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Transcript of Character Types
Dynamic vs. Static Characters Round Characters - Characters we know well
- Detailed enough to seem real - we know what they look like, how they act, what they're thinking, what they love/hate, etc.
- Characters who are more developed physically, mentally, and emotionally (complex)
- Embody a number of qualities and traits
- Tend to be more central characters (protagonist) Flat Characters - Characters we don't know well
- Not much detail about their appearance, thoughts, feelings, etc.
- Characters who are less developed and one-sided
- Embody or represent a single characteristic, trait, or idea
- Tend to be minor characters who are stock characters, such as the stereotypical air head, tough guy, class clown, etc. Static Characters Examples Why are these characters round? “Miss Ingram was a mark beneath jealousy: she was too inferior to excite feeling. Pardon the seeming paradox; I mean what I say. She was very showy, but she was not genuine; she had a fine person, many brilliant attainments, but her mind was poor, her heart barren by nature; nothing bloomed spontaneously on that soil; no unforced natural fruit delighted by its freshness. She was not good; she was not original; she used to repeat sounding phrases from books; she never offered, nor had, an opinion of her own. She advocated a high tone of sentiment, but she did not know the sensations of sympathy and pity; tenderness and truth were not in her”
Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre Why are these characters flat? Why are these characters dynamic? Why are these characters static? Dynamic Characters - A character who undergoes an important, internal change because of the action in the plot (usually major characters)
- Changes include ones of insight, understanding, or in values (internal) - may "grow" as a person
- Usually a personality change occurs throughout the plot
- Their change sometimes helps reveal theme
- The protagonist is usually a dynamic character Static Characters - A character whose personality or insight does not change throughout the events in the story's plot
- Usually supporting characters or sidekicks (support the dynamic characters)
- Lack of change helps the dynamic characters stand out and illuminate how they have changed Check for Understanding Check for Understanding Purpose Dynamic Characters: We "see" characters change...but let's go deeper than the surface. So what? Why does the character change? What does an author try to teach us about life when a bad character becomes good or when a selfish person learns to be selfless...or when any character learns something and goes through changes? 2:46 - 3:54 Static Characters: lack of change makes us question why there is no change. What does the author reveal about life when a bad character never changes his/her ways? Lack of change also makes the dynamic characters' changes stand out more. 5:25 - 6:45 Tracking character change helps reveal theme and gives you a deeper understanding of the text.
It also helps you better analyze the purpose of the characters, which can help you connect the characters to real life! You can watch an episode of FRIENDS from season 1 and an episode from season 10, yet Joey Tribbiani will still be the same...ladies man When we first meet Scrooge, he is mean and bitter, but through the action of the plot with the three ghosts, he becomes generous, kind, and beloved The tree in "The Giving Tree" is always giving. It is defined by this characteristic. Why would the author not fully develop a character? What purpose does this serve? (Teach a lesson, be a foil). Would it have the same effect if it was the sometimes-giving tree. Examples in "The Outsiders" Buck Merrill
Round or Flat? Ponyboy Curtis
Round or Flat? Examples from "The Outsiders" Steve
Dynamic or Static? Two-Bit
Dynamic or Static? Randy
Dynamic or Static? Johnny
Round or Flat? Goals - You will be able to state the difference between round vs. flat characters and as well as dynamic vs. static characters using novels, pop culture, and real life.
- You will be able to classify which characters in a novel are round/flat or static/dynamic and will be able to connect this classification to the development and purpose of the character.