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History

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by

Sonia Fonseca

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of History

September 1, 1939
The Nazis invade Poland in order to expand the Nazi empire.
Great Britain and France continued their appeasement and Poland was acquired.

Germany invades Poland
December 7, 1941
Japanese aircrafts bomb the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. They destroyed almost 20 American vessels and 200 airplanes.
Over 2,000 Americans were killed and 1,000 were wounded. This turning point initiated America’s entry to war.
By:Sonia Fonseca and Michelle Chan
the "Phony war"
Dunkirk & the
fall of france
Battle of britain
operation Barbarossa
Japan bombs
Pearl Harbor
battle of midway
battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Stalingrad
Invasion of italy
D-Day
Battle of the Bulge
Battle of iwo Jima & okinawa
dropping of atomic bombs on hiroshima & nagasaki
Significance
bibliography
December 16, 1944
Adolf Hitler tried to separate the Allied armies with a surprise blitzkrieg. The Americans battled to stop the German march at St.-Vith, Elsenborn Ridge, Houffalize, and Bastogne. The Allied line took the appearance of a bulge while the Germans pushed deeper into the Ardennes to gain crucial bridgeheads.
The neutralization of the German counteroffensive was due to Lieutenant General George S. Patton's maneuvering of the Third army to Bastogne. The U.S. army had lost 100,000 men, despite being one of the most famous American victories in World War II.
August 6, 1945 (Hiroshima), August 9, 1945 (Nagasaki)
Scientists had been working under the supervision of J. Robert Oppenheimer at a secret laboratory. The first atomic bomb was built and tested by the summer of 1945. Japan was weak against air raids and attacks on Japanese cities began on November 24, 1944. Japan was being bombed by the American B-29 Superfortresses. Afraid that the Japanese fanaticism could lead to millions of American casualties, President Truman dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
70,000 buildings out of the 76,000 near the hypocenter of the explosion had been crushed, along with 400,000 deaths. 50,000 Japanese had also died by the end of 1950 due to the radiation left over from the bomb.
Fall 1940
A struggle between the German Luftwaffe and the British Royal Air force which occurred over Britain. The first battle fought entirely in air
Germany won by destroying British air force and aircraft industry
February 16-March 16, 1945
America invaded Japan because of their need for a base near the coast of Japan. 23,000 Japanese army and navy troops defended Iwo Jima.
After a month of fighting, the Americans won against the Japanese. The proof was in a photograph of the U.S. flag raised due to the victory.
April 1-June 22, 1945
The Americans had a plan to capture Okinawa in order to win the war in the Far East. There were 287,000 American troops against 130,000 Japanese soldiers.
Two generals had died during the war, one on the American side, the other with Japan: General Simon B. Buckner and General Ushijima Mitsuru. By the end of the war, Japan had lost 77,000 soldiers while the Allies had more than 65,000 casualties, including the 14,000 dead.
The time period between September 1939 and April 1940 where, according to Great Britain, nothing happened.
In actuality, the sinking of British ships, ‘Athenia’ and the ‘Royal Oak’, caused tension between Germany and Great Britain.
Bombing’ raids were adapted by both countries to spread word of their dictator’s true colors via pamphlets.
May 10, 1940 – Germany began invasion of France and surrounding countries.
German troops overpowered the French army
June 25, 1940 – French government surrenders and collapses
June 22, 1941
Hitler attempts to invade the Soviet Union. He failed because he underestimated their army forces and sought out to conquer the Soviet Union to enslave the citizens.
Hitler retreated due to terrible weather conditions and strong Slavic forces.This event ultimately causes Hitler to fight a two-front war.

June 1942
Americans destroyed Japan’s naval strength by destroying their aircraft carriers. Yamamoto, Commander-in-Chief of the fleet, sought to defeat America by a naval battle.
American dive bombers wiped out Japan’s four aircraft carriers and defeated them at battle.
August 7, 1942
U.S. Marines issued a surprise attack on the Japanese airbase on the Solomon Islands.
Japanese suffered great casualties due to this attack. On February 9, 1943 – end of battle; United States won. The Japanese lost two-thirds of 31,400 troops while the U.S. only lost less than 2,000 troops of the 60,000.
July 17, 1942–Feb. 2, 1943
Soviet defense of Stalingrad against Germany’s advancement. September 3, 1942 German forces expect to quickly destroy Soviet forces, but they were strong. February 2, 1943 – General Paulus (Germany) surrendered which caused Hitler great humiliation.
It was one of the bloodiest battles with casualties of about 2 million people (150,000 German’s died).
January 1943 – U.S. and Great Britain decide to invade Sicily, Italy.
July 18, 1943 – combined U.S. and British forces invade Italy.
May 18, 1944 – German forces retreat
Mussolini lost vote and Fascist party was taken out of government.
June 6, 1944
It was when 156,000 American, British, and Canadian forces invade Normandy, Italy.
Allied forces mislead German forces and conquered Normandy beaches as a result. End of August 1944 Allied forces win and prepare to enter Germany.
Online:
"ARMY.MIL Features." Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2014.
"Battle of Britain." History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.co.uk/study-topics/history-of-ww2/battle-of-britain>.
"The Battle of Guadalcanal." The Battle of Guadalcanal. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_guadalcanal.htm>.
"Battle of Iwo Jima." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-iwo-jima>.
"Battle of Midway." Battle of Midway. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_midway.htm>.
"Battle of Okinawa." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-okinawa>.
"Battle of Stalingrad." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-stalingrad>.
"Battle of the Bulge." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 9 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-the-bulge>.
"D-Day." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/d-day>.
"Fall of France." History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.co.uk/study-topics/history-of-ww2/fall-of-france>.
"Invasion of Italy." The National Archives. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/cabinetpapers/themes/invasion-of-italy.htm>.
"Invasion of Poland, Fall 1939." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 20 June 2014. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005070>.
"Operation Barbarossa." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/operation-barbarossa>.
"Pearl Harbor." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/pearl-harbor>.
Textbook: p. 88
These fourteen events give us not only an idea about how world war two started and ended, but also an idea of what each country believed in. These fourteen situations show how the entire world was affected, not just Europe. They give us an overview about what occurred during World War II. These occurences were the major events that define the effects of World War II.
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