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Fiction r Nonfiction?

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by

vamcydher kilari

on 27 January 2015

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Transcript of Fiction r Nonfiction?

Fiction vs. Nonfiction
Fiction
The author uses his or her imagination to create a made-up story.
Nonfiction
This type of writing is about factual information, real people, real places and/or real events.
Fiction and nonfiction are a type of written language called
prose
.
Prose is the type of writing that sounds like spoken language
Think, Pair, Share
Can you think of a type of writing that is not prose?
Here's a useful mnemonic: fiction = fake
Here's a useful mnemonic: nonfiction =NOT fake
Prose contains sentences and paragraphs.
In prose, the rules of capitalization and punctuation apply.
Poetry is a kind of rhythmic, compressed language.
Poetry is a type of writing that is not prose.
It does not necessarily have complete sentences.
It does not sound like spoken language.
Types of Fiction
Fiction writing varies in length. In general,
short stories
are less than 20 pages,
novellas
are longer but still less than 100 pages, and
novels
are more than 100 pages.
In

historical fiction
, something like the story could actually have happened in the past.
In
realistic fiction
, something like the story could actually happen at the time it's written.
In
mysteries
, the characters are trying to solve a crime or answer a question. Although the situation may seem very strange at first, by the time the mystery is solved, it usually makes sense.
Traditional Fiction
Folk Tales
are stories that are passed along orally from one storyteller to another. Some have similar versions in many different cultures.
Question: How did that happen?
These stories ignore the boundaries of the real world. They may contain magic, characters with supernatural powers, and animals that talk.
Myths
usually have supernatural beings (gods) and explain some aspect of nature.
Legends
are traditional stories that are based on actual people or events. Because a legend is passed from one storyteller to another, it's hard to know what part of it is historically accurate and what part is made up or exaggerated .
Drama and Film
Drama
is a play written for the stage, television, or radio. A
film
is shown in movie theaters or on television.
The script of a play or film describes settings and tells exactly what each character is to say and do.
Drama
is a considered a genre in itself, but a play can also be classified as one of the other genres of fiction.
What other genres could the following plays or films be classified as?
Frequently, the script for a
drama
or a
film
(movie) originates in a book.
Fairy Tales and Fables
Fairy tales
are either old folktales retold by an author or original stories that have many of the characteristics of folktales.
Fairy Tales
typically includes magic of some sort, and often includes royalty (king, princess, etc.).
A
fable
is a very short story with a moral (lesson). Fables are often about animals that talk and have human qualities.
Fantasy and Science Fiction
Fantasy
is fiction that is NOT realistic; it features people with magical powers and/or supernatural beings such as unicorns, giants, elves, or talking animals. Fantasy is written by individual authors
Science Fiction
takes place in the future. The author imagines what it will be like to live in that time period, based on the technology and scientific knowledge of today.
Some genres of fiction are meant to portray life in the real world, either in the past or in the present. They are written by individual authors.
Traditional fiction
genres are stories that are passed down from storyteller to storyteller; we don't really know who told the stories first.
Although
fairy tales
and
fables
resemble traditional fiction in many ways, they are written by
individual authors
.
The
individual authors
of
fantasy
and
science fiction
also ignore the boundaries of the real world.
A
genre
of fiction is a category (type) which has certain features that all examples of that category share.
Types of Nonfiction
Nonfiction can vary in length from a short posting in the classified section of a newspaper, to a long book with hundreds of pages, to an encyclopedia with many volumes.
A
genre
of nonfiction is a category (type) which has certain features that all examples of this category share.
Nonfiction text can be found in many places, in both print and digital sources.
Informative Text
Argumentative Text
Functional Text
Literary Nonfiction
An informative or explanatory text tries to inform or instruct the reader. It contains factual information.
Informative text can be found in books, pamphlets, periodicals (newspapers and magazines), and on the Internet.
The author of an informative text tries to present the most accurate information possible at the time it is written. However, even experts on a topic don't always agree on what is accurate, and what is known about a topic is continually changing.
Argument or persuasive text provides evidence with the intent of influencing the beliefs and/or actions of the the reader.
Argument or persuasive text can be found in books, periodicals, (especially in editorials or letters to the editor), pamphlets, advertising, speeches, and on the Internet.
It's helpful to know how to recognize argument or persuasive text and to know the methods an author uses to sway your opinion.
Why?
Functional Text helps us to function in our day-to-day lives.
You use functional text to follow directions, gain information, use references, and fill out forms.
People rarely read functional text from beginning to end. They skim and scan to get what they need. The author uses features such as headings, subheadings, lists, labels, and graphics to make it easy for the reader to find what they need.
More and more, people are accessing functional text online instead of in paper form.
Literary nonfiction might be written as a narrative (story) or contain narrative parts.
Speeches, letters, and documents such as the Declaration of Independence can sometimes be classified as literary nonfiction.
Authors write fiction books to
entertain
the reader.
Author's Purpose in Fiction
A work of fiction is also written to communicate a
truth about life
. The truth the author wants to communicate is called a theme.
Literary nonfiction is a nonfiction genre that delivers factual information but also has characteristics of fiction.
Biographies, autobiographies, and memoirs are in this category.
Literary nonfiction uses figurative language and elements of fiction such as voice, characterization, and dialogue to make nonfiction content more entertaining to the reader.
What is the difference between a truth about life and a fact?
Author's Purpose in Nonfiction
Nonfiction text is written with a goal to
inform
the reader about real people, real events, real places, and real things.
Sometimes the author's purpose in nonfiction text is to
persuade
the reader to believe as the author does about a topic... and may be even to take action based on that belief.
What do we call this genre of nonfiction?
Sometimes a secondary purpose of nonfiction is to entertain the reader.
Can you think of a category of nonfiction that aims to entertain as well as to inform?
Do you think informative text is always factually accurate?
When have you used functional text in the last week?
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