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Nigerian Gender Roles

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rere jam

on 11 February 2016

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Transcript of Nigerian Gender Roles

Nigerian Gender Roles
Pre and Post Colonialism
Now in the current day Igbo society men and women are striving to be equal.

Domestic violence, in the current Igbo society is mainly a man beating his wife for her making more money than him. Back in pre-colonial times that would have never been possible.
Role of Men
Post-Colonial
The beginning of colonial rule brought the idea that women belonged in the home caring for their families while also being expected to work.
Colonialism also brought on the focus of colonial economics on to men.
Post Colonialism
Women's Restrictions On Jobs

Roles Of Women
How each gender felt and responded to there roles
Efforts to change Gender Roles
JAZMYNE
Rites of Passage
Pre-colonalism
Myth of Matriarchy in African societies
Male-dominant systems in precolonial Africa
Nigerian women play significant roles in their household and economy
women are expected to earn a significant part of the income
As a rule, men have little obligation to provide for their wives or children
Women aren't given enough credit in literature
Women exercised their public power
Roles of Women
Post-colonialism
patriarchy combined with colonial changes altered gender relations
male chiefs collaborated with the British colonial administration in collecting taxes and governing
position of female chiefs declined in importance
New style of education largely excluded women from many of the new occupations introduced by colonialism
Women now challenge many aspects of patriarchy and are holding positions in the political arena
the Igbo traditional gender stereotypes and how through informal education fathers groom their boys to grow up as men, bold, courageous, and fearless.

The women on the other hand groom the girls to become soft, subservient, weak and gentle.

The men and the women seemed to have accepted their gender roles as a fait accompli.

Men and women were sensitized and indoctrinated in such a way that there were no conflicts or bad blood.
Bibliography
Achebe, Chinua.
Things Fall Apart
. New York: Aigboje Higo,1994.Print.
http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Mauritania-to-Nigeria/Igbo.html
http://www.platform505.com/fighting-for-womens-rights-in-nigeria/
http://www.genderindex.org/country/nigeria
http://www.theinitiativeforequalrights.org/category/nigeria-2/
http://www.glaad.org/tags/initiative-equal-rights-nigeria
Women felt that there was no way to change their status in pre-colonial times so they didn't try
There have been numerous protocols and charters established to guarantee rights of women
Women still rank under men in every category of development
"theoretical postulations without any practical bearing"
Ngozi Eze - Womans rights activist
Women's Jobs
Pre-colonialism
Some women were
priestess.
The Igbo people had great respect for priestess.
Turn to page
17
in
Things Fall Apart
Women had to do more work because men could only have one wife
Pre- Colonialism

As newborns both genders generally went through the same rites of passage.
As they got older the way they were treated along with the rituals they went through changed.
Once a child is born, they are believed to give signs of who they have reincarnated from.
Role of Men Pre-Colonialism

In traditional Igbo culture it is required for a “real” man to wed two or more wives. The women of the clan are aware of this and have accepted this ritual. In some cases the first wife can even suggest to her husband to look for a younger wife. The younger wives are also expected to respect the first wife. These women along with their husbands live together in "peace" and help each other with taking care of the children and other household chores.

However
, the white missionaries are against polygamous marriages, based on scripture
Malachi 2:16
found in the New Testament that forbid Christians against such an act.
Video Background





is a Nigerian novelist, nonfiction writer and short story writer. She has been called "the most prominent" of a "procession of critically acclaimed young anglophone authors ...
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
The men held the majority of the family social and political power they were moral leaders.

Men only harvest the king Yams and tap wine from the palm tress as well.

Men in the Igbo culture traditionally get their own Obi. As a sign of respect and honor.

Okonkwo beats his wives when they are disrespectful or don't ask his permission for something an example of this “ Who killed this tree? Or are all you all deaf and dumb.?”... (Achebe, 38).

This is an example on how Domestic Violence slipped by in the Precolonial times.

Girls Ages 9-12
This rite of passage is based on educating the young girls.
They children would be taught by their mothers, grandmothers, and sometimes aunts.
No. Months (Ọnwa) Gregorian equivalent
1 Ọnwa Mbụ (February–March)
2 Ọnwa Abụo (March–April)
3 Ọnwa Ife Eke (April–May)
4 Ọnwa Anọ (May–June)
5 Ọnwa Agwụ (June–July)
6 Ọnwa Ifejiọkụ (July–August)
7 Ọnwa Alọm Chi (August to early September)
8 Ọnwa Ilo Mmụọ (Late September)
9 Ọnwa Ana (October)
10 Ọnwa Okike (Early November)
11 Ọnwa Ajana (Late November)
12 Ọnwa Ede Ajana (Late November to December)
13 Ọnwa Ụzọ Alụsị (January to early February)

Boys Ages 9-12
The boys were taught by their fathers on how to provide for their families when they are little older.
The ceremony takes 7 Igbo weeks.
Igbo Calender
Marriage Ceremony
Death
Death caused by old age was seen as a blessing ad other types of death were linked to religious figures.
The process of getting married often took several years.
The process had four stages.

Rites Of Passage
Post-Colonialism
Most of the rituals and ceremonies that were held before colonization are hardly ever seen anymore.
How were women treated compared to men?
Pre-Colonialism
The community tried to dictate the lifestyles of women and the amount of or types of services they provided for the family.
The men were seen as the caretakers of the tribe and any important decisions made were always answered by a team of only males.
How were women treated compared to men?
Post-Colonialism
Conclusion
Nigeria is making strides to give women the equal rights and opportunities of men

That area of development is still under construction but to some parts of the country changing the way they treat women is changing their heritage while others say that it is time for a change
Watch Video
Women Cooked, Cleaned, and took care of children
Full transcript