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Take It!


Sean O'Mahoney

on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of Take It!

take it!
basics of digital SLR photography
The Camera and it's bits
Guidelines for Better Photographic Composition: Introduction

Cabin in Alps
Have you ever wondered why some pictures are more appealing than others . . . .

Art Museum
. . . why some are left hanging in galleries for months or even years to be enjoyed by thousands?

Man in rowboat on lake
Have you ever wondered why some photographers consistently win the praises of judges and critics?

Kitten hiding in plant leaves
One of the main reasons why some pictures are more outstanding than others is because of their strong composition. That's what this program is all about. We're going to consider how composition can improve your photographs.

Greek Temple
Good composition is a subject with a history of its own. The Greeks and Romans were practicing it 2,000 years before photography It's obvious in their architecture.

Detail of building
And today, composition continues as an important part of contemporary architecture. One definition for photographic composition is simple: the pleasing selection and arrangement of subjects within the picture area.

Some arrangements are made by placing figures or objects in certain positions. Others are made by choosing a point of view. You can shift your camera very slightly and make quite a change in composition.

Some snapshots may turn out to have good composition, but most good pictures are created. How do you create a picture? First learn the guidelines for good composition.

Snapshot of mountain lake
After you've learned the guidelines, you'll realize that well-composed pictures often take careful planning and sometimes patient waiting.

You'll find that the composition guidelines will become part of your thinking when you're looking for pictures, and soon they will become second nature to you.

In this program, we'll discuss:

Think of these not as rules but as simple guidelines

Mother holding child at end of corridor formed by brush
Photographic composition is an expression of your natural sense of design. These guidelines will help you sharpen your natural sense of composition and take better pictures.
The Light triangle
background / history
to understand how to use the camera we need to understand how it works:
camera obscura: sample & dark room

'photograph' : light drawing

developments in technology
The principle of the camera obscura had been described by the chinese in 400 BCE.
Aristotle described the principles after viewing a solar eclipse through a pinhole onto another surface.
Arab scientist Abu Ali Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haitham, born in Basra (965–1039 AD) describes the first inverse and up side down image through his "Book of optics".
the camera obscura was used as a drawing aid in a portable format from the 15th century on
Oldest photo:
Niepce's photo of an etching, 1825.
First colour photo:
Maxwell's photo of a tartan ribbon, 1861.
first photo of a person:
Dagurre, 1838/39.
A moving image:
Maybridges series of "Daisy" the horse, 1872.
EXPOSURE TIME: 1/1000th of a second.
(and a $25,000 bet!)
First image digitally scanned into a computer-:

Controlling the light triangle.

The light entering the camera MUST be controlled to get an even exposure
the exposure triangle explained
ISO - Aperture - Shutter speed
no bs: 6 big lies about photography
how the camera works
now take out your camera
"Boulevard du Temple", taken by Louis Daguerre in late 1838 or early 1839,
was the first-ever photograph of a person. It is an image of a busy street, but because exposure time was over ten minutes, the city traffic was moving too much to appear. The exception is a man in the bottom left corner, who stood still getting his boots polished long enough to show up in the picture.
Stanford and the galloping question
Muybridge's The Horse in Motion.
A set of Muybridge's photos in motion.

In 1872, former Governor of California Leland Stanford, a businessman and race-horse owner, had taken a position on a popularly-debated question of the day: whether all four of a horse's hooves left the ground at the same time during a gallop. Stanford sided with this assertion, called "unsupported transit", and took it upon himself to prove it scientifically. (Though legend also includes a wager of up to $25,000, there is no evidence of this.) Stanford sought out Muybridge and hired him to settle the question.[2] Muybridge's relationship with Stanford was long and fraught, heralding both his entrance and exit from the history books.

To prove Stanford's claim, Muybridge developed a scheme for instantaneous motion picture capture. Muybridge's technology involved chemical formulas for photographic processing and an electrical trigger created by the chief engineer for the Southern Pacific Railroad, John D. Isaacs.
Muybridge sequence of a horse jumping.

In 1877, Muybridge settled Stanford's question with a single photographic negative showing Stanford's racehorse Occident airborne in the midst of a gallop. This negative was lost, but it survives through woodcuts made at the time.

By 1878, spurred on by Stanford to expand the experiment, Muybridge had successfully photographed a horse in fast motion using a series of twenty-four cameras. The first experience successfully took place on June 11 with the press present. Muybridge used a series of 12 stereoscopic cameras, 21 inches apart to cover the 20 feet taken by one horse stride, taking pictures at one thousandth of a second. The cameras were arranged parallel to the track, with trip-wires attached to each camera shutter triggered by the horse's hooves.

This series of photos, taken at what is now Stanford University or in Sacramento, California (there is some dispute as to the actual location), is called The Horse in Motion, and shows that the hooves do all leave the ground — although not with the legs fully extended forward and back, as contemporary illustrators tended to imagine, but rather at the moment when all the hooves are tucked under the horse as it switches from "pulling" from the front legs to "pushing" from the back legs.

The relationship between the mercurial Muybridge and his patron broke down in 1882 when Stanford commissioned a book called The Horse in Motion as Shown by Instantaneous Photography which omitted actual photographs by Muybridge, relying instead on drawings and engravings based on the photographs and gave Muybridge scant credit for his work.

The lack of photographs was likely simply due to the printing constraints of the time but Muybridge took it as a slap in the face and filed an unsuccessful lawsuit against Stanford.
n 1874, still living in the San Francisco Bay Area, Muybridge discovered that his wife had a lover, a Major Harry Larkyns. On October 17, 1874, he sought out Larkyns; said, "Good evening, Major, my name is Muybridge and here is the answer to the letter you sent my wife"; he then killed the Major with a gunshot.
# Simplicity
# The Golden Rule
# Lines
# Balance
# Framing
# Avoiding Mergers
# Simplicity
# The Golden Rule
# Lines
# Balance
# Framing
# Avoiding Mergers

Look through your viewfinder, look at
what you don't want in the photo
the camera can only record what it sees -
that's everything in front of it!!!!
The camera simulator
Full transcript