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from The Odyssey

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Mr. Skocik

on 26 April 2017

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Transcript of from The Odyssey

Why might this be considered an epic moment?
Maps & Timelines
from The Odyssey
The Cyclops
Epic Poem by Homer
Book 1: A Goddess Intervenes
The epic poem opens with an invocation, or plea that the Muse help the speaker tell the story of Odysseus worthily. These lines also introduce the plot & epic hero Odysseus.
Why are the details about the way in which Odysseus' men were lost included in this invocation?
Describe the conflicts faced by Odysseus' family.
Part One: The Wanderings of Odysseus
Book 9: New Coasts & Poseidon's Son
"I Am Laertes' Son"
How will Odysseus repay the hospitality shown by Alcinous? Why is this important?
Remember that Odysseus fought for ten years in the Trojan War, and he has spent ten more years trying to get home.
"I Am Laertes' Son"
What do these lines reveal about Odysseus' feelings?
The Lotus Eaters
Homer uses flashback in the next books of the poem. Although Odysseus is presently at the court of King Alcinous, he narrates events that happened in the past.
How do the Lotus Eaters pose a threat to Odysseus and his men?
How does this encounter contrast with Odysseus' approach to the Cicones?
Figurative Meanings
Epithets - descriptive phrases that rename a person or a thing.
Epithets are used by the poet to convey descriptive information.
Identify and explain the epithet.
Analyze Character: Epic Hero
An epic hero has some very human traits as well as those that define him as extraordinary.
Why do you think Odysseus wants to visit the land of the Cyclopes? What does this reveal about his character?
Analyze Character: Epic Hero
Why does Odysseus take the wine as well as his twelve best fighters?
What is foreshadowed here?
Analyze Character: Epic Hero
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
What impression does this description provide of the Cyclops & his cave? What potential conflict is presented?
Zeus Xenios - Culture
Note: The Cyclops shows no hospitality and thinks his guests are fools for having found themselves in this situation.
Marginal Note 172-175
It was a sacred custom to honor strangers with food and gifts. Odysseus is reminding the Cyclops that Zeus will punish anyone who mistreats a guest.
Analyze Character: Epic Hero
Odysseus lies to the Cyclops about the ship. What traits does Odysseus show in the exchange with the Cyclops?
Analyze Figurative Meanings
Epic similes are comparisons developed at length that create a vivid image in the audience's mind and reinforce important ideas.
How does the epic simile intensify the impression of the strength of the Cyclops & the helplessness of Odysseus and his men?

Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Why does Odysseus refrain from killing the giant? What will he do?
Odysseus' Conflicts
The Cyclops is too strong for Odysseus to overcome.
He cannot kill the Cyclops while he is sleeping or they will be trapped in the cave.
Odysseus has to watch his men being eaten and is powerless to help them.
Odysseus has to think of a plan to defeat the Cyclops.
Analyze Figurative Meanings
Earlier Odysseus requested that the Cyclops give him the gift due a guest according to the Greek laws of hospitality.
Explain the irony of the gift the Cyclops says he will give to Odysseus.
Identify the epic simile that describes how the eye is affected.
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
A foil is a character that provides a striking contrast with another character. This contrast highlights the character's differences.
e.g. Romeo & Tybalt
Explain how Odysseus and Polyphemus show their differences.
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Often in Greek literature, a prophecy, or prediction about the future, is fulfilled but not in the way anticipated by the person receiving it.
Why is Polyphemus surprised by the fulfillment of the prophecy?
Is his characterization of Odysseus accurate?
Determine Theme
What theme is conveyed by Odysseus' behavior in this part of the poem?
Book 10: Circe, The Grace of the Witch
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Note: Odysseus now only has one ship of men remaining. The rest have perished as a result of their encounter with the Laestrygones.
Since leaving the island of the Cyclopes ...
Support Inferences
Why does Polites feel that Circe poses no threat?
What makes Eurylochus fear a "snare"?
Odysseus and his men escape from the Cyclops.
They stay with Aeolus, who helps them once but refuses a second time.
The Laestrygones destroy all the ships but one.
They are trapped by Circe.
They travel to the land of the dead.
Odysseus leaves Troy.
He raids the Cicones and loses 72 men.
He visits the Lotus Eaters.
He goes to the island of the Cyclopes.
Book 11: The Land of the Dead
Analyze Character: Epic Hero
Will this prophecy come true?
What parts of the prophecy depend on free will?
What does the prophecy's structure reveal about the Greeks view of fate?
An epic hero's fate is often of great importance to the gods and to the hero's homeland.
Book 12: The Sirens; Scylla & Charybdis
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Describe the threat posed by the Sirens.
Predict whether Odysseus will choose to hear the song.
Why might Circe not want to advise Odysseus on which route to take next?
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
What dangers do Scylla & Charybdis present?
Which is the better route? Why?
Collaborative Discussion - Part One:
The Wanderings of Odysseus
In what instances during Part One: The Wanderings of Odysseus does Odysseus demonstrate his greatest acts of heroism? Cite specific textual evidence to support your ideas.
Part Two: The Homecoming
Book 17: The Beggar at the Manor
Explain the dramatic irony of the scene.
What does this suggest about future events?
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Book 21: The Test of the Bow
Analyze Character
Although the epic has focused on Odysseus, we can now learn about Penelope as well.
What do Penelope's actions reveal about her?
Analyze Figurative Meanings
Explain the epic simile found in the passage.
Why is this appropriate?
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
The book ends with the father and son standing side by side facing more than one hundred enemies.
Book 22: Death in the Great Hall
Explain Odysseus' success in taking the suitors by surprise.
What is the purpose of his speech in lines 34-40
Why does Eurymachus respond to Odysseus?
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Note Athena's motive in not assisting Odysseus & Telemachus initially. What does this reasoning suggest about the Greek view of the relationship b/w gods & humans?
Book 23: The Trunk of the Olive Tree
Analyze Author's Choices: Epic Poem
Explain the conflict that Odysseus faces in this book? Why is this conflict different from his other struggles?
Describe the physical and symbolic characteristics of Odysseus & Penelope's bed.
EQ: What are the characteristics of an epic poem?
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