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Transcript of The Holocaust
A Tragic Legacy
By: Courtney A. Rabinowitz
How Did the Holocaust Begin?
Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Salute:
Two of the main reasons the Holocaust began was, anti-Semitism and the economy. Adolf Hitler, chancellor (1933-1945) and dictator of Germany (1934-1945) had a very deep hatred for gypsies, homosexuals, Slavic-people and especially for the Jewish population. Hitler considered them a threat to his ‘nation’ and ’race‘.
The economy during that time also helped fuel the Holocaust. Germany was already in debt due to the "War Guilt Cause", which made Germany responsible for all the damages caused by World War I and had to pay reparations. Hitler decided to put all the blame on the Jews. Seeing, as the Jewish population owned the majority of the banks, many believed they were at fault. From this point on, many people thought that the Jews were second-class people and had absolutely no rights.
Life of a Non-Aryan
Although, life was still hard for the non-Aryans- it was nothing compared to life during the Holocaust
Before the Holocaust
Worked as any type of profession.
Were seen as outcasts
Lived a hard life (was insulted, robbed and driven from their homes.)
Lived in every country.
Were considerably happier, even though they had a tough life.
Just like everyone else in the world
During the Holocaust
Were used as a 'scapegoat' for Germany's financial problems.
Moved into 'ghettos'
Went into hiding
Sent to concentration camps
Was heavily persecuted.
"Jews Not Welcome"
During the Holocaust, non-Aryans were forced into 'ghettos' and out of their homes. During this time, a ghetto was an area in a city where the Jewish population was forced to live. Living conditions in the ghetto were harsh; overcrowded, unsanitary, food shortages and were often treated like prisoners (which they were). There were many ghettos throughout Europe, the most well known ghetto is the Warsaw Ghetto- 400,000 people crammed into 2.5 square miles! In theses ghettos were a mix of all non-Aryans, so to tell the difference between a Jewish and non-Jew, Nazi officers forced Jews to wear the Star of David bands on their arms. Moving into the ghetto, a Jewish and non-Jew were stripped of everything and was allowed to only bring a few personal items with them. The inhabitants of the ghettos were constantly being controlled and degraded, however, they tried their best to keep their dignity and stay strong.
Facts about the Ghetto:
Jews were put into ghettos before taken to concentration camps
Living conditions were harsh
20 ft walls surrounded the ghettos
Many of the deaths were caused from starvation, physical torture and diseases.
More than one family lived in a house
Largest ghetto was the Warsaw Ghetto
A concentration camp during the Holocaust was where non-Aryans and POW were imprisoned under harsh conditions. They very first concentration camp, Dachau, was set up after Hitler came into power in 1933. After that, 22 main camps and thousands of smaller camps were built. One camp could hold up to thousands of prisoners! Prisoners of a concentration camp were forced to do hard manual work for most of the day, leaving them mentally and physically exhausted. Prisoners were starved and randomly executed for no reason at all!
Facts About Concentration Camps
The very first prisoners in the concentration camps were political opponents of the Nazis
There are many different types of concentration camps (Forced Labor, Work and Reformatory, POW, Transit, Woman, Police and Ghetto camps.)
Many of the prisoners were used as medical experiments
Only prisoners who were strong enough to work were sent to forced labor camps.
Worked at least 11 hours a day.
Although, many prisoners died in concentration camps, most of the executions happened in extermination camps. These camps were designed for efficiently killing a large mass of people. About 6,000 prisoners were put in gas chambers and killed, daily.
Facts about Death Camps
In combined camps, those who were old, young or women were sent to the gas chambers.
There was a total of six camps, solely for the purpose of killing people.
Gas chambers was the most common method of killing at these camps.
Either poison or exhaust gas were used.
Men and women were separated; the men were killed first and then the women.
Victims and Survivors
The Holocaust killed approximately 11 million people; 6 million were Jewish and 1.1 million were children. It is estimated that there were about 500,000 Holocaust survivors.
Families Reunited Years After the Holocaust
The Holocaust Was More Than Just Genocide.
The Holocaust was a very large and horrific genocide, the first to be operated on a industrial scale. What makes the Holocaust truly horrific, is not the number of people who were killed (all though that helps) it was how everyone who didn't fit Hitler's 'perfect' description for a race were persecuted and how carefully and methodically it was carried out; how the rest of the world was clueless of what Hitler planned for so long. What makes this genocide different from others, is that Adolf Hitler tried to eliminate the whole entire Jewish population in Europe; this included the elder people, men, women and children- no mercy was shown, although, there are a few rare cases where that has happened.
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International Holocaust Remembrance Day is: