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Elements of Poetry

Presentation about the elements of Poetry, including imagery, metaphor, personification, rhyme, sound devices, and other terms related to poetry.
by

W. Meyers

on 22 June 2016

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Transcript of Elements of Poetry

Poetry
Ms. Meyers Santiago
English 10
UHS
What is Poetry?
"Poetry is pictures painted with words."
- Unknown
?
?
?
“Poetry is like making a joke. If you get one word wrong at the end of a joke, you've lost the whole thing.”
– William Stanley Merwin
“Poetry is the silent voice that is heard everywhere inside of us…”
– Unknown
"We read and write poems and discover that we are not alone."
-Betty Lies
Genres of poetry
Narrative
Lyric
Dramatic

Tells a story.
This is one of the very old forms of poetry.
Contain characters, has a setting, and a plot.
Expresses feelings, thoughts and insights of a poet.
Deals with subjects like love, peace, loss and grief.
Most common type of poetry
A drama that is written in the form of verses to be recited or sung.
A story told in action by actors who impersonate the characters of the story.
Speaker in a poem
The speaker is the voice that says the words of the poem.
May represent the poet or may be a fictional creation.
Figurative Language
Figurative language pushes you to think of ways in which a comparison may be imaginatively true.
Denotation:
The precise definition of a word, the “dictionary” meaning.
Connotation:
All the meanings, definitions or associations that a word suggests.
The language that is used imaginatively rather than literally to express ideas or feelings in new ways.
Figures of speech
Metaphor
Personification
Two unlike things compared directly, such as “The River is
a snake which coils on itself”.
Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or non-human creatures, such as “The trees danced in the breeze.”
Imagery
Descriptive language that creates vivid impressions through sensory language; provides details related to sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, and movement.
“The morning comes to consciousness

Of faint stale smells of beer

From the sawdust-trampled street

With all its muddy feet that press

To early coffee-stands”

“Preludes”
by T. S. Eliot
“Take out a three-pound leg of lamb,

rub it with salt, pepper and cumin,

then push in two cloves

of garlic splinters”

“How to Eat Alone”
by Daniel Halpern
“she quietly rolled

flour tortillas-

the ‘papas’

cracking in the hot lard

would wake me”

“My Grandmother Would Rock Quietly and Hum”
by Leonard Adamé
“As I lift the mailbox door, I feel its cold iron.”

“Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter”
by Robert Bly
"The grass is still dead and flat

Where the bandstand once stood

Yet the banners have all fallen down

Over the fancy frozen ponies that dance as

(When we were here)

Before"

"Carousel"
by Mary O. Fumento
"Leaves got up in a coil and hissed,
Blindly struck at my knee and missed."

"Bereft"
by Robert Frost
Rhyme
stanza: a division of a poem consisting of two or more lines arranged together as a unit.
verse: a line of a poem.
Internal Rhyme
End rhyme
Rhyme at the end of verses in a stanza.
Rhyme used inside a verse or within a line of a poem.
Types of internal rhymes:
Consonance
Assonance
Alliteration
Onomatopoeia
The repetition of sounds at the beginning of words.
A
pt
a
lliteration’s
a
rtful
a
id is often an occasional ornament in
p
oetry and
p
rose.

Note: Alliteration is a special case of consonance.

Examples:
W
hose
w
oods
th
ese are I
th
ink I know.
His house is in
th
e village
th
ough;
He
w
ill not see me stopping here,
To
w
atch his
w
oods fill up with snow.

"Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"
by Robert Frost
The repetition of vowel sounds within words with different end consonants, as in the phrase “qu
i
te l
i
ke.”

Examples:
“m
a
d
a
s
a
h
a
tter” “fr
ee
as a br
ee
ze”
”b
ea
t the h
ea
t” “h
i
gh as a k
i
te”
The repetition of identical or similar final consonants sounds but with different vowel sounds.

"Beat! beat! drums!—b
l
ow! bug
l
es! b
l
ow!
Through the windows—through doors—burst like a ruthless force..."

"Beat! Beat! Drums!"
by Walt Whitman
Words that imitate a sound.

Examples:
buzz, boom, crackle, gurgle, hum, pop,
slap, swoosh, whir, zip.
And the
s
ilken
s
ad uncert
ai
n rustling of each purple curt
ai
n
Thr
illed
me—f
illed
me with fantastic terrors never felt before
So tha
t
now,
t
o s
t
ill the b
ea
t
ing of my hear
t
, I stood rep
ea
t
ing:
"'
T
is some visi
t
or entr
ea
t
ing

en
t
rance a
t
my chamber door."

“The Raven”
by Edgar Allan Poe
Gaily bedight,
A gallant knight,
In sunshine and in shadow,
Had journeyed long,
Singing a song,
In search of Eldorado.

But he grew old-
This knight so bold-
And o'er his heart a shadow
Fell as he found
No spot of ground
That looked like Eldorado.

And, as his strength
Failed him at length,
He met a pilgrim shadow-
"Shadow," said he,
"Where can it be-
This land of Eldorado?"

"Over the Mountains
Of the Moon,
Down the Valley of the Shadow,
Ride, boldly ride,"
The shade replied-
"If you seek for Eldorado!"

"Eldorado"
by Edgar Allan Poe


ë
Rhymed verse: a poem with end rhyme.

Free verse: a poem with no regular meter and no end rhyme.
Repetition

Refrain
A phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated at significant moments or intervals throughout a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
Words, sounds, phrases, lines, or elements of syntax may repeat within a poem. Repetition can also occur with minor changes in the repeated part.
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