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Transcript of Greater Appalachia
Social inequalities between yeomen and the wealthier industrial ones;
Colonized by people from North Ireland, Northern England and Scottish Lowlands;
Conquest of the region thanks to a series of treaties with native Americans;
Native American attacks remain a threat until the 19th century.
English and Scotch;
Descendants of German and Polish immigrants.
Stereotypes reflect expectations and beliefs about the characteristics of members of groups perceived as different from one's own, prejudice represents the emotional response, and discrimination refers to actions.
“a Hill-Billie is a free and untrammeled white citizen of Alabama, who lives in the hills, has no means to speak of, dresses as he can, talks as he pleases, drinks whiskey when he gets it, and fires off his revolver as the fancy takes him."
"Poorer inhabitants of the rural districts...men who work in the field, as a matter of course, generally have their skin stained red and burnt by the sun, and especially is this true of the back of their necks"
“Appalachian scholars say that the large-scale stereotyping has rewritten Appalachian history, making Appalachians feel particularly vulnerable. These stereotypes have now become part of Appalachian identity and some Appalachians feel they are constantly defending themselves against this image”
“Hannibal Lecter: You know what you look like to me, with your good bag and your cheap shoes? You look like a rube. A well-scrubbed, hustling rube with a little taste. Good nutrition's given you some length of bone, but you're not more than one generation from poor white trash, are you, Agent Starling? And that accent you've tried so desperately to shed: pure West Virginia. What is your father, dear? Is he a coal miner? Does he stink of the lamp? You know how quickly the boys found you... all those tedious sticky fumblings in the back seats of cars... while you could only dream of getting out... getting anywhere... getting all the way to the FBI.”
They are very independent;
They are very content with the places they live;
They are very close to nature;
They have a deeply held belief in God;
They are friendly, kind and helpful to one another, taking care of the needs of others;
They expect others to respect their freedom, independence and self-sufficiency, which are very important to the people in the region.
Religion in Appalachia is characterized by a sense of independence and a distrust of religious hierarchies.
Christianity has long been the main religion in Appalachia.
Protestantism is the most dominant denomination in Appalachia, although there is a significant Roman Catholic presence in the northern half of the region and in urban areas.
The Appalachian dialect is a dialect of Midland American English known as the Southern Midland dialect, and is spoken primarily in central and southern Appalachia.
Appalachian music is one of the best-known manifestations of Appalachian culture. Traditional Appalachian music is derived primarily from the English and Scottish ballad tradition and Irish and Scottish fiddle music.
For much of the region's history, education in Appalachia has lagged behind the rest of the nation due in part to struggles with funding from respective state governments and an agrarian-oriented population that often failed to see a practical need for formal education.
Cultural groups in Appalachia
1st group: landowners, politicians and business people. The characteristics of this group are self-reliant, independent, hard-working, stable and having strong ties to family.
2nd group: hard-working coal miner, logger or factory worker. The average worker has little education, few skills, a large family, no wealth and few choices in vocation.
3rd group: the profession group. These are individuals and their families who have moved to Appalachia due to a profession (i.e., bankers, lawyers, teachers, ministers, etc.). Members of this group are usually not readily accepted by the Appalachians.
4th group: the returning Appalachians. This group consists of those who grew up in the mountains, moved away for employment and are now returning to Appalachia. Many of them find it difficult to adjust to the lifestyle they left as a teenager.
The US Civil War
The US Civil War: The North wanted to remain united while the South wanted to divide;