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Disaster Housing

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Ibrahim Nadheem

on 21 July 2013

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Transcript of Disaster Housing

Climate change related hazards:
Sea level rise
Changes in precipitation
Sea surface temperature rise
Storm activity
Swell waves.
Hydrological hazards:
Includes storm surges
Swell waves
Heavy rainfall and Drought
Meteorological hazards:
Tropical Cyclones
Thunder storms
Geological hazards:
Coastal erosion issues
A natural disaster is an event with a natural, cause that results in large-scale loss of life or damage to property.
Natural Disaster
Deadliest Natural Disasters Since 1900
2004 Tsunami Impact on Maldives
Earthquakes, also called temblors, can be so tremendously destructive; it’s hard to imagine they occur by the thousands every day around the world, usually in the form of small tremors.
Volcanoes are awesome manifestations of the fiery power contained deep within the Earth.
These formations are essentially vents on the Earth's surface where molten rock, debris, and gases from the planet's interior are emitted.
Hurricanes are giant, spiraling tropical storms that can pack wind speeds of over 160 miles (257 kilometers) an hour and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons (9 trillion liters) of rain a day.
A tsunami is a series of ocean waves that sends surges of water, sometimes reaching heights of over 100 feet (30.5 meters), onto land.
Typically caused by large, undersea earthquakes at tectonic plate boundaries.
Given recent patterns of more frequent and destructive disasters, it can be expected that the need for safe shelter and permanent housing will continue to grow.
Significance of Disaster Housing
Typically refers to offering temporary dwellings for affected families until they are able to move to the more “durable solution” of permanent housing.
What is Disaster Housing?
Projects involves designing disaster relief housing for an atoll that has suffered from a Natural Disaster.
Disaster Housing Project
Site Analysis & Assessment
LOCATION: Thaa Atoll, Medhu Dhekunu Province.

The island is amongst those that sustained the greatest damage in the 2004 Tsunami.

Almost 90% of the built environment sustained damage and one life was lost.
Th. Madifushi
69 islands affected
53 severely
20 largely devastated
14 evacuated
12,000 homeless, living with friends and family
Nearly a third of the population suffered from loss or damage to homes, livelihood and infrastructure.

Relocation options
Planning guidelines
Psychological well being
Community involvement in designing and building the disaster homes
Challenges in Materials
Environmental impacts
Affect on communal areas
A flood occurs when water overflows or inundates land that's normally dry
Full transcript