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Estar + participio pasado- Español 3: Capítulo 2B

Estar + participio pasado- Español 3: Capítulo 2B

Jennifer Kopec

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Estar + participio pasado- Español 3: Capítulo 2B

ESTAR + PARTICIPIO PASADO Many adjectives in Spanish are actually past participles of their verbs.
They are frequently used with the verb ESTAR to describe conditions that are results of a previous action.
Estar could be in the PRESENT or IMPERFECT tense.
The participle agrees with the subject in GENDER AND NUMBER. Participios como adjetivos.... Hay 2 partes:
Estar *
Participio pasado
AR verbs= usamos -ADO
ER/IR verbs= usamos -IDO ¿cómo formamos estos verbos? morir= muerto
romper= roto
poner= puesto
decir= dicho
ver- visto
resolver= resuelto Los Irregulares abrir= abierto
hacer= hecho
escribir= escrito
(de)volver= (de)vuelto The participio agrees
with the number and
gender of the noun
it's describing! Práctica ¿Cómo se dice....?
1.) El pintor está muerto. Estar can be used with a PARTICIPLE to describe a CONDITION or state.
The PARTICIPLE must agree in number and GENDER with the noun it's describing. Ejemplos de los participios:
sentar= sentado
vivir= vivido
pintar= pintado
beber= bebido
parar= parado
comer= comido The painter is dead. 2.) La puerta estaba abierta. The door was open. 3.) Los libros estaban puestos en la mesa. The books were put/set on the table.
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