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Transcript of Magical Realism
A combination of realism and surrealism
An ordinary setting where magic is accepted as reality Toni Morrison Born on February 18, 1931 in Lorain, Ohio
Has published over ten books including Sula, Beloved, Song of Solomon and more
Has won many awards including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, Nobel Prize in Literature, and the Pullitzer Prize for Fiction.
Currently a professor at Princeton University Laura Esquivel
Born September 30, 1950 in Mexico City, Mexico
Her first novel, Like Water for Chocolate became an international hit
Was the number one novel in Mexico for 3 years and has been translated into 23 languages and has sold more than 4.5 million copies
The novel was greatly influenced by her family and love for the kitchen
Developed into a movie in 1992 directed by her former husband Alfonso Arau
Isabel Allende Born August 2, 1942 in Lima, Peru, to Chilean parents
Chilean-American dual citizenship
19 books published in 35 different languages
Writer, journalist, speaker, activist
Founded the Isabel Allende Foundation in 1992 History and Influences Franz Roh first coined the term in 1924 to describe art work in Germany
"Faithfully portrays the exterior of an object, and in doing so, the spirit or magic of the object reveals itself"
Ordinary shown magically; magic shown ordinarily
Relates to the Surrealist movement of the twentieth century
Moved from Europe to Latin America in the 1940s where the literary movement began Related Works: Art Work Related Works: Film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind:
Story of an estranged couple who reunite after having their memories of each other erased from their minds Defining Characteristics Hybridity of Culture-
A mix of culture often at a point of colonization
Issues across borders regarding the mix of different people
Examples from Daughter of Fortune
Port of Valparaiso, Chile
San Francisco during the Gold Rush
Point of View-
Third person omniscient narrator, separated from society
Shift between different characters' stories
Examples from Daughter of Fortune
Miss Rose Defining Characteristics Supernatural Events/Elements
Magic fantasy is present, but not acknowledged by society as extraordinary
"Unreal happens as a part of reality" ~Angle Flores
Magic seems ordinary; ordinary seems magical
Examples from Water for Chocolate
Imparting motions through food
Perform actions typically impossible
Cycle of Time
Events tend to be repeated
Time isn't linear
Shifts between realities
Examples from Water for Chocolate
Time distortion Sula Main Character: Sula Peace
Setting: Medallion, Ohio
during the early 1900's
Plot: Sula returns home from
college and begins to have
affairs with the men of her
Messages: Social equality and
breaking social norms Like Water for Chocolate Protagonist: Tita De La Garza
Setting: village of Piedra Negras in Northern Mexico during the early 1900's
Plot: Tita falls in love Pedro but is forbidden to marry him because of the family tradition
Tradition: the youngest daughter must take care of their mother until her death
Independence and search for identity
Redemption and tradition
Women's empowerment Daughter of Fortune Strong protagonist: Eliza Sommers
Setting: Valparaiso, Chile, and San Francisco, California, during the 1840s and 1850s
Falls in love with a man she cannot marry
Follows him to San Francisco
Women's rights and equality
Overthrowing cultural expectations
Discovering oneself and personal independence
Application in Context: Empowerment Defining Characteristics Sensory images and details
Portrayal of emotions
Examples from Sula
Long narratives of emotion
Analysis of human relationships
Human behavior and tendencies
Affairs and other sexual activities Context and Message Ideas of revolution or political upheaval against a government
Questioning societal restrictions, cultural norms, and family traditions
Fighting for equality and independence
Understanding the mix of culture and society
Finding political identity or self determination, especially after colonialism Bibliography Allende, Isabel. "Isabel Allende." Isabel Allende. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://isabelallende.com/ia/en/home>.
Christopher, Farley. "Sounds Of Magic Realism." Time. Time, n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,108797,00.html>.
"Definitions, History, Relevance, Examples, ." Magical Realism. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.magicalrealism.info/>.
Garcia, Marquez. "Magical Realism." The Modern Word. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.themodernword.com/gabo/gabo_mr.html>.
"Günter Grass - Biography." Nobelprize.org. Nobel Foundation, n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1999/grass-bio.html>.
H., N.. "Magic and Fantasy Realism." Magic and Fantasy Realism. N.p., 1 Mar. 2000. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.richeast.org/htwm/artists/NH/magic.html>.
"Laura Esquivel." Biography. N.p., N.d. Web. 21 May 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/laura-esquivel-185854>.
"Magic Realism ." Television Tropes & Idioms . N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/
Moore, Lindsay. " Magical Realism." Postcolonial Studies @ Emory. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/magical-realism/>.
Rios, Alberto. "Magical Realism: Definitions." Arizona State University. N.p., 23 May 2002. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.public.asu.edu/~aarios/resourcebank/definitions/>.
Rogers, Bruce Holland. "What Is Magical Realism, Really?." Writing World. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.writing-world.com/sf/realism.shtml>.
Russell, Candace. "Cooking Up Passion The Woman Behind Like Water For Chocolate Views the Kitchen as the Center of Seduction for Her Stirring Tale of Love on the Sly." Sun Sentinel. 25 April 1993. Web. 21 May 2013. <http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1993-04-25/features/9302080180_1_almonds-and-sesame-turkey-mole-laura-esquivel>.
Valentine, Genevieve. "Top Ten Magical Realism Film." Fantasy Magazine. N.p. June 2010. Web. 29 May 2013 <http://www.fantasy-magazine.com/non-fiction/top-ten-magical-realism-films/>.
Voorhies, James. "Surrealism ." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/surr/hd_ Related Works: Film Expansion of Magical Realism Günter Grass of Germany
Danzig Trilogy (The Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse, Dog Years)
An activist (Local Anasthetic, From the Diary of a Snail)
Criticizing Civilization (The Flounder, The Rat)
Italo Calvino and Umberto Eco from Italy
Epistemological Magical Realism Groundhog Day:
A man finds himself in a time loop, repeating the same day over and over again Being John Malkovich:
A puppeteer finds a portal that leads into actor John Malkovich's mind, able to observe and sense whatever Malkovich does for 15 minutes Big Fish:
A storyteller, now confined to his deathbed, tells his son of his eventful life as a young adult, including interactions with witches, giants, werewolves and a big fish Related Works: Music Gozo Ponderosa-Andrea Echeverri/Hector Buitrago
Emphasizes mixing of cultures through mixing of music
Physically involved in culture mixing as well