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CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOG

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Rona Castro

on 1 February 2016

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Transcript of CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOG

CUSTOMS OF THE TAGALOGS
Juan de Plasencia

Governed the Tagalogs
Captains in their wars
Chief of the
barangay
(boat in the
Malay
language)
Anyone who offended the
dato
and his family was severely punished
DATOS
Juan de Plasencia
- Spanish Friar for the Francescan order who was in the Philippines for most of his missionary life.

THREE CASTES:
Maharlica
Highest class - NOBLES
Freeborn
Did not pay tax
Accompany the dato in the war
When married, they cannot transfer from one village to another, or one barangay to the other, without paying a certain amount
Aliping Namamahay
'Commoners'
Serve their master
Accompanied the dato in war
Rowed for him in his travel
Often mistaken as slaves
Aliping sa Guiguilir
In the master's house and land
Can be sold and transferred
A portion of the harvest is given to him
Can be paid according to the quality of work
S L A V E S
- born in the early 16th century as Juan Portocarrero in Plasencia, in the region of Extremadura, Spain.
- came together with the first batch of Franciscan missionaries in the Philippines
Other works:
Relacion de las Costumbres de Los Tagalos (1589)
La Santina
Maharlica + Maharlica
Maharlica
Maharlica + Slave
Freeman
(child and mother)
Maharlica + Slave
(another)
(own)
Slave
AND
Free
MAHARLICA + SLAVE (Namamahay or sa Guiguilir)
father's
father's
father's
mother's
mother's
half free + half slave
DOWRY
- (payment) given by the men to the woman's parents
*unmarried woman cannot own property
DIVORCE
before birth:
has intention of marrying another (wife) = 2x dowry given to the husband
Has no intentions of marrying another (wife):
Dowry is given back to the husband

After birth of the children:
the fine and dowry was given to them which was held by their responsible relatives
DIVORCE
*"all do not do it"
THE WORSHIP OF THE TAGALOGS
SIMBAHAN
PANDOT
worship
*celebrated in the large house of the chief
*created a temporary shed called
sibi
for the purpose of sheltering the assembled people
*the whole barangay worship which they call
nagaanitos
T E M P L E
I D O L S
The distinctions made among the priests of the devil were as follows:
1.
Catalonan
-
either man or woman
- an honorable one among the natives and could be held by people of rank

2.
Mangagauay
-
also known as witches, deceive or pretends to heal the sick
- if wishes to kill someone at once, they could; and they could prolong life for a year by binding to the waist a live serpent

3.
Manyisalat
- same with mangagauay
- had the power of applying remedies to lovers that they would abandon their own wives, and prevent them in having sexual intercourse with the latter
- if the woman, constrained by these, were abandoned, it would bring sickness, would discharge blood and matter

4.
Mancocolam
-duty was to emit fire from himself at night, once or oftener each month
-the fire emitted could not be extinguished


The distinctions made among the priests of the devil were as follows:
The distinctions made among the priests of the devil were as follows:
5.
Hocloban
-another kind of witch but of greater efficacy than the mangagauay
-they could kill someone whom they chose either by saluting or raising the hand
-they could heal those whom they made ill by using other charms

6.
Silagan -
clothed in white who lives in the island of Catanduanes
- tears out liver and eats it, thus causing death





The distinctions made among the priests of the devil were as follows:
7.
Magtatangal
-
occurs in Catanduanes
- purpose is to show himself at night to many persons, without his head or entrails
-in the morning, returns his head or remaining, like an alive person
-many natives affirmed seeing it
8.
Osuang
-sorcerer
- flies, murders men, eats their flesh
- occurs in the Visayas islands, does not exist among the Tagalogs
MANGAGAYOMA
SONAT
Pangatahojan
Bayoguin
Manner of burying the DEAD
ALIPING NAMAMAHAY
ALIPING SA GUIGUILIR
COMMONERS
SLAVES
Was written on 1589
Spanish Colonial Period
Full transcript