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The Legend of King Arthur
Transcript of The Legend of King Arthur
Birth and Upbringing. According to Malory, Arthur was the son of a king named Uther Pendragon, who fell in love with Igraine, wife of Duke Gorlois of Cornwall. With the aid of a wizard named Merlin, Uther disguised himself as Gorlois and conceived a child with Igraine. (Some versions say that Uther married Igraine after Gorlois died.) Their child, born at Tintagel Castle in Cornwall, was named Arthur.
Merlin took charge of the boy's upbringing, arranging for a knight named Sir Hector to raise Arthur as his foster son. When King Uther died, he left no known heir to the throne. It was said that the person who succeeded in pulling the magical sword Excalibur from the stone that held it would be the next king. The greatest knights in the land accepted the challenge, but none managed to pull out the sword. When Sir Hector brought the young Arthur to London, he was able to withdraw the sword with ease, thus proving that he was meant to be king of England. At a later point in Arthur's story, however, Malory says that he received the sword from a mysterious figure called the Lady of the Lake. Either way, Arthur became king and gained possession of Excalibur. The wise Merlin helped him defeat the rebellious kings and nobles who opposed his kingship.
In time, King Arthur was visited by Morgause, wife of King Lot of the Orkney Islands. Morgause, a daughter of Igraine, was Arthur's half sister. Among her children was Gawain, Arthur's nephew, who became a loyal supporter of the king. Morgause then bore a much younger son, Mordred or Modred. In some versions of the story, Mordred was Arthur's child, the result of an incestuous relationship and thus, perhaps, destined to be the seed of Arthur's destruction.
Read more: Arthur, King - Myth Encyclopedia - mythology, story, legend, names, ancient, snake, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, people, children, evil, fire, warrior http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Am-Ar/Arthur-King.html#ixzz1EpiEER00 Think about which steps in the departure stage of Campbell's theory are depicted in the following video: Remember:
The call to Adventure
The refusal to the Call
Crossing the Threshold King Arthur: Merlin: Son of King Uther Pendragon
King of England
Wielder of Excalibur
Husband to Guinevere
Father / Uncle to Mordred http://www.rexwallpapers.com/wallpaper/King-arthur-3/ Wizard / Sorceror
Raises King Arthur
Helps King A defeat enemies and overcome obstacles Mordred: King Arthur's nephew and son by an incestuous relationship
Wanted to take over the kingdom
His rebellion is the cause of King A's death Guinevere: Father and Son Conflict Supernatural Aide
Knighthood The Knights of the Round Table: The Round Table Lancelot Greatest Knight of the Round Table
Falls in love with Guinevere A symbol of equality
No Knight sat at the head of the table
Knights behaved and were treated as equals
A marriage gift from Guenivere's father, originally Uther Pendragon's Lived and represented the chivalric code: honor, honesty, valour,and loyalty
Performed good deeds and brave feats that helped the people and united the realm under King Arthur
Participated in quests, like the quest for the Holy Grail
Included Knights like Lancelot, Gawain, and Galahad Sir Galahad
Takes up and suceeds in the quest for the Holy Grail
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://images.fanpop.com/images/image_uploads/Lancelot-4-ioan-gruffudd-216180_1400_943.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.fanpop.com/spots/ioan-gruffudd/images/216180&usg=__kajn5uV9an5sn7dL88pDM7XxhC4=&h=943&w=1400&sz=293&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=ipyYqY3KK1G1rM:&tbnh=112&tbnw=210&ei=-KNxTZngMY_6sAOmzZDzCw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dlancelot%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox%26biw%3D1003%26bih%3D563%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=220&vpy=284&dur=12758&hovh=184&hovw=274&tx=182&ty=172&oei=2qNxTbSfCpS8sQPtgPnHCw&page=1&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:15,s:0 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://b.imagehost.org/0714/Guinevere.jpg&imgrefurl=http://therainhouse.wordpress.com/2010/12/12/thoughts-about-merlin-arthur-morgana-and-guinevere-and-the-differences-between-the-legends-and-the-show/&usg=__8yf_jjwsOyi9S7HZWHVZRz7zQF0=&h=390&w=520&sz=41&hl=en&start=42&zoom=1&tbnid=9WhMiAOCfp7F_M:&tbnh=113&tbnw=171&ei=M7FxTeCIFpS8sQPntZHUCw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dguinevere%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox%26biw%3D1003%26bih%3D563%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=331&oei=u7BxTY__M4GosAPPxbjBCw&page=3&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:42&tx=99&ty=40 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/dayart/20040707/guinevere_bow.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blog.seattlepi.com/buzz/archives/2004_07.html&usg=__3mkUukuj-jxdS4aUJch8W2H3b1o=&h=226&w=183&sz=25&hl=en&start=21&zoom=1&tbnid=Ld_6wChFyFc2DM:&tbnh=120&tbnw=102&ei=A7JxTfCyEoy6sQPo0ozYCw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dguinevere%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox%26biw%3D1003%26bih%3D563%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=331&oei=u7BxTY__M4GosAPPxbjBCw&page=2&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:21&tx=86&ty=38 Queen and wife to King Arthur
Falls in love with Lancelot, commits adultry
This betrayel leads to King Arthur's demise
The opposite sex brings trouble Love affair Quest for immortality War Death
The Fate of the King. Arthur fell in love with Guinevere, daughter of King Leodegran of Scotland. But Merlin said that Arthur must fight a campaign in France before he could marry. Once
Arthur returned in triumph from France, the wedding took place. As a present, Guinevere's parents gave Arthur a large round table for the knights who made up his court. This Round Table became the symbol of the fellowship of the brave knights who undertook quests to defeat evil, help those in danger, and keep the land free. Among their quests was the search for the Holy Grail.
King Arthur made Camelot the seat of his court, and Merlin built a castle with a special chamber for the Round Table. After a time, though, trouble arose in the realm. Queen Guinevere and Lancelot, Arthur's friend and champion knight, became lovers. Mordred had the queen accused of adultery. Lancelot defended her honor, but the conflict destroyed the unity of the court. Some knights sided with Arthur, others with Mordred. After several battles, Guinevere returned to Arthur.
At a later time, Arthur left Mordred in charge of the kingdom while he went off to fight a military campaign. While the king was away, Mordred plotted against him, planning to marry Guinevere and take over as ruler of Britain. When Arthur returned and learned of the plot, he went to battle with Mordred.
The armies of Arthur and Mordred met near the town of Salisbury. While the two commanders discussed peace terms, someone saw a snake in the grass and drew his sword. In a flash, all the knights drew their weapons and set upon one another. Arthur killed Mordred but was gravely wounded. He asked the sole survivor, Sir Bedivere, to throw Excalibur into a lake. At first, Sir Bedivere hesitated, but eventually he did as instructed. A hand rose from beneath the water the hand of the Lady of the Lake and caught the sword. Then a mysterious barge appeared. Sir Bedivere placed King Arthur on the barge, which carried him away to Avalon, a sacred island in the west. There he would be cared for by Morgan Le Fay and healed of his wounds. Legend said that he would return one day when England's need of him was great.
Queen Margawse Wife of King Lot
King Arthur's love
Mother of Mordred
King Arthur's half sister
World Mythology Book:
pg. 432-3, Merlin took King Arthur...." to "will be equal."
pg. 438-9, "The two knights..."
pg.440, "Sir Lancelot had...
King Arthur's Nephew and confidant
Wants to maintain the peace between the knights of the round table
Vows revenge against Lancelot
Sir Gawain World Mythology Book:
pg.446, Chapter 7
pg.450, Chapter 8 Knights of the Round Table fight alongside Rome
Knights have one more quest before attaining their freedom
To save an important Roman family from the Saxon invasion Arthur and the knights save Guinevere
She is the daughter of Merlin, who is the leader of the Woads, a pagan tribe
The Romans forsake Briton and the Woads to the Saxon invasion
King Arthur makes a decision... The battle rages on and Lancelot dies
King Arthur and the remaining knights, along with Guinevere and the Woads defeat the Saxons
King Arthur and Guinevere get married and become King and Queen of Briton as ordered by Merlin Love War Jedi Council, the ways of the Jedi Anakin (Darth Vader) and Luke Skywalker: the evil/good role is reversed The Force, Yoda,and Obi Won Knighthood: Father/Son Conflict: Supernatural Aide: Lordship: Jedi Master/Apprentice : Sith Lord Weapon Inheritance: Luke recieves his father's lightsaber Love/Affair/Incest: Han Solo thinks Lea and Luke are in love Prophecy: World Mythology Book:
pg. 430, last two paragraphs
pg. 431, "However, many powerful...." Prophecy Anakin and Luke to bring balance to the force
Remember the Heroic Journey?
A heroic journey makes up a Heroic Epic.
Epic tales catalogue stories told on a grand scale that follow heroic characters.
That is, epic tales tell the journeys of a hero or heroes over a long period of time, often spanning from father to son to grandson.
We will see aspects of Joseph Campbell’s Hero’s Journey in the Legends of King Arthur, concerning King Arthur, Lancelot, and other characters. Summary:
Guinevere and Lancelot have been in a love affair that most everyone is aware of.
King Arthur's nephews, including Mordred, want to reveal this fact to their uncle.
Sir Gawain, their father, disapproves, wanting to maintain peace amongst the round table.
Mordred and crew lay a trap for Lancelot and he is caught with Guinevere. Lancelot kills all but Mordred.
King Arthur orders Guinevere's death, Sir Gawain disapproves. Lancelot swoops in, saves Guinevere, and kills more of Sir Gawain's relatives. He vows revenge.