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Copy of Federalists and Anti-Federalists Prezi Project

Miller's 1st Hour

Ann Grigsby

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Federalists and Anti-Federalists Prezi Project

In 1777 the Continental Congress had finished a plan to establish a national government. A few years later (1781), this plan was ratified by the states. These Articles of Confederation, were by no means perfect however.
After the Revolutionary War had ended, the young country was drowning in debt, with little trade.
In response, the Continental Congress met in the year of 1787 and went back to the drawing boards.
The new Constitution would require 9 of 13 states to be ratified.
One of the Anti-Federalists most pressing arguments was the need for a Bill of rights that would prevent the central government from threatening states' authority and oppressing citizens.
The Federalists saw this as an unnecessary addition that could cause problems.
They included primarily farmers and tradesmen and were less likely to be a part of the wealthy elite than were members of their opposition. Also, local politicians who feared losing power should the Constitution be ratified.
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
By: Jessica Gowens and Brittany Burch :)

Who Were Some of The Famous Federalists?
Rotate axis and drag frames
to change balance

George Washington
Contribution: He spoke only once near the end of the deliberations, but the record suggests that he had a profound influence on the scope and direction of the discussions.

Government Position: He was unanimously elected by the Electoral College as President of the United States

The constitution itself limited the government's power.

They felt the bill of rights could forget to list some rights and then those would be ignored.

They felt it gave a better balance between the National Government and the States Government.
What positions did the Federalists as a whole take on the Constitution?
What groups in society were most likely to support the Federalists?
The members of the Federalist party were mostly....
Wealthy merchants,
Big property owners in the North
Conservative small farmers
Geographically, they were concentrated in New England, with a strong element in the Middle Atlantic states.
Federalist Papers
The Anti-Federalists did not support ratification of the Constitution.
They argued that it gave too much power to the Federal Government and were satisfied living under the Articles of Confederation.
Thought only small government, close to the people could rights and freedoms.
A series of essays advocating the ratification of the constitution.
What were the Federalist Papers?
They wanted to convince people to vote in favor of the constitution, and to influence future interpretations of the constitution.
Also to set up a national government
What was the purpose of the Federalist papers?
Outlined how the constitution should be set up.

The National government should have split power.
Lists the powers that the National Government gets and which the states get.

Also to organize America as a Republic by setting up a voting system. Where the leaders could be elected by the people.
What were some of the important topics discussed by the papers?
It influenced the people to vote in favor of ratification, because the essays had so many arguments and were very overwhelming
They were being produced at such a rate that no one had a chance to refute it.
What impact did the Federalist Papers have?

Federalist Paper # 10 This paper is trying to convince people that the factions can not go on, the states must be unified and the National government was the only way to do this.

Federalist Paper # 51 Which discussed the separation of powers in a National government, and which checks and balances could be created.

Federalist Paper # 78 Discussed the roles of the federal courts, and how the men were appointed for a life time.
Give specific examples from at least three of the Federalist Papers.
Alexander Hamilton
Contribution: His most important contribution was the introduction and defense of the Hamilton plan on June 18, 1787, that argued neither the Virginia Plan nor the New Jersey Plan were adequate to the task at hand.

Government Position: Secretary of the Treasury
Benjamin Franklin
Contribution: Convention was in disarray, he suggested that "hence forth prayers imploring the assistance of Heaven, and its blessings on our deliberations, be held in this Assembly every morning before we proceed to business."

Government Position: Died in the first year of the new government
Patrick Henry
He is most commonly know for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech.

He joined with Thomas Jefferson and Richard Henry Lee to form the Committee of Correspondence to transmit messages throughout the colonies.

This first ten amendments to the Constitution protect the rights of states and individuals, allowing Henry to support the Constitution.
Patrick Henry was a leading statesman, prominent attorney, and orator during the revolutionary war.
George Mason
George Mason studied law, though was primarily a plantation owner and real estate agent.
He was also called on to write part of the first draft of the US Constitution, however, due to his opposition to slavery and a strong central government, he refused to sign it himself.

By the end of the convention he had become deeply alienated as a result.
He was a strong statesman who wrote the Declaration of Rights for the State of Virginia.
The Anti-Federalists influenced the Constitution in the fact that a
Bill of Rights was added.
The Bill of Rights make up the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. It guarenteed natural rights influenced by John Locke such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as well as others.
The Great Compromise settled how voting would be conducted.
The debates are settled like this
They all agree on the Great Compromise to settle the electing conflict between larger and smaller states.
After New Hampshire ratified becoming the 9th state to ratify making it official.
The Antifederalists influenced the Constitution
With their ides of separation of power
Also by making it so that the Bill of rights can be added on to. So that no rights are forgotten,
Full transcript