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Telemachus- the Hero's Journey
Transcript of Telemachus- the Hero's Journey
In the ordinary world, Telemachus is living with his mother, Penelope, after Odysseus went over seas to fight in the Trojan War. The book opens up with him sitting inside his house, thinking about how he will solve his issues. "He was sitting with the suitors, his heart troubled, picturing in his mind how his noble father might get back, scatter the suitors from his home, with honour for himself, and regain control of his own household."
Book 1 page 12 lines 149-153
Call to Adventure
Telemachus' call to adventure is when the suitors invade his estate when Odysseus is missing, and when Athena arrives are tells him his father may still be alive. Once Athena tells Telemachus this, he immediately decides to go and try rescue and find his father.
"But I'd encourage you to think of ways to force these suitors out, to rid your halls of them. So hear me out. Listen now to what I'm going to tell you. Tomorrow you must call Achaea's warriors to an assembly and address them all,appealing to the gods as witnesses."
Meeting the Mentor
As soon as Telemachus meets Athena, she immediately assumes the role of a mentor. In disguise, she encourages Telemachus to partake in a journey to attempt to find his father, Odysseus. She also tells him that he can't continue to wait for Odysseus to return. Instead, she tells Telemachus that he needs to go find him and help him journey home. In addition, Athena encourages Telemachus throughout his journey.
Tests, Allies, and Enemies
Throughout the book, Telemachus encounters a copious amount of tests, allies, and enemies. A few of his allies are Penelope, Odysseus, Athena, and his crew on his voyage. His enemies are the suitors, who also test his ability to stand up to them and stay strong.
Approach the Inmost Cave
Telemachus' approach to the inmost cave was when he journeyed to Sparta, inquiring if his father was there. This is when he gathers the information from Helen, telling him that she remembers him infiltrating the walls of the city by dressing up as a beggar.
"But there's that time when you Achaeans were in such distress and that strong man endured and did so much— right in homeland of those Trojans, too! With savage blows he beat up his own body, threw a ragged garment on his shoulders, so he looked like a slave, and then sneaked in, along the broad streets of that hostile city. He hid his own identity, pretending he was someone else, a beggar—something he'd never been among Achaean ships—and then went in the Trojans' city. None of them suspected anything."
The ordeal is psychological for Telemachus. After traveling to Pylos and Sparta, and still only gathering bits and pieces of information about his father, he still is unsure if Odysseus is alive or dead. His psychological state is the hardest obstacle for him to conquer.
"His words stirred up a desire in Telemachus to lament his father. So from his eyelids he shed a tear onto the ground, as he heard what Menelaus said about Odysseus. With both his hands he pulled up the purple cloak
to hide his eyes."
Telemachus' reward is finally knowing his father, Odysseus, the great, Greek war hero, is alive. This is the one piece of information Telemachus has been searching for on his entire journey. The only reason he set out on this journey was to hear about Odysseus' condition.
Telemachus' road back home is, in fact, more of an order or advice from Athena, telling him, "Telemachus, it's not good to wander any longer from your home, abandoning your property and leaving in your house such overbearing men, who may divide and use up all your goods. Then this journey you have undertaken will be pointless. As quickly as you can urge Menelaus, expert at war shouts, to let you go back, so you can find your noble mother there, still at home." In this quote, Athena is telling Telemachus to return immediately because he has been away from home for such a long time. Also, she is warning him that if he doesn't return immediately, the suitors may take over his house and all of his belongings.
Telemachus: The Hero's Journey
By: Madeline Meade and Benjamin Rosengard
Refusal of the Call
Crossing the Threshold
Return with the Elixir
The hero of a story is the protagonist, or "the good guy." This character represents things that people, in general, support and enjoy. Also, this character can be an innocent, a wanderer; anything. However, the essence of the story is what the hero sacrifices to conquer the obstacles. In this epic poem, Telemachus is the hero because of his brave actions and his sacrifices. Originally, when he left his home and Penelope, he was sacrificing leaving his mom alone with the suitors and their house, to go and try find Odysseus, when Telemachus did not even know if his dad was alive. Because of these actions, Telemachus is an epic hero, one who does extraordinary things.
Telemachus originally did refuse Athena's call to adventure for a few reasons. First, Telemachus was worried because he was unsure if he was going to be able to find Odysseus. Also, he was uncertain as to what was going to happen with his mother, Penelope, because of the amount of the suitors in their house. Third, Penelope did not want him to leave because she did not want to be alone with the suitors.
Telemachus crosses the threshold when he sets sail and begins his voyage to his first destination, Pylos. After Athena has gathered him the best crew she could find, he begins his journey, first by crossing the threshold, with the belief that his father is alive and in good condition.
Throughout Telemachus' journey, he has matured as an adult. When he left his home, he was still, in some ways, a kid. However, as he returns, he becomes a resurrected adult, and has transitioned from childhood into manhood.
Upon their arrival home, Odysseus and Telemachus carry out the brutal slaughter of the suitors. After this event takes place, reality sets in and life returns to its normal state. Telemachus' last reward, on his complete journey, was his maturity, and how he transitioned from being a boy to becoming a man.
The herald in this epic poem could be a few different people and events. First, though, the herald is the person or piece of information that upsets the sleepy equilibrium in which the hero has lived. Also, the herald does not have to be a person. It could be an event, such as a famine, or force, such as the start of a war. The herald's role is to announce the beginning of the hero's journey. The heralds in this story are the arrival of the suitors, and later the encouragement of Telemachus, by Athena, to go on a journey to learn of his father's fate.
The mentor, in literature, is a character who aids or trains the hero. The essence of a mentor is usually an old man or woman, but isn't always. In some cases, like in this one, the mentor can be a god or goddess. Lastly, the mentor will ususally give the hero gifts that will help the hero throughout his or her journey. In this epic poem, the mentor is Athena, a Greek goddess. She is the mentor because she aids Telemachus, and helps him throughout his journey to find Odysseus.
The threshold guardian is the first obstacle that the hero faces. The threshold guardian tests the hero's mettle, wits, and worthiness to begin his or her journey. Also, the threshold guardian is the gateway to the new, unknown world. In
, the threshold guardian are the suitors because they test Telemachus' ability to be a successful leader.
The shadow is the character who is the antagonist, or, in other words, the bad guy. The shadow represents things that people, in general, dislike. The shadows in
are the suitors.
The shapeshifter, in literature, is a character that is hard to understand and is constantly changing. Also, the shapeshifters ties with the hero are often uncertain, but the shapeshifter is usually one of the opposite sex and provides romantic aspect in the heros life. In this case, there is no shapeshifter when looking at the Hero's Journey of Telemachus.
The trickster is the character that provides comic relief to the story to offset heavy, dramatic tensions. The trickster, in some cases, can be the hero or villain, or in other cases, could have ties to the hero or villain. In the Hero's Journey of Telemachus, there is no difinitive trickster.
"Just give me a swift ship and twenty rowers— so I can make a journey and return to various places, to sandy Pylos and then to Sparta, to see if I can find some news about my father's voyage home— he's been gone so long—if any mortal man can tell me. Or I'll hear Zeus' voice perhaps, which commonly provides men information. If I hear my father is still living and returning home, I could hold out here for one more year, although it's hard for me. If I learn he's dead and gone, I'll come back to my dear native land, build him a tomb, and there perform as many funeral rites as are appropriate. And after that, I'll give my mother to a husband.”
Page 34, lines 285 to 300
Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Ian Johnstons. Richer Resources.
Publications. 2006. Web. November 2, 2014.
Book I, page 18-19, lines 367-373
"All this Achaeans are preventing, most of all,
the suitors with their wicked arrogance."
Book II, Page 36, Line 59-61
Started from the bottom...
Now he's here
"There she met the suitors, those arrogant men, who were enjoying themselves playing checkers right outside the door, sitting down on hides of cattle they themselves had butchered."
Book I, Page 12, Lines 139 to 142
"For now the gods have brought me other grievous troubles. All the best young men who rule the islands, Dulichium and wooded Zacynthus, and Same, as well as those who lord it here in rocky Ithaca—they are all now
wooing my mother and ravaging my house. She won't turn down a marriage she detests but can't bring herself to make the final choice. Meanwhile, these men are feasting on my home and soon will be the death of me as well.”
Book I, Pages 17-18, Lines 332-342
Book XV, Page 290-291 Lines 13-21
"I'd sworn a mighty oath not to reveal
among the Trojans that he was Odysseus until he'd reached the swift ships and the huts— he told me all about Achaean plans.Then his long sword slaughtered many Trojans,
and he returned, bringing the Achaeans lots of information."
Book IV, Page 73, Lines 343-349
Book IV, Page 67, Lines 155-160
"After saying this, Telemachus led them away, and the group then followed. They carried everything to the well-decked ship and stowed it all in place, as Odysseus' dear son instructed them to do. Then, with Athena going on board ahead of him,Telemachus embarked."
Book II, Page 41-42, Lines 550-560
"Telemachus finished.They all bit their lips, astonished that he'd spoken out so boldly."
Book I, Page23 Lines 514-516
"Then Amphinomus went at glorious Odysseus, charging straight for him. He'd drawn out his sharp sword, to see if he would somehow yield the door to him.But Telemachus moved in too quickly for him—
he threw a bronze-tipped spear and hit him from behind between the shoulders."
Book XXII, Page 432-433, Line 115-121
Book IV, Page 72-73 lines 323-327
"Before that happens, I don't think Achaea's sons will end their unwelcome wooing, for there's no one
we're afraid of yet—not Telemachus,for all his wordiness—nor do we care about a prophecy which you, old man, may spout. It won't come to fruition, and people will despise you all the more. And his possessions will be eaten up in this shameful way. There will never be compensation given, so long as shekeeps putting off Achaeans in this marriage"
Book II, Page 33, Lines 265-276
"Even if Odysseus, king of Ithaca, were to come in person, eager in his heart to drive out of his halls these noble suitors eating up his home, his wife would not rejoice at his arrival, although she yearned for him. For if he fought against so many men, then he would meet a shameful death right here."
Book II, Page 35, Lines 332-339
"Now, as for yourself,
if you'll listen, I have some wise advice."
Book I, Page 19, Lines 381-382
"Athena dragged the fast ship down into the sea
and stocked it with supplies, all the materials
well-decked boats have stowed on board, then moved the ship to the harbour's outer edge. There they assembled, that group of brave companions, and the goddess instilled fresh spirit in them all"
Book II, Page 41, Lines 23-28