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Situational Leadership

A brief overview of situational leadership concepts.

Adam Reeves

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Situational Leadership

Situational Leadership EDGR 506 Adam Reeves Franchesca Robinson Situational Leadership This type of leadership involves adjusting leadership styles depending on the abilities of the followers. It is important for the leader to find the right balance between giving directions and providing support. This balance point is constantly moving, based on the subordinates' ability (Lerstrom, 2008). Thus, an effective situational leader must be able to continue to accurately assess a team's ability and then respond with a style of leadership that is appropriate for that team. The concept of situational leadership is relatively young. It was first developed in the late 1960's by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard Different. Throughout the years it was refined and is now used in 70% of Fortune 500 companies (The Center for Leadership Studies, 2013) Image retrieved from: www.situational.com Paul Hersey Ken Blanchard Image retrieved from: www.situational.com Image retrieved from: www.forbes.com http://situational.com/news/dr-paul-hersey-2012/ Biography page: Biography page: http://www.kenblanchard.com/img/pub/Ken_Blanchard.pdf The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory These two devised the: In this theory, there are four types of leadership styles. S1 - Telling S2 - Selling S3 - Participating S4 - Delegating There are also four classifications for the abilities of the followers. M1 - Low motivation and ability M2 - Medium motivation, low ability M3 - High motivation, medium ability M4 - High motivation and ability (MindTools.com, 2013) Appropriate leadership style However, since situations don't typically fall neatly into just a single category, this is also adapted into a continuum. Examples of Situational Leadership The Karate Kid (1984) - When Miyagi begins training Daniel, he is very specific with the training. As Daniel's skills increase, Miyagi's leadership style changes as well. Image retrieved from: www.imdb.com Reference List Image retrieved from: www.situational.com Lean on Me (1989) - A new principal comes into a failing school and has a very direct leadership style. This clashes with some of the faculty, but in the end helps to reinforce the schools low test scores. Remember the Titans (2000) - When Coach Boone takes over the head coach position, he has a very direct leadership style with Coach Yoast. Yoast is very belittled by this but as Boone puts more trust in him he begins to support Boone. Stripes (1981) - At the beginning of this movie, the unit is really unmotivated and unskilled. When exposed to very harsh and direct leadership, the unit begins to grow. By the end of the movie, the unit is able to act with confidence and with little direct leadership. Image retrieved from: www.imdb.com Image retrieved from: www.imdb.com Image retrieved from: www.imdb.com According to Ryan May, "effective leadership is viewed as task-relevant" (May, 2013, n.p.). This is because each person will have different strengths and abilities. So an effective leader should be constantly considering how individual followers can handle specific tasks, and adjust the leadership styles accordingly.
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