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Muhammad: Prophet, Conqueror, Leader.

Prophet of Islam; Conqueror of Arabia

Ralph Libari

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Muhammad: Prophet, Conqueror, Leader.

Mohammad SAV Script From Edirne Mosque
Mohammad was the son of Abdullah (father) who died before he was born and Amina (mother) who died when he was 6. His grandfather then cared for him until he passed away when Mohammed was 8 and he was then cared for by his uncle, Abu Talib.
Military Leader
This painting shows Muhammad preaching a sermon to his people
He taught his followers about his teachings and most of his teachings were written into holy books. Muslims also follow the Sharia Law and the Five Pillars
Prophet of Islam; Conqueror Of Arabia
Basic Info
Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah
April 19, 570 AD in Mecca, Arabia (Now Saudi Arabia)
June 8 in 632 AD, Age 62
Resting Place:
Tomb under the Green Dome of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, Hejaz, Saudi Arabia
13, Between the ages of 40 - 6
3 Sons & 4 Daughters

Muhammad's Marriage Timeline
Approximate Timeline of Muhammads Life (A.D):
By: Ralph Libari & Courtney DeCarlo
623 - 628
629 - 631
610 - 613

The Start of Islam
Muhammad begins to tell his people about the teachings he learned.
Muhammad as a Military Leader
623 - Orders raids on Meccan caravans.
624 - Battle of Badr (Victory) & expulsion of the Qurayza Jews
624 - Orders 3 assassinations Abu Afak, Asma bint Marwan and Ka'b al-Ashraf
625 - Battle of Uhud (Defeat)
627 - Battle of the Trench (Victory) & The Genocide of the Jewish Qurayza Tribe
628 - Signing of the Treaty of Hudaibiya with the people of Mecca
628 - Destruction and subjugation of the Khaybar Jews
Muhammad Returns to Mecca
629 - Orders first raid into Christian lands at Muta (Defeat)
Death of Muhammad
Muhammad died on June 8, 632 at the age of 62, but Islam continues to spread even outside of Arabia.
Muhammad's Birth
Born on April 19, 570 AD in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Muhammad Becomes a Prophet
Muhammad was visited by the Archangel Gabriel who revealed to him a verse from the Qur'an and messages that will become the basis of Islam.
Muhammads Birth City, Modern Time
As he grew up...
The event took place in a cave called
located on the Mountain called Jabal an-Nour, near Mecca.
Symbol of Islam
Islam starts to spread.
The Hijra
Muhammad and his followers faced religious persecution so they left Mecca, and traveled to Medina.
Muhammad became both a spiritual and political leader.
Islam continued to spread.
Continues his Conquest
The final messenger of Allah (God) who unified Arabia into a single religion and polity under Islam.
631 - Leads second raid into Christian territory at Tabuk (No Battle)
630 - Conquers Mecca by surprise (along with other tribes)
630 - Muhammad is welcomed back.
630 - Islam is accepted as the religion of Mecca

to Spread
The Prophet Muhammad had united much of the Arabian Peninsula under Islam before he died. He ruled Medina and would ally with other nomadic tribes in the peninsula and tried to spread Islam at the same time. He also used military skills when Medina was against attacks. Here are examples of Muhammad's most significant battle:
Political Leader
He had the ability to solve issues between people, he also judged fairly, so everyone trusted him and asked him to be the judge. He thought making peace between people is the best way to solve issues and arguments.

Religious Leader
The messages of the Prophet as viewed and analyzed in this study have a multipurpose implications both for the Muslim world and the Western world. His skillful use of rhetoric demonstrated his commitment for meaningful competent communication for humankind in general. His speeches demonstrated that he sought to see all humankind from the lens of kindness, modesty, moderation, justice, liberty, generosity and love.

He spent 13 years in Mecca to advocate forgiveness for revenge, calm for violence, peace for war, and the call of justice for tyranny.
The conquering of Mecca was a famous example. It contained about 10,000 people and was the most powerful force the Muslims ever assembled and was fully kept secret. They then used many techniques like lighting fire to make Maccans overestimate the size of the army, etc. After only about two weeks they finally succeeded.
Prophet Muhammad communicative values of liberty, justice, modesty, and politeness were matched with practical deeds. The people saw this action of his and identified with. Prophet Muhammad' skills as manifested in his speeches demonstrated to the eyes of all humankind that he was indeed a great leader worthy of note.
The Prophet Muhammad believed in Allah. He began preaching and taught this idea to people in Mecca, but it was first persecuted by Meccans, so he led his supporters on Hijrah.
The town Medina means "City of the Prophet of Allah", where Muhammad first succeed to attract his first followers after being driven out of Mecca. Al-Masjid-an-Nabaw, "the Mosque of the Prophet" is also located in Medina, where it was built on top of the site of Muhammad's home and where he was buried.
The Mosque of the Prophet
The Mosque of the Prophet, Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, is now one of the largest mosque in the world. It was originally Muhammad's house, where he settled after Hijrah to Medina. Muhammad and other two early Muslim leaders Abu Bakr and Umar are buried there.
Top view of the Mosque
A 3D View of the Mosque in its entirety
Holy Books
The Qur'an
The Sunnah
"Qur'an" means "the recitation". Muslims believed that God has protected the Qur'an from distortion or corruption. Qur'an is a book that was spoken by God, that Muhammad's followers wrote down into a holy book, a book of guidance and teaches people the right thing. It also includes some important historical events and emphasizes the moral significance.
The Sunnah is an Arabic word which means "usual practice", and it is based on the Qur'an, but explains the unclear parts in the text and provides more specific details. Muslims practiced the Sunnah and to fulfill the divine injunctions, carry out religious rights, and live according to the will of God are what Sunnah teaches.
Sharia Law

Works Cited
http://www.danielpipes.org/comments/154760 http://realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/Misc/Canaan/Prophet_Muhammad.htm
html http://www.cyberistan.org/islamic/treaty28.html
Thank You for listening to our presentation!
The Five Pillars
The punishments under the Sharia Law are always fair, even if you are the son/daughter of a king. The punishments could be severe, but aren't barbaric. If you committed the crime, the punishments are usually done in public, so that people could learn a lesson from what they saw and consider if it was the right thing to do.
The Prophet Muhammad said: "When Allah wants good for his servant, he hands out his punishment in dunya (worldly life), while if he wants evil for his servant, he delays his punishment until the Day of Judgment."
The Five Pillars of Islam are the five basic rules that every Muslim should obey:
Shahadah: Declaring that Allah is the only God, and Muhammad is the God's Messenger.
Salat (Prayer): Pray five times a day.
Sawm (Fasting): Obey the rules during the month of Ramadan.
Zakat: Donate 2.5% of savings to the people who need help.
Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca): Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
Pray 5 times a day
Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) passed away at the age of 62, leaving behind a message and a legacy that has survived to our day. History tells us he was a religious, political, and military leader from Mecca who unified Arabia into a single religious polity (a form or process of civil government or constitution) under Islam and became one of the main powers in the Middle East.
It is the legal framework within which the public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Islam. Sharia deals with all aspects of day-to-day life, including politics, economics, banking, business law, contract law, sexuality, and social issues.
Throughout his childhood he lived mostly in poverty but Mohammed's family were strong believers in the God Allah. Mohammed became the Messenger of Allah, and his uncle served and protected him until his death.
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