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Elder Care in Different Cultures

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Necie Louis

on 9 February 2014

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Transcript of Elder Care in Different Cultures

Elder Care in Different Cultures
Hispanic Culture
African American Culture
Family networks provide the main source of needed assistance later in life for many black elderly. In fact, when black elderly live with their children, the possibility of them being institutionalized for disabilities decreases. In general, black elderly do not participate in social or recreational activities that are outside the realm of their individual cultural traditions, backgrounds, or experiences. However, they tend to utilize a more diverse pool of helpers, including both extended family and friends (Jackson, 1988).
Caregiving, a traditionally female role, is not only a family value, but an act of love, and frequently, social supports serve to mediate caregiver burden. It has been noted that African American caregivers report less depression than Caucasian caregivers and have greater self-efficacy in managing caregiving problems (Gordon).
Even though African-American caregivers are caring for severely debilitated elders and other family members, they are less likely than Caucasian caregivers to use formal care services like nursing homes (Hargrave, 2008)

http://www.wgbh.org/basicblack/episodeDetail.cfm?featureid=48268&rssid=1
Asian Cultures
Western Cultures
Assisted living centers
Grandparents live at home
Filial Piety -
showing obedience, respect and deference to your elders
It is considered shameful not to take care of your elders
It is an honor to be in the company of an elder
Elders are treated with enormous amounts of respect and dignity
Skilled nursing facility
Hospice
Some family's keep their elderly at home until the end
Hispanic Americans are also more likely to be unemployed than black American and white elderly. This results in elderly Hispanics, especially those 75 and over, tend to live with high rates of poverty — hispanic elderly are also less likely to receive Social Security benefits (Maldonado, 1990).

Regarding housing, as compared to white and black elderly, more Hispanic elderly are found living within communities, rather than in nursing homes or other institutional settings (Lopez, 1991).

Elderly family members often live with their children and their grandchildren or other family, instead of living alone.

Hispanic elders do not seek outside help until advice is obtained from extended family and close friends (Axelson, 1985.)

(Maldonado, 1990. pg. 165-176) (Lopez, 1991.) (Axelson, 1985.)
References
Advanta, H. C. (n.d.). East vs. west: how we treat our elderly. Retrieved from http://advantahomecare.net/east-vs-west-how-we-treat-our-elderly

Axelson, J.A. (1985). Counseling and Development in a Multicultural Society. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing.

Gordon, S. (n.d.). Health care of african american elders. Retrieved from http://health.utah.gov/disparities/healthcare/AfricanAmerican.pdf

Hargrave, R. (2008, September 08). Caregivers of african-american elderly with dementia: A review and analysis (p 3). Retrieved from http://www.annalsoflongtermcare.com/article/6317

Jackson, J. S. (1988). The black american elderly: Research on physical and psychosocial health. Retrieved from http://cas.umkc.edu/casww/blackeld.htm

Lopez, C., & Aguilera, E. (1991). On the sidelines: Hispanic elderly and the continuum of care. Washington, DC: Policy Analysis Center and Office of Institutional Development, National Council of La Raza (NCLR).

Maldonado, D. (1990). The Hispanic elderly: Vulnerability in old age. In American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), Aging and old age in diverse populations: Research papers presented at minority affairs initiative empowerment conferences (pp.165-176). Washington, DC: AARP.

Santrock, J. (2013). Essentials of life`span development. (3rd ed.). New York NY: McGraw Hill.

SeniorCareHomesCom. (Producer) (n.d.). Senior care: Assisted living or nursing home? [Web]. Retrieved from www.youtube .com/watch?v=wuLvZZ3Xj4c
(Advanta)
(Advanta)
(Santrock, 2013)
By: Denishi'a Louis,
Ragan Zimmerman,
and Shadariel Jackson

(Jackson, 1988) (Gordon p.3) Hargrave, 2008)
(SeniorCareHomesCom)
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