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Copy of Online Lecture Three

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by

Anna Wallace

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Online Lecture Three

Chapter 7- Popular Music 1955-1960
Sam Phillips
Memphis Recording Service- 1950
SUN Records
Elvis Aaron Presley
Rocket 88 (Ike Turner), Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, B.B. King
"We record anything, anytime, anywhere."
Started in 1952
Elvis Presley
Johnny Cash
Jerry Lee Lewis
Roy Orbison
Carl Perkins
Born in Tupelo, MS
Elvis Presley
January 8th 1935 - August 16th 1977
Surviving twin
Assembly of God Church
Sun Records
1954-1955- 5 Singles
"That's All Right"/"Blue Moon of Kentucky"
Sun 209


"Good Rockin' Tonight"/"I Don't Care If the Sun Don't Shine"-
Sun 210
"Milkcow Blues Boogie"/"You're a Heartbreaker"-
Sun 215
"Baby Let's Play House"/I'm Left You're Right She's Gone"-
Sun 217
"Mystery Train/I Forgot To Remember To Forget"-
Sun 223
RCA/Victor
"Heartbreak Hotel"/"I Was the One"
Buddy Holly & The Crickets
"That'll Be the Day"
"Oh Boy!"
"Not Fade Away"
"Peggy Sue"
"True Love Ways"
"Words of Love"
Jerry Lee Lewis
"Whole Lotta Shakin"
"Great Balls of Fire"
"Breathless"
"High School Confidential"
"Crazy Arms"
Sweet Soul

"You Send Me"
"A Change is Gonna Come"
"Cupid'"
"Chain Gang"
"Wonderful World"
"Twistin' the Night Away"


Sam Cooke
Chapter 8- Popular Music 1960-63
Week 4
1964-1970
Chuck Berry
Little Richard
Fats Domino
Rock's First Instrumental Stars
The Drifters
The Coasters
Post WWII Market
Young crowds during Swing craze
"Baby Boomers" enter the market
almost 1/3 of population by 1955
Page 90
Labels and publishers respond to
R & B
/
R & R
'non-professionals'
Power shifts from publishers to radio
DJ's become 'Starmakers'
Power shift in Music Industry
Artist reinforced as the star
Recordings over Live in entertainment media
Radio given freedom
Jukebox- Cash Box charts
Industry Unions & Royalities
American Federation of Musicians
Music still property of writers/musicians
National Association of Broadcasters
Music purchased can be used without specific permission
Page 91
Broadcast Music Inc
Musician Strike of 1947
Profits
Sheet Music vs. Broadcast Royalties
Songwriters/Publisher continue to profit over artist
Radio Networks and labels together
RCA/Victor
General Electric
NBC
Columbia
Westinghouse
CBS
Page 91
Rise of the Independent Label
Page 91-92
Mainstream Pop = Swing Pop/Soundtracks
Major Labels
'Underground' styles open for indies
Needed Distribution/Promotion from Major Labels
R&B/Rock & Roll explosion = $$$
Majors took a few years to adjust
Tin Pan Alley suffers
Songs written by the artist
Covers of older material
ex-
Little Richard
(Tutti Frutti),
Chuck Berry
(Maybelline)
ex-
Elvis Presley
(That's Alright Mama & Blue Moon of Kentucky)
Young Songwriters
ex-
Leiber & Stoller
(Hound Dog & Heartbreak Hotel)
Difficulties of the Indie Label
Shops often wanted consignment deals
Cash flow
Credibility
High risk/High reward
Payola
Pay to play
Indies gain radio access from Djs
Station owners allowed
Djs 1940-1960
Hoss Allen- 1947 Nashville (WLAC)
Alan Freed- "King of Rock and Roll Djs"- Cleveland (WJW) & New York (WINS)
50,000 watts
Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Fats Domino, and John Lee Hooker
East, South, and Mid-West, Canada and Mexico (under certain atmospheric conditions)
Organized the first Rock and Roll concert in 1952- "The Moondog Coronation Ball"
Leiber & Stoller
Producers/Writers
Elvis Presley
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers

"There Goes My Baby"
"Hound Dog"
"Kansas City"
"Smokey Joe's Cafe"
"Yakety Yak"
"Poison Ivy"
"Charlie Brown"
"Ruby Baby"
"Stand By Me" (with Ben E. King)
"Jailhouse Rock"
"Love Potion No. 9"
"Searchin'"
"Young Blood" (with Doc Pomus)
"On Broadway" (with Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil)
"Spanish Harlem" (Jerry Leiber and Phil Spector)
Full transcript