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The History of Digital Publishing

Digital Publishing from 1948-2011
by

Amanda Gomm

on 29 September 2014

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Transcript of The History of Digital Publishing

The History of
Digital Publishing

1948
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
1950
Projectors display texts stored on spools directly onto the student's desks
Alan Kay develops Dynabook, a prototype ereader
1968
1971
Michael S. Hart, the founder of Project Gutenberg, was given $100,000.00 worth of computer time on a Xerox Sigma V mainframe. His vision for computers was not a machine of massive computing power but a storage, retrieval and searching device. The first eBook was a copy of the Declaration of Independence.
1981
The first eBook intended for sale was launched on the market by Random House—a dictionary
1982
Robert Stein launches Voyager Company creating “Expanded books” written in HyperCard and sold on CD-ROMs
1986
Franklin launches an electronic dictionary
1991
1992
1993
Sony released the Data Discman Electronic Book Player
The first online bookstore, Book Stacks Unlimited, went live
Adobe releases a new format: PDF

Marc Andressen creates Mosaic (the first web browser)

Zahur Klemath Zapata was the first to develop software to specifically to read digital books: Digital Book Format (DBF).
Amazon sold its first book
1996
Project Gutenberg hits 1,000 titles
1998
The first ISBN was issued to an ebook
The Rocket ebook, SoftBook, and Cybook eBook Readers were launched
Websites like eReader.com began selling eBooks exclusively
1999
Open eBook Publication Structure (EPUB)
HTML and XML become the standard platforms for eBooks
Stephen King digitally publishes Riding the Bullet—it can only be read on a computer
Sold for $2.50
400,000 downloads in the first 24 hours
600,000 downloads in the first 2 weeks
Apple releases the ipod
PricewaterhouseCoopers report says ebooks will be 17% of market by 2004
Arthur Anderson report says ebooks 10% by 2005
2001
todoebook.com offers eBooks in Spanish
Random House and HarperCollins sell eBooks of their English titles
Ebook sales not as significant as predicted
2002
Amazon buys Mobipocket

Study finds adolescents read more on the internet than traditional materials
2006
Sony launches the Sony Reader with eInk technology in the US
BookBrowse, an online eReader, is launched
BooksOnBoard launched (is now the largest independent eBookstore)
Ebook sales are about .1% of overall trade publishing sales
2007
Amazon launched the Kindle
Ebook sales make up .5% of trade publishing sales
Height of the ebook debate
2008
Sony and Adobe agree to freely share their reader and DRM technology
BooksOnBoard is the first to sell eBooks for iPhones
Ebook sales up 400% from 2007, nearly 1% of publishing revenue
2009
Amazon released the Kindle 2 and the Kindle DX
Barnes & Noble released the Nook
Bookboon.com achieved over 10 Million downloads in one year becoming world's largest publisher of free eBooks
Ebook revenue up to 3%
Apple released the iPad
Kobo, Inc. released the Kobo Reader
Kindle price drops to $139
Amazon.com reports: eBook sales outnumbered sales of hardcover books for the first time ever during the second quarter of 2010. In July they out number hardcover nearly 2 to 1. By the end of the year, ebook sales out number all physical book sales combined.
Ebook revenue at 8%
2011
Tablet sales exceed 24 million and the Tablet Wars begin
Eink devices sales at nearly 12 million
Print sales down 3% since 2006.
Ebook sales up 1,444%.
Ebook sales exceed $360,000,000
Epub 3.0 released
The first computer hard disk was used. It was 5 MB.
1956
1957
Fortran
1958
AT&T develops the first modem
1959
Jack St. Clair Kilby of Texas Instruments develops the microchip
1962
Audio Cassette
Basic
1964
James Russell invents the Compact Disk
First hand-held calculator
Arpanet
Cellphones
Walkman
Word Processing
1979
IBM-PC invented
Apple Lisa
1983
World Wide Web, http protocol, and html invented by Tim Berners-Lee (much to Al Gore's Chagrin)
Xerox rolls out the DocuTech printer
MIT develops eInk
E-Ink Corporation is founded
1997
Microprocessor
1972
Pong
First consumer computers are sold
1974
1977
1976
1978
Apple 1
Xerox invents Gyricon--the first electronic paper
Apple 2 &
Commodore
1967
2003
Libraries begin lending electronic books

iTunes launches
2004
The Sony Librie, the first E-Ink ereader, is launched in Japan.
Google Books Library Project
Chris Anderson publishes "The Long Tail"
Web 2.0
2012
2013
iPad 4 & iPad Mini hit shelves
20% of books sold in the US were eBooks
eBooks generated $3B in revenue in the US
$486M from Children & YA Titles
$1.8B from Adult Fiction
Tablet sales overtake eInk device sales
50% of all Americans have read a book on a portable device
US Consumers spend an average of .9 hours per day reading books online
Scribd, Entitle, and Oyster launch "Netflix for books"
28% of Americans read an ebook in 2013
Ebook sales
growth
slows to 3.8%
67% of kids 2-13 read ebooks

SCELBI
1945
Vannevar Bush writes "As We May Think"
Digital Typesetting
Word Processing and Desktop Publishing
3000 B.C.E.
Invention of Writing
Not Much Later
Clay Tablets
150 B.C.E.
First Parchments
100 A.D.
Codex
1450
Gutenberg Invents Movable Type
1804
Friedrich Koenig invents
the Steam Press
1940
Alan Turing builds an
electromagnetic machine
to crack Enigma--the Nazi's
unbreakable code
1947
The Transistor
by AT&T
1951
Univac computer
1973
TCP/IP Invented by
Vint Cerf and
Robert Kahn
Microcomputer
USENET
Duke University
PageMaker
1988
First Self-Replicating Software (worm) by Robert Tappan Morris
2014
Kindle Unlimited Launches
Amazon/Hachette Standoff
Self-Published Ebook hits Number 1
1969
Online Networking
Ebook Era
Too soon to tell
Data Storage
Digital Dawn
War and Dreams
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