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The role of gender in Sophocles Antigone

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Simran Chopra

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of The role of gender in Sophocles Antigone

The role of gender in Sophocles Antigone
General role of gender in the play
Key theme of the play.
Cause of conflict.
Shows reality of males and females.
"Remember we are women, we're not born to contend with men.'' (Line 74-75, Page 62)
Proves gender differences in society.
The role of Ismene
Ismene portrays the characteristics of a women in the ancient Greek societies.
Ismene represents the typical women in the society.
Ismene's character is a representation of how women were viewed by men.
"What? You'd bury him- when a law forbids the city?'' (Line 54, Page 61).
Certain activities are for men alone.
The role of Antigone
Rebel among woman.
Antigone is a foil of Ismene.
She goes against the rules of society.
Characteristics: Bravery, passions and fury.
Her rebellion upsets gender roles and hierarchy.
Role of gender in ancient Greek societies
Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women.

Gender played a major role in ancient Greek societies.
Characteristics of males: strong, brave, firm, intellectuals, dominating, and poses leadership qualities.
Characteristics of females: Shy, affectionate, subservient , cowardly, and passive.
Ancient Greek societies were very stereotypical in the roles they allocated to men and women.
Women had less privileges then men.
It is a man's world!
The role of Creon
"While I'm alive, no woman is going to lord it over me.''(Line 593-594, Page 88)
"Better to fall from power, if fall we must, at the hands of a man- never be rated inferior to a woman, never.'' (Line 759-761, Page 94)
Question: Was Creon lenient towards the punishment he gave Antigone because she was a female or was his niece?
Question: Is it Creon's fault for his anti-feminist thinking or is it because of the society he lives in that he is influenced to think in that manner the women are inferior to men?
How would this play be different if the female lead, Antigone, were a male?
"Prisoner! Her? You took her- where, doing what?'' (Line 444, Pg. 75)
Question: Do you think that gender differences in society still exit? Have you faced gender discrimination?
S,Michael. (2009). The rise of women in ancient Greece. Retrieved from, http://www.historytoday.com/michael-scott/rise-women-ancient-greece

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