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Similes and Metaphors

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Katie Wampler

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Similes and Metaphors

Similes and Metaphors
Metaphor
What:
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is compared to an object or action
A thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else, especially something abstract
Do Now
1. If you haven't already, update the third column on your Poetic Devices study guide for Rhyme based on yesterday's lesson.
2. List at least 5 different ways you could rephrase each of the following by using comparisons:
The boy runs very fast.
The sound was extremely loud.
The sky is a pretty color of blue.
Simile
What:
A direct comparison of things using the words "like" or "as"
Why:

To bring literary imagery to life
To show rather than tell
Examples:
Happiness is two kinds of ice cream.

Her eyes are fireflies.

His voice is thunder.

Time is money.

Baby, you're a firework.
Similes and metaphors both compare!
In general, metaphors are more abstract
Remember, if it's comparing and using the words "like" or "as," it's a simile.
Metaphors often use being verbs (is, are, was, were, etc.)
The words "like" or "as" set off the comparison
The dog's fur is as black as midnight.

The child I babysat was as bad as the devil.

Her fingernails were as sharp as razors!

My dog is like a leech the way he's always attached to my side.

Do you ever feel like a plastic bag?


Think, Pair, Share
Think (3 minutes, on your own):
1. What are some ways authors write to make their details more vivid?
2. What are some descriptive words you used during your power up?
3. How can we write things to show comparisons?

Pair (2 minutes, with your partner):
Discuss your answers with only your partner. Be prepared to answer any of the above questions if called on.

Share:
Whole group
Why:
Used to give effect to a statement
To inspire interest in the reader
To create impact in the mind of the reader
"Smelly Feet"
by Anonymous
Your feet smell so bad,
Just like Limburger cheese,
That I'm holding my nose tight
In between my two knees.
"Happiness"
by Pauline Oliver
Is your happiness a marshmallow?
Soft, fluffy, pink, and light,
A delicious tasty morsel,
Sadly ... gone in just one bite.
Similes and Metaphors in Music
"A Dream Deferred"
By Langston Hughes
What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up, like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore -
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over -
Like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags
Like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?
"Dreams"
By Langston Hughes
Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.



For each poem:
1. Determine the number of stanzas and each stanza's type.
2. Determine the rhyme scheme.
3. Determine whether Langston Hughes uses similes or metaphors. List each simile and/or metaphor for each poem.
4. How does Hughes' use of simile or metaphor affect the meaning of the poem?
Simile or Metaphor?
1. "Life is like a box of chocolates."

2. "You are an ant, while I'm the lion."

3. "I come fresh like your breath after you brush,
wack MC's like that orange soda get crushed."
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