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The Philippines, A Century Hence

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Sarah Montecillo

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of The Philippines, A Century Hence

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli The Philippines, A Century Hence Philippines MAIN
POINTS Historical Background Summary Reflection Title:
Filipinas dentro de cien años
(The Philippines, A Century Hence)
Jose Rizal
Date of publication:
September 30, 1889 - February 1, 1890
Place of publication:
*first published in
La Solidaridad PART ONE

“In order to read the destiny of a people, it is necessary to open the book of its past, and this, for the Philippines may be reduced in general terms to what follows.”

I. Effects of the Spanish Colonization
1. Poverty became rampant.
2. Population decreased and the aspects of the life of the Filipino were retarded.
3. The Filipinos lost their indigenous traditions and culture.
4. The Filipino spirit was broken. III. If this state of affairs should continue, what will become of the Philippines within a century?
• People start to awaken and if the government doesn’t change its acts, a revolution will occur.
• What do the people like?
(1) A Filipino representative in the Cortes and an authorized voice to cry out against all kinds of abuses.
(2) To practice their human rights.
•Possible outcomes:
(1) The Philippines will remain under Spanish domination, but with more law and greater liberty.
(2) They will declare themselves independent. II. What will be the future be?
1. Will the Philippine Islands continue to be a Spanish colony, and if so, what kind of colony?
2. Will they become a province of Spain, with or without autonomy? And to reach this stage, what kind of sacrifices will have to be made?
3. Will they be separated from the mother country to live independently, to fall into the hands of other nations, or to ally themselves with neighboring powers? The A Century Hence End of Report :) PART TWO

I. What will become of the Philippines w/in a century? Will they continue to be a Spanish colony?
a. For those who have a STRONG SPIRIT over the liberty of the country, INDEPENDENCE was ASSURED.
b. But for those who are DISCOURAGED and DISILLUSIONED by sad experience shall be a PRISON of the colony FOREVER. II. Now then, are the Philippines in the same condition they were three centuries ago?
a. For the liberal Spaniards: the ethical condition of the people remains the same
b. For the friars and their followers: they have progressed
c. For many Filipino ethics: they have retrograded

• Spaniards were able to take hold of the Philippines for three centuries because Filipinos remained faithful, giving up their liberty and their independence, in exchange of all the promises given to them.
• Filipinos sees the Spaniards as protectors but soon realizes that they are its exploiters and executioners.
• Enlightenment is spreading and the persecution it suffers quickens it. PART THREE
• The importance of FREE PRESS was emphasized in this part.
• Free press is needed in order to voice out their complaints and suggestions towards the reformation of the country.
• It will also keep the government in touch with public opinion.
• The injustice reasons of the Spanish government were also tackled on why they wouldn’t risk putting a Filipino representative in the Spanish Cortes. PART FOUR
• Spanish colonization was explained scientifically.
“The existence of a foreign body w/in another endowed with strength and activity is contrary to all natural and ethical laws. Science teaches us that it is either assimilated, destroys the organism, is eliminated or becomes encysted.”
• “The terrible lessons and hard teachings that these conflicts will have afforded the Filipinos will operate to improve and strengthen their ethical nature.”
• If the Philippines may be able to secure their independence after heroic and stubborn conflicts, they can be rest assured that no Western countries will dare to take up what Spain was unable to hold.
• Africa will be taking the attention of European countries, and with the American Republic whose interest lies in the Pacific and would like to have a foreign possession may most likely be the next conquerors of the “Pearl of the Orient Sea”. Reflection Reflection PART ONE
Analysis of the past
Chief causes of suffering of the natives:
1. Implementation of Spain’s military policies and her military conquests
2. Gradual loss and decay of indigenous culture and traditions
3. Innate sensitivity and submissiveness of the Filipinos
Realization of the oppression of the colonizers PART TWO
Comparison of the past and present
(at the time of writing) condition of the Philippines
1. Maintenance of Spanish authority
2. Role of priests
Emergence of an enlightened class
Prevention of progress of the Philippines
1. Brutalization of the masses through a caste addicted to the government
2. Impoverishment of the country
3. Gradual extermination of the
inhabitants PART THREE
Transformation in a political sense
1. Freedom of the press
2. Filipino representatives
a. Prove to be unruly
b. Become political trimmers
c. Act properly
Criticisms PART FOUR
The future of colonization
1. Assimilation
2. Extermination
3. Encystment
Accumulation of acts of injustice
Philippines and the other foreign powers
1. England
2. Germany
3. France
4. Holland
5. Japan
6. United States
A message to Spain
Full transcript