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Technology In The Classroom
Transcript of Technology In The Classroom
Bailey Smith Resources Is Technology a Bad Thing in the Classroom? -Not necessarily ·It's natural http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_native ·Digital Natives - Pros? Pros of technology in the classroom - Kids are engaged - Schools can sucure grants - It's helpful for teachers when it comes to things like grading, planning lessons, and communicating with parents - Can help student learn how to explore and look for things themselves http://www.eslteachersboard.com/cgi-bin/tech/index.pl?read=185
Mims-Word, Marsha. "The Importance of Technology Usage in the Classroom, Does Gender Gaps Exist." Contemporary Issues in Education Research. 4th Quarter 2012, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p271-277.
Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Dawson, Kara; Cavanaugh, Cathy. "An Investigation of Factors Influencing Use of Technology in K-12 Classrooms Using Path Analysis." Journal of Educational Computing Research. 2012, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p229-254. Different Types of Technology - Prezi Prezi Prezi is a fun spin on PowerPoint. With all the movement kids become more engaged in what's going on The power to zoom in Prezi helps to students focus on the important things http://prezi.com/rfsnedhqmhqa/thoughts-on-using-prezi-as-a-teaching-tool/ - SMART Boards SMART Boards - Poll Everywhere Poll Everywhere - This is a tool you can use to get your students engaed because they get to use their phones - Your students will text a code for their answer to a certain number and you can see the live feed on the computer/ projector screen - The questions can be true or false, multiple choice, or open ended - Questions can be answered by text message or from another computer http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/alURkRA7xLhRy03 Cost Continuance of Technology Once technology is invested in it costs money to keep it running well and up to date. Asset loss and damage costs the average school
district roughly $250,000 per year, with some
larger districts having loss up to $1.4 million. Investments in
computer and audio-visual equipment are
the assets most at risk, averaging more
than $80,000 in loss annually per district What can schools do about this? Here are a few steps towards maximizing technology integration into schools the most cost effective way possible: 1. Effective Budgeting:
A School Technology Budget should be practical and moral. It should show how every dollar spent directly or indirectly improves educational opportunities for students. 2. Take Advantage of the Buying Power of Groups:
For any purchase that involves a moderate amount of money (more than 10 dollars), obtaining two or three quotes should be a standard operating procedure.
Group discounts are something else to take advantage of. Oftentimes it is cheaper to buy items in bulk. 3. Practice Sustainable Technology:
Don't purchase technology that the school can
not regularly maintain or upgrade. 4. Get the right tool for the right job:
Buy as powerful of equipment as you
can reasonably afford.
Ask "Is this a job for technology in the
first place?" before buying and
"What will the users do with this technology" 5. Use free software wherever and whenever possible. 6. Practice cloud computing:
Saving things on the internet is
cost effective and convenient since
it can be accessed wherever there is
an internet connection. 7. Practice standardization
through single-point purchases:
This increases bulk purchase discounts,
decreases inventory of supplies,
increases the amount of time devoted towards training,
decreases the need for technical support,
and increases the likelihood of compatibility with
old systems 8. Maximize E-rate funding:
E-rate funding is a Universal Service Refund
that is from the Federal Communications Commission. It has the potential of securing funds for technology if a proper audit is
performed. 9. Don't use obsolete technologies:
Desktop Computers 10. Provide sufficient training:
Of course all of the technology purchased
is only as good as the person who knows
how to make the most of the materials. If
there are a sufficient amount of teachers
trained on technology use, the expenditures
for technology can be easily justified. Who Takes Online Classes: Gifted Students
Kids with bullying issues
Students involved in sports or extracurricular activities
Kids expelled from their public schools Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages: Flexibility for families on the road
can work at their own pace
No students need to commute
If a course isn't offered at school
Another form of communication
Cheaper; no need to pay teachers, administrators, building schools, etc.
Use of technology gives a better understanding Disadvantages: No social interaction
Can only get information from one source, the teacher, can't bounce ideas off students
No physical facilities
Not all courses offered online
Servers may be down
Requires good time management
Not as convenient to ask questions Online Classes: In 2011, Virginia and Idaho signed a law requiring one online course for graduation.
In 2012, more states and districts required online courses be taken for high school graduation.
It is estimated by 2019 that 50% of courses will be online. Where does the money
come from. Close to 50% comes from
local funding This local funding
can come from levys
Then the rest is split 15% from the state
as well as 35%
from the government. Amount Spent on
technology Out of 602.8 billion dollars the
schools use 28.6 billion of the on technology. That is only 20% of
their total expenditure.
http://blogs.census.gov/wp-content/blogs.dir/11/files/2012/06/CB12-113-PublicEdFinancesGraph.jpg Although this is not true for all schools.
For example a school in Arizona passed
a ballot that was just for technology.
They spent 30 million dollars on technology in 6
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/business/04schools-graphic.html?ref=technology Online Class Study: Based on a study published in 2009, students who receive most or all learning through online classes scored in 59th percentile compared to 50th percentile for students in a regular classroom.
Better for hands-on learning.
Study spanned from 1996 through 2008. http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/W16TflJMg6oGpKb Let's see what everyone thinks Tell us what you think and why? -Cons? Cons - Distraction - If the teacher has a bad attitude towards technology - If the teacher doesn't know how to use the technology - Encourages laziness Impact of Teacher's Attitudes Results Virtual Schools -Some Virtual Schools work like Charter
- in Virtual schools the teachers are interactive at all times
-in virtual schooling the students can interact with each other Online Schooling - people can take classes one at a time and do not have to take full-time online classes
-if they take full online classes there is not very much interaction with the teachers or students In a study conducted on factors influencing students use of technology, researchers used a research-based path model that was designed and tested based on certain data.
This was gathered from 732 teachers from 17 school districts and 107 schools in Florida.
The point of this study was to show the connection between teacher frequency of using technology in the classroom and students frequency of using technology in the classroom.
Factors also involved:
Teachers level of education
Overall teaching experience
Experience teaching with technology Researchers discovered that teacher use of technology had the highest magnitude of effect on student use of technology.
This was both negative and positive.
Positives: Classroom integration of technology, teacher frequency of use of technology.
Negatives: Number of years of teaching experience. Does a gender gap exist? In this study, researchers seeked to prove the importance of technology in the classrooms.
They also wanted to show if there was a gender gap in terms of who uses technology more and it's affect on their education. Results Male students indicated in much higher numbers that they would work harder if computers were used more frequently in school.
Girls are instructed from an early age to use the computer as an educational tool.
The "Gender Gap" is that boys typically have to learn their way around a computer allowing them to develop confidence and skills
Girls usually are instructed how they should use the computer. Technology in the Classroom vs Sustainability This was a study conducted at a university on the east coast that dealt with perceptions about technology use from the faculty as well as sustainability.
The main goal of this study was to look at the relationship between technology in the classroom and sustainability in higher education.
Some examples of sustainability:
Campus-wide recycling and charging for print outs or copies.
The study focused solely on faculty members.
sample size of 108. Continued... Each of the participants answered a survey that dealt with this specific issue and were asked to come up with a program for sustainability.
Faculty participants came from 4 different schools within the university: Business, Health Professions, Arts and Sciences and the Library. Results The averaging teaching experience of faculty members was 10 years.
Of all the various uses of technology in the classroom, laptops/netbooks had the highest percentage of importance.
86% of the participants allowed electronic devices to be used in their classrooms.
Over 73% of faculty felt as though technology was extremely important in their teaching.
About 71% felt that electronic devices were distracting to an extent.
No significant relationship between sustainability enthusiasts and technology advocates.