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Transcript of Feminism
1. "state of being feminine"
2. Sense of "advocacy of women's right" Random House dictionary
1. The doctrine advocating social, political and all other rights of women equal to those of men.
2. An organized movement for the attainment of such rights for women. World Origin Dictionary Patti Lather bell hooks bell hooks (Gloria Jean Watkins) 1952 born in KY to a poor, working class family; started out in an all black school and then transferred to an integrated school
Worked her way up the academic ladder to Professor of English at City College in NY. BA from Standford University; MA University of Wisconsin; Ph.D. University of California, Santa Cruz She has authored 17 different books on the topics of feminism, race, class and education.
"Feminism is a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression." 1st book published
1981 1st major book on education- 1994 Even though she didn't agree with everything he said, Freire has had a profound effect on her thinking and on bell hooks' practice, particularly around the concepts of literacy and consciousness raising. (Burke, 2004) Research Field Women of Color
Postmodern & Deconstructive Works Cited Burke, B. (2004) 'Bell Hooks on Education', The encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/thinkers/hooks.htm.
Feminism. (n.d.). Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved February 16, 2013, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/feminism
Feminism. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved February 16, 2013, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/feminism
Feminist Research Part 1 [Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber on Feminist Research Part 1]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xGtF_C_r1HE.
Hooks, Bell. (2000). Feminist theory: From margin to center. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.
Isasi-Diaz, A. D. (1996). Mujerista theology. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books.
Lather, P. (1991). Getting smart: Feminist research and pedagogy with/in the post-modern. New York: Routledge.
Olesen, V. (2013). Early millennial feminist qualitative research. In Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research (235-260). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Roberts, Helen (Ed.). (1981). Doing feminist research. London: Routeledge & Kegan Paul.
Smith, M. K. (2004). Nel Noddings, the ethics of care and education’, the encyclopaedia of informal education. [http://infed.org/mobi/nel-noddings-the-ethics-of-care-and-education/. Retrieved: February 16, 2013] Nel Noddings Nel Noddings is currently the Jacks Professor Emeriti of Child Education at Stanford University
From 1949 to 1972, she was an elementary and high school teacher and administrator in New Jersey public schools.
Deeply influenced by her own positive experiences of schooling
Her first major work Caring (1984) explored what she described as a ‘feminine approach to ethics and moral education’.Her argument starts from the position that care is basic in human life – that all people want to be cared for (Noddings 2002: 11).
Nel Noddings makes significant use of a range of feminist theories to develop her argument and, as such, she has is potentially open to a range of criticisms concerning her approach around notions such as ‘natural caring’ and the importance of maternal experience. She is able to sidestep a number of these (especially around ‘essentialism’) by insisting that men too, can take caring as the basis for moral action. Patti Lather 3 2 1 Complexities of Feminism Chloe Anderson
Bonnie Barksdale Black Feminism
Womanism Feminine Mystique
Woman's Action Alliance
National Organization for Women Mujerista Theology Groups and Approaches What is feminist research? How do you view feminist research?
Why qualitative research?
What is the researcher's role? Domestic Violence (Jiwani, 2005; Renzetti, 2005)
Body and Health (Dworkin & Wachs, 2009)
Health and Illness (schulz & Mullings, 2006)
Medical Knowledge (Shim, 2000)
Social Movements (Bell, 2009; Klawiter, 2008; Priyadharshini, 2003) Questions and Themes Purpose "It generates new ideas to produce knowledges about oppressive situations for women, for action or further research." Olesen & Clarke, 1999 Currently professor at Ohio State University, College of Education
Teaches classes in Qualitative Research, Feminist Mythology, and Gender and Education at Ohio State
Authored 3 books and has been extensively published on various issues
Modern Day Feminist Feminism as a research lens "Attending to the basic significance of gender involves accounting for the everyday experiences of women which have been neglected in traditional sociology" (Cook and Fonow, 1986, p. 22)
Involves an on-going series of decisions and choices
Feminist beliefs and concerns act as the guiding framework
actively seeks to remove the power imbalance between research and subject;
politically motivated and has a major role in changing social inequality;
begins with the standpoints and experiences of women. Ongoing Issues and Considerations Validity Feminism as a research lens One of the leading scholars of this approach, Lather (1991), comments on the essential perspectives of this framework. Feminist researchers see gender as a basic organizing principle that shapes the conditions of their lives. It is "a lens that brings into focus particular questions" (Fox-Keller, 1985, p.6). The questions feminist pose relate to the centrality of gender in the shaping of our consciousness. The aim of this ideological research is to ‘correct both the invisibility and distortion of female experience in ways relevant to ending women’s unequal social position’ (Lather, 1991, p. 71). Defined by the scholars ... Defining feminism succinctly is difficult because of its complexity. Here are a few famous explanations of what feminism is: "I only know that people call me a feminist whenever I express sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat." - Rebecca West, 20th-century British novelist and journalist "A feminist is anyone who recognizes the equality and full humanity of women and men." - Gloria Steinem, journalist and second-wave feminist leader "Feminism is a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression." & "Feminism is the struggle to end sexist oppression. Its aim is not to benefit solely any specific group of women, any particular race or class of women. It does not privilege women over men. It has the power to transform meaningfully all our lives." - bell hooks, black feminist author "Feminists have passionately argued for the inclusion of personal biography, narratives, a rethinking of authority, and an explicit engagement with the historical and political location of the knowing subject - all aspects essential to questioning patriarchy and reconstructing the sexual politics that obstruct the participation of women as full and equal contributing members of society." - the Critical Pedagogy Reader View Part 2: www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Mq0koyZsAw Bias Ethics Voice "Whose knowledges? Where and how obtained, and by whom; from whom and for what purposes?" -Olesen (2005) Central Questions Feminism as a research lens “What is feminist research?”
“The accounts in this collection point to the theoretical, methodological, practical and ethical issues raised in projects where the investigator has adopted, or has at least become aware of, a feminist perspective” (p. 2). Helen Roberts (1981), "Doing Feminist Research" Roberts, Helen (Ed.). (1981). Doing feminist research. London: Routeledge & Kegan Paul. http://www.unb.ca/par-l/win/feminmethod.htm