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Elements of Poetry
Transcript of Elements of Poetry
Ms. Meyers Santiago
What is Poetry?
"Poetry is pictures painted with words."
“Poetry is like making a joke. If you get one word wrong at the end of a joke, you've lost the whole thing.”
– William Stanley Merwin
“Poetry is the silent voice that is heard everywhere inside of us…”
"We read and write poems and discover that we are not alone."
Genres of poetry
Tells a story.
This is one of the very old forms of poetry.
Contain characters, has a setting, and a plot.
Expresses feelings, thoughts and insights of a poet.
Deals with subjects like love, peace, loss and grief.
Most common type of poetry
A drama that is written in the form of verses to be recited or sung.
A story told in action by actors who impersonate the characters of the story.
Speaker in a poem
The speaker is the voice that says the words of the poem.
May represent the poet or may be a fictional creation.
Figurative language pushes you to think of ways in which a comparison may be imaginatively true.
The precise definition of a word, the “dictionary” meaning.
All the meanings, definitions or associations that a word suggests.
The language that is used imaginatively rather than literally to express ideas or feelings in new ways.
Figures of speech
Two unlike things compared directly, such as “The River is
a snake which coils on itself”.
Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or non-human creatures, such as “The trees danced in the breeze.”
Descriptive language that creates vivid impressions through sensory language; provides details related to sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, and movement.
“The morning comes to consciousness
Of faint stale smells of beer
From the sawdust-trampled street
With all its muddy feet that press
To early coffee-stands”
by T. S. Eliot
“Take out a three-pound leg of lamb,
rub it with salt, pepper and cumin,
then push in two cloves
of garlic splinters”
“How to Eat Alone”
by Daniel Halpern
“she quietly rolled
cracking in the hot lard
would wake me”
“My Grandmother Would Rock Quietly and Hum”
by Leonard Adamé
“As I lift the mailbox door, I feel its cold iron.”
“Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter”
by Robert Bly
"The grass is still dead and flat
Where the bandstand once stood
Yet the banners have all fallen down
Over the fancy frozen ponies that dance as
(When we were here)
by Mary O. Fumento
"Leaves got up in a coil and hissed,
Blindly struck at my knee and missed."
by Robert Frost
stanza: a division of a poem consisting of two or more lines arranged together as a unit.
verse: a line of a poem.
Rhyme at the end of verses in a stanza.
Rhyme used inside a verse or within a line of a poem.
Types of internal rhymes:
The repetition of sounds at the beginning of words.
id is often an occasional ornament in
Note: Alliteration is a special case of consonance.
ese are I
ink I know.
His house is in
ill not see me stopping here,
oods fill up with snow.
"Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"
by Robert Frost
The repetition of vowel sounds within words with different end consonants, as in the phrase “qu
as a br
t the h
gh as a k
The repetition of identical or similar final consonants sounds but with different vowel sounds.
"Beat! beat! drums!—b
Through the windows—through doors—burst like a ruthless force..."
"Beat! Beat! Drums!"
by Walt Whitman
Words that imitate a sound.
buzz, boom, crackle, gurgle, hum, pop,
slap, swoosh, whir, zip.
n rustling of each purple curt
me with fantastic terrors never felt before
ill the b
ing of my hear
, I stood rep
is some visi
my chamber door."
by Edgar Allan Poe
A gallant knight,
In sunshine and in shadow,
Had journeyed long,
Singing a song,
In search of Eldorado.
But he grew old-
This knight so bold-
And o'er his heart a shadow
Fell as he found
No spot of ground
That looked like Eldorado.
And, as his strength
Failed him at length,
He met a pilgrim shadow-
"Shadow," said he,
"Where can it be-
This land of Eldorado?"
"Over the Mountains
Of the Moon,
Down the Valley of the Shadow,
Ride, boldly ride,"
The shade replied-
"If you seek for Eldorado!"
by Edgar Allan Poe
Rhymed verse: a poem with end rhyme.
Free verse: a poem with no regular meter and no end rhyme.
A phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated at significant moments or intervals throughout a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
Words, sounds, phrases, lines, or elements of syntax may repeat within a poem. Repetition can also occur with minor changes in the repeated part.