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Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL)
Transcript of Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL)
Emili Rivas, Cindy Velasquez, Meseret Lemma, Shaquille Wesley, Celeste Ortiz
February 17, 2015
ISIL is the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant.
They are an extremist terrorist group in Iraq and Syria.
They practice a strict interpretation of Islamic law.
They branched off of al-Qaeda.
Led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
Who is ISIL?
Their aim is to create an Islamic state across sunni areas in Iraq and Syria.
Want a self-styled caliphate.
They want unity, truth-seeking, migration (hijrah), a holy war (jihad), and a community.
They plan to expand to important areas like: Baghdad, Mecca, Demascus.
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of ISIL.
Here's a link to the visual representation of the spread of ISIL: http://securitydata.newamerica.net/isis/analysis
The IS's Magazine: Dabiq
Dabiq is the Islamic State's magazine that lays out the intentions of ISIL and what they have accomplished so far.
Dabiq is also the place where the Muslim theoretical apocalypse is said to occur.
Dabiq also gives advice to would be leaders of the Islamic State, calls on supporters from all over the world, and states all U.S. failures.
Is their goal clearly defined?
Yes, they use Dabiq to clearly outline their goals and let it be known to the world.
They have also
executed many Western hostages.
On Saturday, February 16, 2015, they executed 21 copts.
The use of these methods ensures the attention of the world's media.
How are they organized?
The Islamic State is based in Iraq and Syria.
It rules a population of several million people with the strict interpretation of Islamic law.
They have armed fighters.
Have their own civil administrations.
How do they finance their operations?
Through kidnapping, ransom, extortion.
An estimated $2 million from sale of oil.
ISIL controls oil fields, power plants, dams, and factories in Iraq and Syria.
On February 18, 2015, evidence has been found that ISIL has been killing people for their organs to sell on the black market.
They also steal the property of the citizens in the places they control.
They have also just finished building a hospital.
Just this month ISIL has committed five major criminal acts.
Here are links that monitor their progress:
Do you feel they are becoming weaker or stronger?
Yes, we think ISIL is becoming stronger.
Their attacks are more frequent and relatively more brutal.
They are also growing out of Iraq & Syria and into surrounding countries.
They have also had a growth of supporters all over the world.
How has the world responded to ISIL?
A coalition has been formed.
The international committees agreed to open war on ISIL.
The U.S. called a press conference on opening a war too.
President Obama has asked Congress for permission to declare war on ISIL.
His plan is to provide assistance to the Syrian oppositions and the Iraq security forces.
475 U.S. troops will go to Iraq but will not be engaged in fighting.
How has the the world responded to ISIL?
Turkey has chosen to stay neutral. They claim that the U.S. plans are unclear and that President Obama has not comprehensively addressed what will happen to Iraq and Syria afterward.
Turkey is a key crossing point between Europe and Syria.
Reflection on ISIL (ISIS)
We as a group have come to a conclusive description and we share an understanding of our thoughts and feelings on the Islamic State. Meseret, being a Muslim, deeply disagrees and condemns the actions and ideology of IS. They claim to be Sunni, yet they do not follow the Quran. They also interpret the Quran in their own way and claim that they are messengers, which they use to excuse their self-styled caliphate. ISIL now taints the Muslim community, which adds to the stereotypes the world has about the religion. Many Muslim people face the unfair prejudice that IS is breeding.
We feel as though our generation is a bit naive and uneducated of worldly events. We should be more knowledgeable. If we do not educate our youth, we risk the ignorance that has plagued not only our country, but the rest of the world as well. For example, Elie Wiesel, who wrote
, said his reason for writing was to address the horrors of the Holocaust.
"And then I explained to him how naive we were, that the world did know and remain silent." -Elie Wiesel
Reflection of ISIL (ISIS)
Another comparison would lie in
On the Rainy River,
by Tim O'Brien. In the story, the narrator has to choose between fleeing to Canada to avoid being sent to Vietnam or going to Vietnam and go against his values and beliefs. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. government used drafts to force men to go to war even if they were against it.
We feel that the actions (oncoming war) of our government against the Islamic State, the government would think that perhaps a draft will be necessary.
And because of the war, our economy would focus on the war and would affect our educational system. Budgets for education would be diverted to the war.
However, we do understand that ISIL should be dealt with, and if war is necessary to eliminate them, we will support the war.
ISIL Fast Facts
ISIL is a branch of al-Qaeda.
They conquered Fallujah (their 1st city they controlled) using the weapons that the U.S. gave to Iraq.
O'Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin, 1990. Print.
Wiesel, Elie,Wiesel, Marion.Night. New York : Hill And Wang, 2006. Print
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Exclusive: Top ISIS Leaders Revealed. Digital image. AL Aribiya News. N.p., 13 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
"The Islamic State's (ISIS, ISIL) Magazine | Clarion Project." ClarionProject.org. N.p., Aug.-Sept. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
"How Much of Iraq Does ISIS Control?" How Much of Iraq Does ISIS Control? New America, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
June 2014 | Danziger Cartoons. Digital image. Danziger Cartoons RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
McKenzie, Jessica. "How ISIS Wins At Twitter." TechPresident. N.p., 17 June 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
Islamic State Leader Believed Wounded in Airstrike. Digital image. NY Daily News. Getty Images, 9 Nov. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
Thompson, Nick, and Atika Shubert. The Anatomy of ISIS: How the 'Islamic State' Is Run, from Oil to Beheadings - CNN.com. Digital image. CNN. Cable News Network, 14 Jan. 2015. Web. 12 Feb. 2015.
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Schreck, Adam, and Zeina Karam. "A Look at Dangers Posed by the Islamic State Group." The Big Story. Permission of the Associated Press, 2 Sept. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.