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Chemistry

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by

Brian Kim

on 3 October 2016

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Transcript of Chemistry

Chemistry
Do matters exist?
Ernest Rutherford

Atoms are real
H2O
means that an atom called H and an atom called O combined at a 1:2 ratio will become water
There is a reason it is always 1:2
and why it isnt 13:4 or something like that

Atoms are the reason why H2O is water and why atoms exist.
What are neutrons and where are they in the atom?
J.J. Thompson
What was conducted?
He built a cathode ray tube by putting two cylinders together and sending a voltage through them.
What was observed?
He wanted to see if he could separate the electrical charge from the rays
What was concluded?
He concluded that there was no way to separate the rays and they needed to be stuck together to function properly
What was conducted?
He studied the particles emitted by uranium metal and its compounds
What was observed?
narrow beam of -particles was broadened when it passed through a thin film of mica or metal
What was concluded?
the positive charge and the mass of an atom are concentrated in a small fraction of the total volume

Neutrons are subatomic particle located in the nucleus of the atom
What holds the neutrons and protons together?
Strong force
What is atomic mass?
the mass of an atom of a chemical element
What is atomic number?
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
What is mass number?
The number of protons and neutrons in a nucleus
Niels Bohr
What did Bohr hypothesize regarding electrons in atoms?
That the atom is a nucleus with an electron orbiting around it.
How did this change the way people viewed the atom?
by realizing that the electrons did not crash into the nucleus as we would be expected

Ernest Rutherford. N.p., n.d. Web.

"What Was J.J. Thomson's Cathode Ray Experiment?" Reference. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2016.

"How Did Bohr Change Atomic Theory? | Socratic." Socratic.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2016.

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