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Chapter 8

The Family: Partners in Education

hannah weis

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of Chapter 8

Double click anywhere & add an idea Parenting Characteristics 1. Warm parent- Shows affection and empathy towards their child
2. Lack of warmth parent- shows hostility and will lead the child to a range of behavioral problems
3. power-assertive discipline- influence child by use of commands
"because I said so"
use of yelling and hitting
4. inductive discipline- these parents offer explanations for their rules and discuss other actions that would be more appropriate

Parenting Styles 1. Authoritarian-
high control
low responsiveness
low warmth
little positive involvement
rigid rules
2. Authoritative-
warm responsiveness involvement
set clear standards for behavior
communicate openly
respect child's rights
promote social competence 3. permissive-indulgent-
warm and responsive
place few demands or expectations
rules are not clear
forced to regulate own behavior 4. Permissive-indifferent-
place few demands or expectations
rules are not clear
emotionally detached
neglect Family Routines-
Children benefit the most when they take part in manageable and sustainable routines
findings of HOME- Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment
Infants are more likely to be caressed than older children
young children's bids for attention were more likely to be responded to
mother's talked more to their children in their early years than middle
as children get older they are less likely to eat daily meals with both parents
older children were more likely to take responsibility for household chores Parents must adjust their parenting practices to the growing competencies of the child. This leads to COREGULATION
Coregulation is when parent and child share control
with the child's increasing cognitive abilities parents are more able to reason with them about their behavior and the consequences
parents continue to provide broad, general guidelines for good behavior while children regulate their own everyday behavior. Developmental Changes in family relations Autonomy- independence
In this stage young people try to establish their own identity, values, and goals for the future.
Strive for independence but still need support from parents

Sibling Relationships- Most American children will have a sibling
they act as role models, playmates, teachers, and emotional support
bringing home a new baby
by age 4 the young sibling will talk more to the older sibling than to his or her mother
Sibling conflict tends to increase during middle childhood
Positive parenting tends to lead to positive sibling relationships
negative parenting can lead to negative sibling relationships
Birth Order- first born-
higher expectations
more discipline
higher achievers
higher IQ's Later born-
Parents are more realistic in their expectations and more confident
more popular with peers
not as conforming single-child families-
Children growing up in single child homes are just as socially competent as well adjusted as other children
higher levels of self-esteem and motivation
better in school Maltreatment of Children- Many forms including:
1. Physical abuse- includes physical injury caused by the child's caretaker
2. Neglect- involves inattention to the basic needs of a child such as food, water, clothing, medical needs, and housing.
3. Emotional maltreatment- rejecting a child and showing a consistent lack of concern for the child's well being
4. sexual abuse- any contact between the child and adult in which the child is being used for sexual stimulation
Younger children, children who have a recurrent illness, who are handicapped, or who are stepchildren are at greater risk for abuse
abuse can lead to serious cognitive, emotional, and social consequences for the child
Adults who work with children have a legal and ethical responsibility to report suspected child abuse


If you had more 'A' answers, you are more of an authoritarian parent, which means you attempt to control your children's behaviors. You stress the importance of obedience in regards to authority. Most authoritarian parents rely on punishment.

If you had more 'B' answers, you are more of a permissive parent, which means that you have very little if any control. You let your kids set their own schedules. Most permissive parents do not demand the same type of behavior as the other to parenting types.

If you had more 'C' answers, you are more of an authoritative parent, which means that you believe that both the parent and child have certain rights that are both of equal importance. You tend to set rules and explain them to your children. Most authoritative parents is sure their in control and doesn't need to assert any physical force to keep the child on track.
Count up your A's, B's, and C's.
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