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American Pop Culture during the Antebellum Period
Transcript of American Pop Culture during the Antebellum Period
- Mason Locke Weems glorified George Washington in famous cherry tree story. 1810-1820 Essays gain popularity: -essayists such as Ralph Waldo Emerson become widely read and well known through pamphlet publications. Washington Irving's popular novel Rip Van Winkle published 1820-1829 Leather-Stocking novels and Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper extremely popular Indian captivity narratives popular -One of the most popular was A Narrative in the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison 1830-1839 Tall tale characters, and humorous works popular Americans love books describing frontier/pioneer life Twice Told Tales by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Evangeline, and The Green Mountain Boys by Daniel Pierce all extremely popular Books aimed at women beginning to to dawn. Godey's Lady Book, first published in 1830, especially took off Romance novels arrive on pop culture scene -Davy Crockett's narrative 1840-1849 Cheap postal rates cheap publishing due to new newspaper-like format novels even more accessible And Regional folksy stories were enjoyed because of their homey, "in-dialect" tone 1850-1859 Popular books of this decade had great social impact: -Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe -Narrative of of Sojourner Truth by Sojourner Truth Godey's Lady Book for the first time features a section called "Employment for Women" -Ten Nights in a Barroom and What I Saw There by Timothy Shay Arthur Horse racing was brought over from Europe to the new world and always remained popular, especially due to the goverment's lack of restrictions against betting at the horse racing tracks. "Domestic" fiction grew evermore popular. Also known as "sentimental" fiction
1820- Horse racing was one of the most
common forms of entertainment around
1894- Horse racing's most prominent track and stable owners met in New York to form the American Jockey Club Folk music and ballads were all the rage! 1800s Music-
Religious hymns, such as 'Saving Grace' and 'Coronation'
English and Scottish tunes such as 'Green Sleeves' and 'Froggy went a Court'n' Koenig's steam powered printing press revolutionized mass media in early 19th century Europe perfected in America by Richard Hoe in 1846 (all-rotary press) mass media boom in U.S. 1810s Music-
Limited to marching drummers in the wake of the war of 1812. 1820s Music
Brass instriments, trumpets and saxhorns.
Love songs, like 'The Old Oaken Bucket" or "The Last Rose of Summer"
Sacred music or religious tunes 1830s Music-
Music schools for childeren
'My Country 'Tis of Thee' was spreading like wild-fire.
Slave music such as "On Jordan's Stormy Banks I Stand" and "Rock of Ages" 1840s Music-
Popular among the people were tunes such as "Death of a loved one","Near the Lake Where Drooped the Willow" and "Long Long Ago"
America's first american made opera is conducted Roller skates become mainstream 1810-1819 "Cup plates became the rage. They were small plates with a center cavity. The drinker would perch his cup while sipping from his saucer. These stayed in vogue until the Civil War." Kingwood College Library 1820-1829 Children's games included jackstraws and hoops. 1850s Music-
Jenny Lind -immensely popular opera singer Dancing was extremely popular, especially the minuet 1830-1839 1860s Music
Dreary war songs such as "When This Cruel War is Over", "Tenting on the Old Camp Ground" and "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp" New to the American diet, tomatoes were thought to be poisonous. Soft drinks become widely available "Phrenology, a method of determining a person's intellect and personality through bumps in the skull, was considered a science, and reading a skull was a popular party game" Kingwood College Library New custom of throwing birthday parties for children (usually wealthy) Whiskey was the most commonly consumed liquid 1840-1849 1820...The Minstrels were born! Oysters were one popular food.
Oyster crackers invented! 1820-
Minstrel shows start to appear 1840-
The Circus gives minstrels their big break Mourning Miniatures Leisure time valued 1850s
Minstrel music humanized blacks, as the questoin of slavery was becoming a very serious matter 1850-1859 Picnics were a favorite outing choice 1860s
Black minstrel troupes, including the Georgia Minstrels, began traveling the country.
Leisure time = wasted time Cooking books became more popular for women early 1860s Potato chips were a preferred snack of the day 1800s Theater-
Shakespeare as well as other famous playwrights remained popular.
"The Stranger" by Kotzebue, produced in John Street Theater in New York City 1810 Opera-
"Beggars Opera", "Love in a Village", and "She Stoops to Conquer" 1820s Theater-
Maria Garcia Malibran.
Beauty-and-the-Beast libretto by John Howard Payne 1830s Theater-
Ballet is the popular form of perfomance 1840s Performance-
Circus and minstrels are very popular at this time http://pages.merlinantiques.com/5072/PictPage/1921138831.html 1850s Music-
Jenny Lind -immensely popular opera singer 1860s Performance-
Lydia Thompson and her British Blondes, a British troupe a cup plate
Extremely popular in Amerca in the 1800s
Many teams strived to form professional organizations Football War of 1812 Relocation of Native Americans Abolitionist Movement Women's Rights Movement Basketball Invented in the late 1800s by a teacher who was looking for a way for his pupils to stay in shape even in winter.
Took on the form of many sports and did not become refined until the 20th century
Played indoors Barnum & Bailey Circus Barnum's American Museum P. T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum Gambling on bowling popular and banned in several states. Craps and card-playing popular form of entertainment. Rough game made more intense with interclass tension being taken out on the playing field.
Yale banned football in 1860 due to complaints from New Haven that the destruction reaching past campus into town First horse race in 1820s had purse of $20,000 Telegram Photograph Popular to purchase pictures of politicians, celebrities.
Popular to get portraits done
Communicate information and spread social movements/reform Phineas Taylor Barnum July 5, 1810-April 7, 1891 increased communication and speed -mass spectator sports where gentlemen could check progress and results of horse races and matches from miles away Hugely popular sport particularly among recent immigrants and members of the working class
Matches usually arranged by tavern owners and often based on pre-existing ethnic or neighborhood rivalries
Boxers wore no gloves or protective gear of any kind, and were often at serious risk for disfigurement or death
Fights were illegal in most states but by no means uncommon
It was popular to gamble on these matches for sport 1831-1834
Barnum owned a newspaper in Danbury, the Herald of Freedom. 1835
Barnum moved to New York City where he discovered Joice Heth the "161-year-old" nurse Maryland Historical Society Other 1836-1837
Barnum's first small circus toured throughout the South 1842
American Museum in New York City Presented such features as:
Stuffed Birds and Animals
General Tom Thumb
The Feejee Mermaid 1850
P.T.Barnum coaxes the Swedish Nightingale, Jenny Lind, into the U.S Immigration and Social Schism 1870
Barnum creats a new traveling show. The New York Times begins publication. Fenimore Cooper's heroic leading characters, Natty Bumppo and Hawkeye, are household names by this time Cheap publishing Penny papers, which wrote absorbing accounts of the news, rather than plain records of news, thus established the media's role http://subversify.com/2010/10/15/who-is-the-one-tin-soldier/ It featured a menagerie, caravan, hippodrome, and circus. A decade later this had become the Barnum and Bailey Circus. That's all, folks!