020768
Granatino, R., & Haytko, D. L. (2013). Body Image, Confidence, And Media Influence: A Study Of
Middle School Adolescents. Journal Of Applied Business Research, 29(1), 45-50.
Hye-Jin, P., Gunther, A. C., McLeod, D. M., & Hove, T. (2011). How Adolescents' Perceived Media
Influence on Peers Affects Smoking Decisions. Journal Of Consumer Affairs, 45(1), 123-146. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6606.2010.01195.x
Knauss, C., Paxton, S., & Alsaker, F. (2008). Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescent Boys and Girls:
Objectified Body Consciousness, Internalization of the Media Body Ideal and Perceived Pressure from Media. Sex Roles, 59(9/10), 633-643. doi:10.1007/s11199-008-9474-7
Murphey, D., Barry, M., Vaughn, B., Terzian, M., & Child, T. (2012). Tobacco Use. Adolescent
Health Highlight. Publication #2012-33. Child Trends
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia, U. (2011). Adolescent
Substance Use: America's #1 Public Health Problem. National Center On Addiction And Substance Abuse At Columbia UniversitySabati, E. (n.d.). Health in Adolescence. World Health Organization. Retrieved May 1, 2013, from http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/42682
Scull, T., Kupersmidt, J., Parker, A., Elmore, K., & Benson, J. (2010). Adolescents’ Media-related
Cognitions and Substance Use in the Context of Parental and Peer Influences. Journal Of Youth & Adolescence, 39(9), 981-998. doi:10.1007/s10964-009-9455-3
Werner-Wilson, R. M. (2004). ADOLESCENT AND PARENT PERCEPTIONS OF MEDIA INFLUENCE ON ADOLESCENT SEXUALITY. Adolescence, 39(154), 303.
How old where you when you got your first cell phone? Now