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Copy of Online Lecture Three
Transcript of Copy of Online Lecture Three
Memphis Recording Service- 1950
Elvis Aaron Presley
Rocket 88 (Ike Turner), Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, B.B. King
"We record anything, anytime, anywhere."
Started in 1952
Jerry Lee Lewis
Born in Tupelo, MS
January 8th 1935 - August 16th 1977
Assembly of God Church
1954-1955- 5 Singles
"That's All Right"/"Blue Moon of Kentucky"
"Good Rockin' Tonight"/"I Don't Care If the Sun Don't Shine"-
"Milkcow Blues Boogie"/"You're a Heartbreaker"-
"Baby Let's Play House"/I'm Left You're Right She's Gone"-
"Mystery Train/I Forgot To Remember To Forget"-
"Heartbreak Hotel"/"I Was the One"
Buddy Holly & The Crickets
"That'll Be the Day"
"Not Fade Away"
"True Love Ways"
"Words of Love"
Jerry Lee Lewis
"Whole Lotta Shakin"
"Great Balls of Fire"
"High School Confidential"
"You Send Me"
"A Change is Gonna Come"
"Twistin' the Night Away"
Chapter 8- Popular Music 1960-63
Rock's First Instrumental Stars
Post WWII Market
Young crowds during Swing craze
"Baby Boomers" enter the market
almost 1/3 of population by 1955
Labels and publishers respond to
R & B
R & R
Power shifts from publishers to radio
DJ's become 'Starmakers'
Power shift in Music Industry
Artist reinforced as the star
Recordings over Live in entertainment media
Radio given freedom
Jukebox- Cash Box charts
Industry Unions & Royalities
American Federation of Musicians
Music still property of writers/musicians
National Association of Broadcasters
Music purchased can be used without specific permission
Broadcast Music Inc
Musician Strike of 1947
Sheet Music vs. Broadcast Royalties
Songwriters/Publisher continue to profit over artist
Radio Networks and labels together
Rise of the Independent Label
Mainstream Pop = Swing Pop/Soundtracks
'Underground' styles open for indies
Needed Distribution/Promotion from Major Labels
R&B/Rock & Roll explosion = $$$
Majors took a few years to adjust
Tin Pan Alley suffers
Songs written by the artist
Covers of older material
(That's Alright Mama & Blue Moon of Kentucky)
Leiber & Stoller
(Hound Dog & Heartbreak Hotel)
Difficulties of the Indie Label
Shops often wanted consignment deals
High risk/High reward
Pay to play
Indies gain radio access from Djs
Station owners allowed
Hoss Allen- 1947 Nashville (WLAC)
Alan Freed- "King of Rock and Roll Djs"- Cleveland (WJW) & New York (WINS)
Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Fats Domino, and John Lee Hooker
East, South, and Mid-West, Canada and Mexico (under certain atmospheric conditions)
Organized the first Rock and Roll concert in 1952- "The Moondog Coronation Ball"
Leiber & Stoller
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
"There Goes My Baby"
"Smokey Joe's Cafe"
"Stand By Me" (with Ben E. King)
"Love Potion No. 9"
"Young Blood" (with Doc Pomus)
"On Broadway" (with Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil)
"Spanish Harlem" (Jerry Leiber and Phil Spector)